Psalms 106

Israel's Rebelliousness and the LORD'S Deliverances.

1 Praise the LORD! Oh 1give thanks to the LORD, for He 2is good; For 3His lovingkindness is everlasting.
2 Who can speak of the 4mighty deeds of the LORD, Or can show forth all His praise?
3 How blessed are those who keep justice, Who 5practice righteousness at all times!
4 Remember me, O LORD, in Your 6favor toward Your people; Visit me with Your salvation,
5 That I may see the 7prosperity of Your chosen ones, That I may 8rejoice in the gladness of Your nation, That I may 9glory with Your inheritance.
6 10We have sinned 11like our fathers, We have committed iniquity, we have behaved wickedly.
7 Our fathers in Egypt did not understand Your wonders; They 12did not remember Your abundant kindnesses, But 13rebelled by the sea, at the Red * Sea.
8 Nevertheless He saved them 14for the sake of His name, That He might 15make His power known.
9 Thus He 16rebuked the Red * Sea and it 17dried up, And He 18led them through the deeps, as through the wilderness.
10 So He 19saved them from the hand of the one who hated them, And 20redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.
11 21The waters covered their adversaries; Not one of them was left.
12 Then they 22believed His words; They 23sang His praise.
13 They quickly 24forgot His works; They 25did not wait for His counsel,
14 But 26craved intensely in the wilderness, And 27tempted God in the desert.
15 So He 28gave them their request, But 29sent a wasting disease among them.
16 When they became 30envious of Moses in the camp, And of Aaron, the holy one of the LORD,
17 The 31earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, And engulfed the company of Abiram.
18 And a 32fire blazed up in their company; The flame consumed the wicked.
19 They 33made a calf in Horeb And worshiped a molten image.
20 Thus they 34exchanged their glory For the image of an ox that eats grass.
21 They 35forgot God their Savior, Who had done 36great things in Egypt,
22 37Wonders in the land of Ham And awesome things by the Red * Sea.
23 Therefore 38He said that He would destroy them, Had not 39Moses His chosen one stood in the breach before Him, To turn away His wrath from destroying them.
24 Then they 40despised the 41pleasant land; They 42did not believe in His word,
25 But 43grumbled in their tents; They did not listen to the voice of the LORD.
26 Therefore He 44swore * to them That He would cast them down in the wilderness,
27 And that He would 45cast their seed among the nations And 46scatter them in the lands.
28 They 47joined themselves also to Baal-peor, And ate 48sacrifices offered to the dead.
29 Thus they 49provoked Him to anger with their deeds, And the plague broke out among them.
30 Then Phinehas 50stood up and interposed, And so the 51plague was stayed.
31 And it was 52reckoned to him for righteousness, To all generations forever *.
32 They also 53provoked Him to wrath at the waters of Meribah, So that it 54went hard with Moses on their account;
33 Because they 55were rebellious against His Spirit, He spoke rashly with his lips.
34 They 56did not destroy the peoples, As 57the LORD commanded them,
35 But 58they mingled with the nations And learned their practices,
36 And 59served their idols, 60Which became a snare to them.
37 They even 61sacrificed their sons and their daughters to the 62demons,
38 And shed 63innocent blood, The blood of their 64sons and their daughters, Whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan; And the land was 65polluted with the blood.
39 Thus they became 66unclean in their practices, And 67played the harlot in their deeds.
40 Therefore the 68anger of the LORD was kindled against His people And He 69abhorred His 70inheritance.
41 Then 71He gave them into the hand of the nations, And those who hated them ruled over them.
42 Their enemies also 72oppressed them, And they were subdued under their power.
43 Many times He would 73deliver them; They, however, were rebellious in their 74counsel, And so 75sank down in their iniquity.
44 Nevertheless He looked upon their distress When He 76heard their cry;
45 And He 77remembered His covenant for their sake, And 78relented 79according to the greatness of His lovingkindness.
46 He also made them 80objects of compassion In the presence of all their captors.
47 81Save us, O LORD our God, And 82gather us from among the nations, To give thanks to Your holy name And 83glory in Your praise.
48 84Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, From everlasting even to everlasting. And let all the people say, "Amen." Praise the LORD!

Psalms 106 Commentary

Chapter 106

The happiness of God's people. (1-5) Israel's sins. (6-12) Their provocations. (13-33) Their rebellions in Canaan. (34-46) Prayer for more complete deliverance. (47,48)

Verses 1-5 None of our sins or sufferings should prevent our ascribing glory and praise to the Lord. The more unworthy we are, the more is his kindness to be admired. And those who depend on the Redeemer's righteousness will endeavour to copy his example, and by word and deed to show forth his praise. God's people have reason to be cheerful people; and need not envy the children of men their pleasure or pride.

