Psalms 119

Meditations and Prayers Relating to the Law of God.



1 How blessed are those whose way is 1blameless, Who 2walk in the law of the LORD.
2 How blessed are those who 3observe His testimonies, Who 4seek Him 5with all their heart.
3 They also 6do no unrighteousness; They walk in His ways.
4 You have 7ordained Your precepts, That we should keep them diligently.
5 Oh that my 8ways may be established To 9keep Your statutes!
6 Then I 10shall not be ashamed When I look upon all Your commandments.
7 I shall 11give thanks to You with uprightness of heart, When I learn Your righteous judgments.
8 I shall keep Your statutes; Do not 12forsake me utterly *! Beth.


9 How can a young man keep his way pure? By 13keeping it according to Your word.
10 With 14all my heart I have sought You; Do not let me 15wander from Your commandments.
11 Your word I have 16treasured in my heart, That I may not sin against You.
12 Blessed are You, O LORD; 17Teach me Your statutes.
13 With my lips I have 18told of All the 19ordinances of Your mouth.
14 I have 20rejoiced in the way of Your testimonies, As much as in all riches.
15 I will 21meditate on Your precepts And regard 22Your ways.
16 I shall 23delight in Your statutes; I shall 24not forget Your word. Gimel.


17 25Deal bountifully with Your servant, That I may live and keep Your word.
18 Open my eyes, that I may behold Wonderful things from Your law.
19 I am a 26stranger in the earth; Do not hide Your commandments from me.
20 My soul is crushed 27with longing After Your ordinances at all times.
21 You 28rebuke the arrogant, the 29cursed, Who 30wander from Your commandments.
22 31Take away reproach and contempt from me, For I 32observe Your testimonies.
23 Even though 33princes sit and talk against me, Your servant 34meditates on Your statutes.
24 Your testimonies also are my 35delight; They are my counselors *. Daleth.


25 My 36soul cleaves to the dust; 37Revive me 38according to Your word.
26 I have told of my ways, and You have answered me; 39Teach me Your statutes.
27 Make me understand the way of Your precepts, So I will 40meditate on Your wonders.
28 My 41soul weeps because of grief; 42Strengthen me according to Your word.
29 Remove the false way from me, And graciously grant me Your law.
30 I have chosen the faithful way; I have placed Your ordinances before me.
31 I 43cling to Your testimonies; O LORD, do not put me to shame!
32 I shall run the way of Your commandments, For You will 44enlarge my heart. He.


33 45Teach me, O LORD, the way of Your statutes, And I shall observe it to the end.
34 46Give me understanding, that I may 47observe Your law And keep it 48with all my heart.
35 Make me walk in the 49path of Your commandments, For I 50delight in it.
36 51Incline my heart to Your testimonies And not to 52dishonest gain.
37 Turn away my 53eyes from looking at vanity, And 54revive me in Your ways.
38 55Establish Your word to Your servant, As that which produces reverence for You.
39 56Turn away my reproach which I dread, For Your ordinances are good.
40 Behold, I 57long for Your precepts; Revive me through Your righteousness. Vav.


41 May Your 58lovingkindnesses also come to me, O LORD, Your salvation 59according to Your word;
42 So I will have an 60answer * for him who 61reproaches me, For I trust in Your word.
43 And do not take the word of truth utterly * out of my mouth, For I 62wait for Your ordinances.
44 So I will 63keep Your law continually, Forever and ever.
45 And I will 64walk at liberty, For I 65seek Your precepts.
46 I will also speak of Your testimonies 66before kings And shall not be ashamed.
47 I shall 67delight in Your commandments, Which I 68love.
48 And I shall lift up my hands to Your commandments, Which I 69love; And I will 70meditate on Your statutes. Zayin.


49 Remember the word to Your servant, In which You have made me hope.
50 This is my 71comfort in my affliction, That Your word has revived me.
51 The arrogant 72utterly * deride me, Yet I do not 73turn aside from Your law.
52 I have 74remembered Your ordinances from of old, O LORD, And comfort myself.
53 Burning 75indignation has seized me because of the wicked, Who 76forsake Your law.
54 Your statutes are my songs In the house of my 77pilgrimage.
55 O LORD, I 78remember Your name 79in the night, And keep Your law.
56 This has become mine, That I 80observe Your precepts. Heth.


