Obadiah 1

Edom Will Be Humbled

1 The vision of Obadiah. Thus says the Lord [a]GOD concerning 1Edom - 2We have heard a report from the LORD, And an 3envoy has been sent among the nations saying, "4Arise and let us go against her for battle "-
2 "Behold, I will make you 5small among the nations; You are greatly despised.
3 "The 6arrogance of your heart has deceived you, You who live in the clefts of [b]the 7rock, In the loftiness of your dwelling place, Who say in your heart, '8Who will bring me down to earth?'
4 "Though you 9build high like the eagle, Though you set your nest among the 10stars, From there I will bring you down," declares the LORD.
5 "If 11thieves came to you, If [c]robbers by night - O how you will be ruined!- Would they not steal only [d]until they had enough? If grape gatherers came to you, 12Would they not leave some gleanings?
6 "O how Esau will be 13ransacked, And his hidden treasures searched out!
7 "All the 14men [e]allied with you Will send you forth to the border, And the men at peace with you Will deceive you and overpower you. They who eat your 15bread Will set an ambush for you. (There is 16no understanding [f]in him.)
8 "Will I not on that day," declares the LORD, "17Destroy wise men from Edom And understanding from the mountain of Esau?
9 "Then your 18mighty men will be dismayed, O 19Teman, So that everyone may be 20cut off from the mountain of Esau by slaughter.
10 "Because of 21violence to your brother Jacob, [g]You will be covered with shame, 22And you will be cut off forever.
11 "On the day that you 23stood aloof *, On the day that strangers carried off his wealth, And foreigners entered his gate And 24cast lots for Jerusalem - 25You too were as one of them.
12 "26Do not [h]gloat over your brother's day, The day of his misfortune. And 27do not rejoice over the sons of Judah In the day of their destruction; Yes, 28do not [i]boast * In the day of their distress.
13 "Do not enter the gate of My people In the 29day of their disaster. Yes, you, do not [j]gloat over their calamity In the day of their disaster. And do not 30loot their wealth In the day of their disaster.
14 "Do not 31stand at the fork of the road To cut down their fugitives; And do not imprison their survivors In the day of their distress.

The Day of the LORD and the Future

15 "For the 32day of the LORD draws near on all the nations. 33As you have done, it will be done to you. Your 34dealings will return on your own head.
16 "Because just as you 35drank on 36My holy mountain, All the nations 37will drink continually. They will drink and [k]swallow And become as if they had never existed.
17 "But on Mount 38Zion there will be those who escape, And it will be holy. And the house of Jacob will 39possess their possessions.
18 "Then the house of Jacob will be a 40fire And the house of Joseph a flame; But the house of Esau will be as stubble. And they will set [l]them on fire and consume [m]them, So that there will be 41no survivor of the house of Esau," For the LORD has spoken.
19 Then those of the [n]Negev will 42possess the mountain of Esau, And those of the [o]Shephelah the 43Philistine plain; Also, 44possess the territory of Ephraim and the territory of Samaria, And Benjamin will possess Gilead.
20 And the exiles of this host of the sons of Israel, Who are among the Canaanites as far as 45Zarephath, And the exiles of Jerusalem who are in Sepharad Will possess the 46cities of the Negev.
21 The 47deliverers will ascend Mount Zion To judge the mountain of Esau, And the 48kingdom will be the LORD'S.

Obadiah 1 Commentary

Chapter 1

The first part denounces the destruction of Edom, dwelling upon the injuries they inflicted upon the Jews. The second foretells the restoration of the Jews, and the latter glories of the church.

Destruction to come upon Edom. Their offences against Jacob. (1-16) The restoration of the Jews, and their flourishing state in the latter times. (17-21)

Verses 1-16 This prophecy is against Edom. Its destruction seems to have been typical, as their father Esau's rejection; and to refer to the destruction of the enemies of the gospel church. See the prediction of the success of that war; Edom shall be spoiled, and brought down. All the enemies of God's church shall be disappointed in the things they stay themselves on. God can easily lay those low who magnify and exalt themselves; and will do it. Carnal security ripens men for ruin, and makes the ruin worse when it comes. Treasures on earth cannot be so safely laid up but that thieves may break through and steal; it is therefore our wisdom to lay up for ourselves treasures in heaven. Those that make flesh their trust, arm it against themselves. The God of our covenant will never deceive us: but if we trust men with whom we join ourselves, it may prove to us a wound and dishonour. God will justly deny those understanding to keep out of danger, who will not use their understandings to keep out of sin. All violence, all unrighteousness, is sin; but it makes the violence far worse, if it be done against any of God's people. Their barbarous conduct towards Judah and Jerusalem, is charged upon them. In reflecting on ourselves, it is good to consider what we should have done; to compare our practice with the Scripture rule. Sin, thus looked upon in the glass of the commandment, will appear exceedingly sinful. Those have a great deal to answer for, who are idle spectators of the troubles of their neighbours, when able to be active helpers. Those make themselves poor, who think to make themselves rich by the ruin of the people of God; and those deceive themselves, who call all that their own on which they can lay their hands in a day of calamity. Though judgment begins at the house of God, it shall not end there. Let sorrowful believers and insolent oppressors know, that the troubles of the righteous will soon end, but those of the wicked will be eternal.