Verses 6-12 Here begins a confession of sin; for we must acknowledge that the Lord has done right, and we have done wickedly. We are encouraged to hope that though justly corrected, yet we shall not be utterly forsaken. God's afflicted people own themselves guilty before him. God is distrusted because his favours are not remembered. If he did not save us for his own name's sake, and to the praise of his power and grace, we should all perish.

Verses 13-33 Those that will not wait for God's counsel, shall justly be given up to their own hearts' lusts, to walk in their own counsels. An undue desire, even for lawful things, becomes sinful. God showed his displeasure for this. He filled them with uneasiness of mind, terror of conscience, and self-reproach. Many that fare deliciously every day, and whose bodies are healthful, have leanness in their souls: no love to God, no thankfulness, no appetite for the Bread of life, and then the soul must be lean. Those wretchedly forget themselves, that feast their bodies and starve their souls. Even the true believer will see abundant cause to say, It is of the Lord's mercies that I am not consumed. Often have we set up idols in our hearts, cleaved to some forbidden object; so that if a greater than Moses had not stood to turn away the anger of the Lord, we should have been destroyed. If God dealt severely with Moses for unadvised words, what do those deserve who speak many proud and wicked words? It is just in God to remove those relations that are blessings to us, when we are peevish and provoking to them, and grieve their spirits.

Verses 34-48 The conduct of the Israelites in Canaan, and God's dealings with them, show that the way of sin is down-hill; omissions make way for commissions: when they neglected to destroy the heathen, they learned their works. One sin led to many more, and brought the judgments of God on them. Their sin was, in part, their own punishment. Sinners often see themselves ruined by those who led them into evil. Satan, who is a tempter, will be a tormentor. At length, God showed pity to his people for his covenant's sake. The unchangeableness of God's merciful nature and love to his people, makes him change the course of justice into mercy; and no other change is meant by God's repentance. Our case is awful when the outward church is considered. When nations professing Christianity, are so guilty as we are, no wonder if the Lord brings them low for their sins. Unless there is general and deep repentance, there can be no prospect but of increasing calamities. The psalm concludes with prayer for completing the deliverance of God's people, and praise for the beginning and progress of it. May all the people of the earth, ere long, add their Amen.