57 The LORD is my 81portion; I have promised to 82keep Your words.
58 I 83sought Your favor 84with all my heart; 85Be gracious to me 86according to Your word.
59 I 87considered my ways And turned my feet to Your testimonies.
60 I hastened and did not delay To keep Your commandments.
61 The 88cords of the wicked have encircled me, But I have 89not forgotten Your law.
62 At 90midnight * I shall rise to give thanks to You Because of Your 91righteous ordinances.
63 I am a 92companion of all those who fear You, And of those who keep Your precepts.
64 93The earth is full of Your lovingkindness, O LORD; 94Teach me Your statutes. Teth.


65 You have dealt well with Your servant, O LORD, according to Your word.
66 Teach me good 95discernment and knowledge, For I believe in Your commandments.
67 96Before I was afflicted I went astray, But now I keep Your word.
68 You are 97good and 98do good; 99Teach me Your statutes.
69 The arrogant have 100forged a lie against me; With all my heart I will 101observe Your precepts.
70 Their heart is 102covered with fat, But I 103delight in Your law.
71 It is 104good for me that I was afflicted, That I may learn Your statutes.
72 The 105law of Your mouth is better to me Than thousands of gold and silver pieces. Yodh.


73 106Your hands made me and fashioned me; 107Give me understanding, that I may learn Your commandments.
74 May those who fear You 108see me and be glad, Because I 109wait for Your word.
75 I know, O LORD, that Your judgments are 110righteous, And that 111in faithfulness You have afflicted me.
76 O may Your lovingkindness comfort me, According to Your word to Your servant.
77 May 112Your compassion come to me that I may live, For Your law is my 113delight.
78 May 114the arrogant be ashamed, for they subvert me 115with a lie; But I shall 116meditate on Your precepts.
79 May those who fear You turn to me, Even those who know Your testimonies.
80 May my heart be 117blameless in Your statutes, So that I will not 118be ashamed. Kaph.


81 My 119soul languishes for Your salvation; I 120wait for Your word.
82 My 121eyes fail with longing for Your word, While I say, "When will You comfort me?"
83 Though I have 122become like a wineskin in the smoke, I do 123not forget Your statutes.
84 How many are the 124days of Your servant? When will You 125execute judgment on those who persecute me?
85 The arrogant have 126dug pits for me, Men who are not in accord with Your law.
86 All Your commandments are 127faithful; They have 128persecuted me with a lie; 129help me!
87 They almost destroyed me on earth, But as for me, I 130did not forsake Your precepts.
88 Revive me according to Your lovingkindness, So that I may keep the testimony of Your mouth. Lamedh.


89 131Forever, O LORD, Your word is settled in heaven.
90 Your 132faithfulness continues throughout all generations; You 133established the earth, and it 134stands.
91 They stand this day according to Your 135ordinances, For 136all things are Your servants.
92 If Your law had not been my 137delight, Then I would have perished 138in my affliction.
93 I will 139never * forget Your precepts, For by them You have 140revived me.
94 I am Yours, 141save me; For I have 142sought Your precepts.
95 The wicked 143wait for me to destroy me; I shall diligently consider Your testimonies.
96 I have seen a limit to all perfection; Your commandment is exceedingly broad. Mem.


97 O how I 144love Your law! It is my 145meditation all the day.
98 Your 146commandments make me wiser than my enemies, For they are ever mine.
99 I have more insight than all my teachers, For Your testimonies are my 147meditation.
100 I understand 148more than the aged, Because I have 149observed Your precepts.
101 I have 150restrained my feet from every evil way, That I may keep Your word.
102 I have not 151turned aside from Your ordinances, For You Yourself have taught me.
103 How 152sweet are Your words to my taste! Yes, sweeter than honey to my mouth!
104 From Your precepts I 153get understanding; Therefore * I 154hate every false way. Nun.