Verses 17-21 There should be deliverance and holiness at Jerusalem, and the house of Jacob would again occupy their possessions. Much of this prophecy was fulfilled when the Jews returned to their own land. But the salvation and holiness of the gospel, its spread, and the conversion of the Gentiles, seem also to be intended, especially the restoration of Israel, the destruction of antichrist, and the prosperous state of the church, to which all the prophets bear witness. When Christ is come, and not till then, shall the kingdom be the Lord's in the full sense of the term. As none that exalt themselves against the Lord shall prosper, and all shall be brought down; so none that wait upon the Lord, and put their trust in him, shall ever be dismayed. Blessed be the Divine Saviour and Judge on Mount Zion! His word shall be a savour of life unto life unto numbers, while it judges and condemns obstinate unbelievers.

Cross References 48

  • 1. Psalms 137:7; Isaiah 21:11, 12; Isaiah 34:1-17; Isaiah 63:1-6; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Ezekiel 25:12-14; Ezekiel 35:15; Joel 3:19; Amos 1:11, 12; Malachi 1:4
  • 2. Jeremiah 49:14-16; Obad 1-4
  • 3. Isaiah 18:2; Isaiah 30:4
  • 4. Jeremiah 6:4, 5
  • 5. Numbers 24:18; Isaiah 23:9
  • 6. Isaiah 16:6; Jeremiah 49:16
  • 7. 2 Kings 14:7; 2 Chronicles 25:11
  • 8. Isaiah 14:13-15; Revelation 18:7
  • 9. Job 20:6, 7; Habakkuk 2:9
  • 10. Isaiah 14:12-15
  • 11. Jeremiah 49:9
  • 12. Deuteronomy 24:21
  • 13. Jeremiah 49:10
  • 14. Jeremiah 30:14
  • 15. Psalms 41:9
  • 16. Isaiah 19:11; Jeremiah 49:7
  • 17. Job 5:12-14; Isaiah 29:14
  • 18. Jeremiah 49:22
  • 19. Genesis 36:11; 1 Chronicles 1:45; Job 2:11; Jeremiah 49:7; Ezekiel 25:13; Amos 1:12; Habakkuk 3:3
  • 20. Isaiah 34:5-8; Isaiah 63:1-3; Obadiah 5
  • 21. Genesis 27:41; Ezekiel 25:12; Joel 3:19; Amos 1:11
  • 22. Ezekiel 35:9
  • 23. Psalms 83:5, 6; Psalms 137:7; Amos 1:6, 9
  • 24. Joel 3:3; Nahum 3:10
  • 25. Ezekiel 35:10
  • 26. Micah 4:11; Micah 7:10
  • 27. Proverbs 17:5; Ezekiel 35:15; Ezekiel 36:5
  • 28. Psalms 31:18; Ezekiel 35:12
  • 29. Ezekiel 35:5
  • 30. Ezekiel 35:10; Ezekiel 36:2, 3
  • 31. Isaiah 16:3, 4
  • 32. Ezekiel 30:3; Joel 1:15; Joel 2:1, 11, 31; Amos 5:18, 20
  • 33. Jeremiah 50:29; Jeremiah 51:56; Habakkuk 2:8
  • 34. Ezekiel 35:11
  • 35. Jeremiah 49:12
  • 36. Joel 3:17
  • 37. Isaiah 51:22, 23; Jeremiah 25:15, 16
  • 38. Isaiah 4:2, 3
  • 39. Isaiah 14:1, 2; Amos 9:11-15
  • 40. Isaiah 5:24; Isaiah 9:18, 19; Zechariah 12:6
  • 41. Jeremiah 11:23; Amos 1:8
  • 42. Isaiah 11:14; Amos 9:12
  • 43. Isaiah 11:14
  • 44. Jeremiah 31:5; Jeremiah 32:44
  • 45. 1 Kings 17:9; Luke 4:26
  • 46. Jeremiah 32:44; Jeremiah 33:13
  • 47. Nehemiah 9:27
  • 48. Psalms 22:28; Psalms 47:7-9; Psalms 67:4; Zechariah 14:9; Revelation 11:15