Cross References 84

  • 1. Psalms 105:1; Psalms 107:1; Psalms 118:1; Psalms 136:1; Jeremiah 33:11
  • 2. 2 Chronicles 5:13; 2 Chronicles 7:3; Ezra 3:11; Psalms 100:5
  • 3. 1 Chronicles 16:34, 41
  • 4. Psalms 145:4, 12; Psalms 150:2
  • 5. Psalms 15:2
  • 6. Psalms 44:3; Psalms 119:132
  • 7. Psalms 1:3
  • 8. Psalms 118:15
  • 9. Psalms 105:3
  • 10. 1 Kings 8:47; Ezra 9:7; Nehemiah 1:7; Jeremiah 3:25; Daniel 9:5
  • 11. 2 Chronicles 30:7; Nehemiah 9:2; Psalms 78:8, 57; Zechariah 1:4
  • 12. Judges 3:7; Psalms 78:11, 42
  • 13. Exodus 14:11, 12; Psalms 78:17
  • 14. Ezekiel 20:9
  • 15. Exodus 9:16
  • 16. Psalms 18:15; Psalms 78:13; Isaiah 50:2; Nahum 1:4
  • 17. Exodus 14:21; Isaiah 51:10
  • 18. Isaiah 63:11-13
  • 19. Exodus 14:30
  • 20. Psalms 78:42; Psalms 107:2
  • 21. Exodus 14:27, 28; Exodus 15:5; Psalms 78:53
  • 22. Exodus 14:31
  • 23. Exodus 15:1-21; Psalms 105:43
  • 24. Exodus 15:24; Exodus 16:2; Exodus 17:2
  • 25. Psalms 107:11
  • 26. Numbers 11:4; Psalms 78:18; 1 Corinthians 10:6
  • 27. Exodus 17:2; 1 Corinthians 10:9
  • 28. Numbers 11:31; Psalms 78:29
  • 29. Isaiah 10:16
  • 30. Numbers 16:1-3
  • 31. Numbers 16:32; Deuteronomy 11:6
  • 32. Numbers 16:35
  • 33. Exodus 32:4; Deuteronomy 9:8; Acts 7:41
  • 34. Jeremiah 2:11; Romans 1:23
  • 35. Psalms 78:11; Psalms 106:7, 13
  • 36. Deuteronomy 10:21
  • 37. Psalms 105:27
  • 38. Exodus 32:10; Deuteronomy 9:14; Ezekiel 20:8, 13
  • 39. Exodus 32:11-14; Deuteronomy 9:25-29
  • 40. Numbers 14:31
  • 41. Deuteronomy 8:7; Jeremiah 3:19; Ezekiel 20:6
  • 42. Deuteronomy 1:32; Deuteronomy 9:23; Hebrews 3:19
  • 43. Numbers 14:2; Deuteronomy 1:27
  • 44. Numbers 14:28-35; Psalms 95:11; Ezekiel 20:15; Hebrews 3:11
  • 45. Deuteronomy 4:27
  • 46. Leviticus 26:33; Psalms 44:11
  • 47. Numbers 25:3; Deuteronomy 4:3; Hosea 9:10
  • 48. Numbers 25:2
  • 49. Numbers 25:4
  • 50. Numbers 25:7
  • 51. Numbers 25:8
  • 52. Genesis 15:6; Numbers 25:11-13
  • 53. Numbers 20:2-13; Psalms 81:7; Psalms 95:9
  • 54. Numbers 20:12
  • 55. Numbers 20:3, 10; Psalms 78:40; Psalms 107:11
  • 56. Judg 1:21, 27-36
  • 57. Deuteronomy 7:2, 16
  • 58. Judges 3:5, 6
  • 59. Judges 2:12
  • 60. Deuteronomy 7:16
  • 61. Deuteronomy 12:31; Deuteronomy 32:17; 2 Kings 16:3; 2 Kings 17:17; Ezekiel 16:20, 21; 1 Corinthians 10:20
  • 62. Leviticus 17:7
  • 63. Psalms 94:21
  • 64. Deuteronomy 18:10
  • 65. Numbers 35:33; Isaiah 24:5; Jeremiah 3:1, 2
  • 66. Leviticus 18:24; Ezekiel 20:18
  • 67. Leviticus 17:7; Numbers 15:39; Judges 2:17; Hosea 4:12
  • 68. Judges 2:14; Psalms 78:59
  • 69. Leviticus 26:30; Deuteronomy 32:19
  • 70. Deuteronomy 9:29; Deuteronomy 32:9
  • 71. Judges 2:14; Nehemiah 9:27
  • 72. Judges 4:3; Judges 10:12
  • 73. Judges 2:16-18
  • 74. Psalms 81:12
  • 75. Judges 6:6
  • 76. Judges 3:9; Judges 6:7; Judges 10:10
  • 77. Leviticus 26:42; Psalms 105:8
  • 78. Judges 2:18
  • 79. Psalms 69:16
  • 80. 1 Kings 8:50; 2 Chronicles 30:9; Ezra 9:9; Nehemiah 1:11; Jeremiah 42:12
  • 81. 1 Chronicles 16:35, 36
  • 82. Psalms 147:2
  • 83. Psalms 47:1
  • 84. Psalms 41:13; Psalms 72:18; Psalms 89:52

Footnotes 32

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 106

This psalm is without the name of its author, as the Syriac interpreter observes. Aben Ezra, on Ps 106:47, says, that one of the wise men of Egypt (perhaps Maimonides) was of opinion that it was written in the time of the judges, when there was no king in Israel; and another, he says, thought it was written in Babylon: but he was of opinion it was wrote under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, or by a prophetic spirit, concerning their present captivity; and so Kimchi. The petition in Ps 106:47, "gather us from among the Heathen", has led most interpreters to conclude that it was written either in the Babylonish captivity, or, as some, in the times of Antiochus: but by comparing it with 1Ch 16:7, it appears that it was written by David, at the time of the bringing up of the ark to Zion; since the first and two last verses of it are there expressly mentioned, in the psalm he gave Asaph to sing on that occasion, Ps 106:34-36, who therein might have respect to the Israelites that had been taken captive by some of their neighbours, as the Philistines, and still retained; though there is no difficulty in supposing that David, under a prophetic spirit, foresaw future captivities, and represents those that were in them. As the preceding psalm treats of the mercies and favours God bestowed upon Israel, this of their sins and provocations amidst those blessings, and of the goodness of God unto them; that notwithstanding he did not destroy them from being a people; for which they had reason to be thankful.

Psalms 106 Commentaries