105 Your word is a 155lamp to my feet And a light to my path.
106 I have 156sworn and I will confirm it, That I will keep Your righteous ordinances.
107 I am exceedingly * 157afflicted; 158Revive me, O LORD, according to Your word.
108 O accept the 159freewill offerings of my mouth, O LORD, And 160teach me Your ordinances.
109 My 161life is continually in my hand, Yet I do not 162forget Your law.
110 The wicked have 163laid a snare for me, Yet I have not 164gone astray from Your precepts.
111 I have 165inherited Your testimonies forever, For they are the 166joy of my heart.
112 I have 167inclined my heart to perform Your statutes Forever, even 168to the end. Samekh.


113 I hate those who are 169double-minded, But I love Your 170law.
114 You are my 171hiding place and my 172shield; I 173wait for Your word.
115 174Depart from me, evildoers, That I may 175observe the commandments of my God.
116 176Sustain me according to Your word, that I may live; And 177do not let me be ashamed of my hope.
117 Uphold me that I may be 178safe, That I may 179have regard for Your statutes continually.
118 You have rejected all those 180who wander from Your statutes, For their deceitfulness is useless.
119 You have removed all the wicked of the earth like 181dross; Therefore I 182love Your testimonies.
120 My flesh 183trembles for fear of You, And I am 184afraid of Your judgments. Ayin.


121 I have 185done justice and righteousness; Do not leave me to my oppressors.
122 Be 186surety for Your servant for good; Do not let the arrogant 187oppress me.
123 My 188eyes fail with longing for Your salvation And for Your righteous word.
124 Deal with Your servant 189according to Your lovingkindness And 190teach me Your statutes.
125 191I am Your servant; 192give me understanding, That I may know Your testimonies.
126 It is time for the LORD to 193act, For they have broken Your law.
127 Therefore * I 194love Your commandments Above gold, yes, above fine gold.
128 Therefore * I esteem right all Your 195precepts concerning everything, I 196hate every false way. Pe.


129 Your testimonies are 197wonderful; Therefore * my soul 198observes them.
130 The 199unfolding of Your words gives light; It gives 200understanding to the simple.
131 I 201opened my mouth wide and 202panted, For I 203longed for Your commandments.
132 204Turn to me and be gracious to me, After Your manner with those who love Your name.
133 Establish my 205footsteps in Your word, And do not let any iniquity 206have dominion over me.
134 207Redeem me from the oppression of man, That I may keep Your precepts.
135 208Make Your face shine upon Your servant, And 209teach me Your statutes.
136 My eyes shed 210streams of water, Because they 211do not keep Your law. Tsadhe.


137 212Righteous are You, O LORD, And upright are Your judgments.
138 You have commanded Your testimonies in 213righteousness And exceeding 214faithfulness.
139 My 215zeal has consumed me, Because my adversaries have forgotten Your words.
140 Your 216word is very pure, Therefore Your servant 217loves it.
141 I am small and 218despised, Yet I do not 219forget Your precepts.
142 Your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, And 220Your law is truth.
143 Trouble and anguish have come upon me, Yet Your commandments are my 221delight.
144 Your 222testimonies are righteous forever; 223Give me understanding that I may live. Qoph.


145 I cried 224with all my heart; answer me, O LORD! I will 225observe Your statutes.
146 I cried to You; 226save me And I shall keep Your testimonies.
147 I 227rise before dawn and cry for help; I wait for Your words.
148 My eyes anticipate the 228night watches, That I may 229meditate on Your word.
149 Hear my voice 230according to Your lovingkindness; 231Revive me, O LORD, according to Your ordinances.
150 Those who follow after wickedness draw near; They are far from Your law.
151 You are 232near, O LORD, And all Your commandments are 233truth.
152 Of old I have 234known from Your testimonies That You have founded them 235forever. Resh.


153 236Look upon my 237affliction and rescue me, For I do not 238forget Your law.
154 239Plead my cause and 240redeem me; Revive me according to Your word.
155 Salvation is 241far from the wicked, For they 242do not seek Your statutes.
156 243Great are Your mercies, O LORD; Revive me according to Your ordinances.
157 Many are my 244persecutors and my adversaries, Yet I do not 245turn aside from Your testimonies.
158 I behold the 246treacherous and 247loathe them, Because they do not keep Your word.
159 Consider how I 248love Your precepts; 249Revive me, O LORD, according to Your lovingkindness.
160 The 250sum of Your word is 251truth, And every one of Your righteous ordinances 252is everlasting. Shin.