Footnotes 15

Chapter Summary


The title of this Book, in the Hebrew copies, is usually "Sepher Obadiah", the Book of Obadiah: the Vulgate Latin version calls it the Prophecy of Obadiah; and so the Arabic version: and in the Syriac version it is, the Prophecy of the Prophet Obadiah. His name signifies a "servant" or "worshipper of the Lord". Who he was, what his parentage, and in what age he lived, are things uncertain. The Seder Olam Zuta {a} places him in the reign of Jehoshaphat: and he is thought by some to be that Obadiah that was one of the princes he sent to teach the people, 2Ch 17:7. The ancient Jewish Rabbins take him to be the same with him that lived in the times of Ahab, and in his court, who hid the prophets by fifty in a cave, and fed them, 1Ki 18:3,4; to which Aben Ezra objects, because he is not called a prophet, only one that feared the Lord; whereas to be a prophet is something greater. They also say he was an Edomite by birth, but was proselyted to the Jewish religion, and so a fit person to be employed in prophesying against Edom; and it is a tradition with them that his widow is the woman whose cruse of oil Elisha multiplied, 2Ki 4:1. Some have been of opinion that he was the captain of the third fifty, whose life Elijah spared in the times of Ahaziah; and who upon that left the king's service, and followed the prophet, and became a disciple of his; so Pseudo-Epiphanius {b}, and Isidorus Hispalensis {c}, who say that he was of Sychem, a city of Samaria, and of the field of Bethachamar, or Bethaccaron. Others would have him to be one of the overseers of the workmen in the house of the Lord, in the times of Josiah, 2Ch 34:12; to which Mr. Lively {d} inclines; though others, going according to the order of the books in the canon of Scripture, which is not to be depended on, place him earlier, and make him contemporary with Hosea, Joel, and Amos, as Grotius {e}, Huetius {f}, and Lightfoot {g}: but he seems rather to be contemporary with Jeremiah and Ezekiel, with whose prophecies this agrees, as may be observed by comparing it with Jer 49:1-39, Eze 25:1-17; and to have lived and prophesied after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans; in which the Edomites, against whom he prophesies, had a concern; see Ob 1:11-14, Ps 137:7; though Dr. Lightfoot thinks these prophecies refer either to the sacking of Jerusalem by Shishak king of Egypt, 1Ki 14:25; or by the Philistines and Arabians, 2Ch 21:16,17; or by Joash king of Israel, 2Ch 25:21; so that, upon the whole, it is not certain; and, as Aben Ezra and Kimchi own, it is not known in what age this prophet lived: Bishop Usher {h} places his prophecy in the twelfth year of Jeconiah's captivity. However, there is no doubt to be made of the authenticity of the prophecy; as may be concluded, not only from the title of it, and the solemn manner in which it begins; but from the matter of it, and the accomplishment of what is contained in it; as well as from the testimony borne to it in the New Testament, in which not only the book of the minor prophets, in which this stands, is quoted, Ac 7:42; but a passage in it, Ob 1:8; is referred to in 1Co 1:19; as is thought by some learned men. I have only to observe, that, according to Pseudo-Epiphanius {i}, he died in Bethachamar, where he is said to be born, and was buried in the sepulchre of his ancestors; but, according to Jerom {k} and Isidore {l}, his sepulchre is in Sebaste or Samaria; which remained to the times of Jerom, near those of the Prophet Elisha and John the Baptist. Monsieur Thevenot {m} says that John Baptist here lies buried between the Prophets Elisha and Abdias.

{a} P. 103. {b} De Prophet. Vid. c. 15. {c} De Vita & Mort. Sanct. c, 44. {d} In loc. {e} In loc. {f} Demonstrat. Evangel. Prop. 4. p. 290. {g} Works, vol. 1. p. 96. {h} Annales Vet. Test. A. M. 3417 or 587 B.C. {i} Ut supra. (De Prophet. Vid. c. 15.) {k} Comment. in loc. & in Epitaph. Paulae, fol. 59. M. {l} Ut supra. (De Vita & Mort. Sanct. c, 44.) {m} Travels, par. 1. B. 1. ch. 56. p. 216.


This prophecy of Obadiah is the least of the minor prophets, consisting but of one chapter; the subject of it is Edom, whose destruction is foretold, and is to be considered as a type of the enemies of Christ and his kingdom, and especially of the Roman antichrist. After the preface, the rumour of war, and preparation for it, which would issue in the ruin of Edom, are observed, Ob 1:1,2; because of their pride, confidence, and security, Ob 1:3,4; which should be complete and entire, Ob 1:5,6; notwithstanding their allies, who would deceive them; and the wisdom of their wise men, which should be destroyed; and the strength of their mighty men, who would be dismayed, Ob 1:7-9; and this should come upon them, chiefly because of their ill usage of the Jews at the time of Jerusalem's destruction, which is enlarged upon, Ob 1:10-14; and this would be when all the nations round about them would be destroyed, Ob 1:15,16; and then deliverance is promised to the Jews, who should not only enjoy their own possessions, but the land of the Edomites, wasted by them, Ob 1:17-20; and the book is concluded with a glorious prophecy of the kingdom of the Messiah, Ob 1:21.

Obadiah 1 Commentaries