161 253Princes persecute me without cause, But my heart 254stands in awe of Your words.
162 I 255rejoice at Your word, As one who 256finds great spoil.
163 I 257hate and despise falsehood, But I 258love Your law.
164 Seven times a day I praise You, Because of Your 259righteous ordinances.
165 Those who love Your law have 260great peace, And 261nothing causes them to stumble.
166 I 262hope for Your salvation, O LORD, And do Your commandments.
167 My 263soul keeps Your testimonies, And I 264love them exceedingly.
168 I 265keep Your precepts and Your testimonies, For all my 266ways are before You. Tav.


169 Let my 267cry come before You, O LORD; 268Give me understanding 269according to Your word.
170 Let my 270supplication come before You; 271Deliver me according to Your word.
171 Let my 272lips utter praise, For You 273teach me Your statutes.
172 Let my 274tongue sing of Your word, For all Your 275commandments are righteousness.
173 Let Your 276hand be ready to help me, For I have 277chosen Your precepts.
174 I 278long for Your salvation, O LORD, And Your law is my 279delight.
175 Let my 280soul live that it may praise You, And let Your ordinances help me.
176 I have 281gone astray like a lost sheep; seek Your servant, For I do 282not forget Your commandments.

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Psalms 119 Commentary

Chapter 119

The general scope and design of this psalm is to magnify the Divine law, and make it honourable. There are ten words by which Divine revelation is called in this psalm, and each expresses what God expects from us, and what we may expect from him. 1. God's law; this is enacted by him as our Sovereign. 2. His way; this is the rule of his providence. 3. His testimonies; they are solemnly declared to the world. 4. His commandments; given with authority. 5. His precepts; not left as indifferent matters to us. 6. His word, or saying; it is the declaration of his mind. 7. His judgments; framed in infinite wisdom. 8. His righteousness; it is the rule and standard of what is right. 9. His statutes; they are always binding. 10. His truth or faithfulness; it is eternal truth, it shall endure for ever.

Verses 1-8 This psalm may be considered as the statement of a believer's experience. As far as our views, desires, and affections agree with what is here expressed, they come from the influences of the Holy Spirit, and no further. The pardoning mercy of God in Christ, is the only source of a sinner's happiness. And those are most happy, who are preserved most free from the defilement of sin, who simply believe God's testimonies, and depend on his promises. If the heart be divided between him and the world, it is evil. But the saints carefully avoid all sin; they are conscious of much evil that clogs them in the ways of God, but not of that wickedness which draws them out of those ways. The tempter would make men think they are at them out of those ways. The tempter would make men think they are at liberty to follow the word of God or not, as they please. But the desire and prayer of a good man agree with the will and command of God. If a man expects by obedience in one thing to purchase indulgence for disobedience in others, his hypocrisy will be detected; if he is not ashamed in this world, everlasting shame will be his portion. The psalmist coveted to learn the laws of God, to give God the glory. And believers see that if God forsakes them, the temper will be too hard for them.

Verses 9-16 To original corruption all have added actual sin. The ruin of the young is either living by no rule at all, or choosing false rules: let them walk by Scripture rules. To doubt of our own wisdom and strength, and to depend upon God, proves the purpose of holiness is sincere. God's word is treasure worth laying up, and there is no laying it up safe but in our hearts, that we may oppose God's precepts to the dominion of sin, his promises to its allurements, and his threatenings to its violence. Let this be our plea with Him to teach us his statutes, that, being partakers of his holiness, we may also partake of his blessedness. And those whose hearts are fed with the bread of life, should with their lips feed many. In the way of God's commandments there is the unsearchable riches of Christ. But we do not meditate on God's precepts to good purpose, unless our good thoughts produce good works. I will not only think of thy statutes, but do them with delight. And it will be well to try the sincerity of our obedience by tracing the spring of it; the reality of our love by cheerfulness in appointed duties.

Verses 17-24 If God deals in strict justice with us, we all perish. We ought to spend our lives in his service; we shall find true life in keeping his word. Those that would see the wondrous things of God's law and gospel, must beg him to give them understanding, by the light of his Spirit. Believers feel themselves strangers on earth; they fear missing their way, and losing comfort by erring from God's commandments. Every sanctified soul hungers after the word of God, as food which there is no living without. There is something of pride at the bottom of every wilful sin. God can silence lying lips; reproach and contempt may humble and do us good, and then they shall be removed. Do we find the weight of the cross is above that we are able to bear? He that bore it for us will enable us to bear it; upheld by him we cannot sink. It is sad when those who should protect the innocent, are their betrayers. The psalmist went on in duty, and he found comfort in the word of God. The comforts of the word of God are most pleasant to a gracious soul, when other comforts are made bitter; and those that would have God's testimonies to be their delight, must be advised by them. May the Lord direct us in exercising repentance of sin, and faith in Christ.

Verses 25-32 While the souls of the children of this world cleave to the earth as their portion, the children of light are greatly burdened, because of the remains of carnal affections in their hearts. It is unspeakable comfort to a gracious soul, to think with what tenderness all its complaints are received by a gracious God. We can talk of the wonders of redeeming love, when we understand the way of God's precepts, and walk in that way. The penitent melts in sorrow for sin: even the patient spirit may melt in the sense of affliction, it is then its interest to pour out its soul before God. The way of lying means all false ways by which men deceive themselves and others, or are deceived by Satan and his instruments. Those who know and love the law of the Lord, desire to know it more, and love it better. The way of serious godliness is the way of truth; the only true way to happiness: we must always have actual regard to it. Those who stick to the word of God, may in faith expect and pray for acceptance with God. Lord, never leave me to do that by which I shall shame myself, and do not thou reject my services. Those that are going to heaven, should still press forward. God, by his Spirit, enlarges the hearts of his people when he gives them wisdom. The believer prays to be set free from sin.

Verses 33-40 Teach me thy statutes, not the mere words, but the way of applying them to myself. God, by his Spirit, gives a right understanding. But the Spirit of revelation in the word will not suffice, unless we have the Spirit of wisdom in the heart. God puts his Spirit within us, causing us to walk in his statutes. The sin here prayed against is covetousness. Those that would have the love of God rooted in them, must get the love of the world rooted out; for the friendship of the world is enmity with God. Quicken me in thy way; to redeem time, and to do every duty with liveliness of spirit. Beholding vanity deadens us, and slackens our pace; a traveller must not stand gazing upon every object that presents itself to his view. The promises of God's word greatly relate to the preservation of the true believer. When Satan has drawn a child of God into worldly compliances, he will reproach him with the falls into which he led him. Victory must come from the cross of Christ. When we enjoy the sweetness of God's precepts, it will make us long for more acquaintance with them. And where God has wrought to will, he will work to do.

Verses 41-48 Lord, I have by faith thy mercies in view; let me by prayer prevail to obtain them. And when the salvation of the saints is completed, it will plainly appear that it was not in vain to trust in God's word. We need to pray that we may never be afraid or ashamed to own God's truths and ways before men. And the psalmist resolves to keep God's law, in a constant course of obedience, without backsliding. The service of sin is slavery; the service of God is liberty. There is no full happiness, or perfect liberty, but in keeping God's law. We must never be ashamed or afraid to own our religion. The more delight we take in the service of God, the nearer we come to perfection. Not only consent to his law as good, but take pleasure in it as good for us. Let me put forth all the strength I have, to do it. Something of this mind of Christ is in every true disciple.

Verses 49-56 Those that make God's promises their portion, may with humble boldness make them their plea. He that by his Spirit works faith in us, will work for us. The word of God speaks comfort in affliction. If, through grace, it makes us holy, there is enough in it to make us easy, in all conditions. Let us be certain we have the Divine law for what we believe, and then let not scoffers prevail upon us to decline from it. God's judgments of old comfort and encourage us, for he is still the same. Sin is horrible in the eyes of all that are sanctified. Ere long the believer will be absent from the body, and present with the Lord. In the mean time, the statutes of the Lord supply subjects for grateful praise. In the season of affliction, and in the silent hours of the night, he remembers the name of the Lord, and is stirred up to keep the law. All who have made religion the first thing, will own that they have been unspeakable gainers by it.

Verses 57-64 True believers take the Lord for the portion of their inheritance, and nothing less will satisfy them. The psalmist prayed with his whole heart, knowing how to value the blessing he prayed for: he desired the mercy promised, and depended on the promise for it. He turned from by-paths, and returned to God's testimonies. He delayed not. It behoves sinners to hasten to escape; and the believer will be equally in haste to glorify God. No care or grief should take away God's word out of our minds, or hinder the comfort it bestows. There is no situation on earth in which a believer has not cause to be thankful. Let us feel ashamed that others are more willing to keep from sleep to spend the time in sinful pleasures, than we are to praise God. And we should be more earnest in prayer, that our hearts may be filled with his mercy, grace, and peace.

Verses 65-72 However God has dealt with us, he has dealt with us better than we deserve; and all in love, and for our good. Many have knowledge, but little judgment; those who have both, are fortified against the snares of Satan, and furnished for the service of God. We are most apt to wander from God, when we are easy in the world. We should leave our concerns to the disposal of God, seeing we know not what is good for us. Lord, thou art our bountiful Benefactor; incline our hearts to faith and obedience. The psalmist will go on in his duty with constancy and resolution. The proud are full of the world, and its wealth and pleasures; these make them senseless, secure, and stupid. God visits his people with affliction, that they may learn his statutes. Not only God's promises, but even his law, his percepts, though hard to ungodly men, are desirable, and profitable, because they lead us with safety and delight unto eternal life.

Verses 73-80 God made us to serve him, and enjoy him; but by sin we have made ourselves unfit to serve him, and to enjoy him. We ought, therefore, continually to beseech him, by his Holy Spirit, to give us understanding. The comforts some have in God, should be matter of joy to others. But it is easy to own, that God's judgments are right, until it comes to be our own case. All supports under affliction must come from mercy and compassion. The mercies of God are tender mercies; the mercies of a father, the compassion of a mother to her son. They come to us when we are not able to go to them. Causeless reproach does not hurt, and should not move us. The psalmist could go on in the way of his duty, and find comfort in it. He valued the good will of saints, and was desirous to keep up his communion with them. Soundness of heart signifies sincerity in dependence on God, and devotedness to him.

Verses 81-88 The psalmist sought deliverance from his sins, his foes, and his fears. Hope deferred made him faint; his eyes failed by looking out for this expected salvation. But when the eyes fail, yet faith must not. His affliction was great. He was become like a leathern bottle, which, if hung up in the smoke, is dried and shrivelled up. We must ever be mindful of God's statutes. The days of the believer's mourning shall be ended; they are but for a moment, compared with eternal happiness. His enemies used craft as well as power for his ruin, in contempt of the law of God. The commandments of God are true and faithful guides in the path of peace and safety. We may best expect help from God when, like our Master, we do well and suffer for it. Wicked men may almost consume the believer upon earth, but he would sooner forsake all than forsake the word of the Lord. We should depend upon the grace of God for strength to do every good work. The surest token of God's good-will toward us, is his good work in us.

Verses 89-96 The settling of God's word in heaven, is opposed to the changes and revolutions of the earth. And the engagements of God's covenant are established more firmly than the earth itself. All the creatures answer the ends of their creation: shall man, who alone is endued with reason, be the only unprofitable burden of the earth? We may make the Bible a pleasant companion at any time. But the word, without the grace of God, would not quicken us. See the best help for bad memories, namely, good affections; and though the exact words be lost, if the meaning remain, that is well. I am thine, not my own, not the world's; save me from sin, save me from ruin. The Lord will keep the man in peace, whose mind is stayed on him. It is poor perfection which one sees and end of. Such are all things in this world, which pass for perfections. The glory of man is but as the flower of the grass. The psalmist had seen the fulness of the word of God, and its sufficiency. The word of the Lord reaches to all cases, to all times. It will take us from all confidence in man, or in our own wisdom, strength, and righteousness. Thus shall we seek comfort and happiness from Christ alone.

Verses 97-104 What we love, we love to think of. All true wisdom is from God. A good man carries his Bible with him, if not in his hands, yet in his head and in his heart. By meditation on God's testimonies we understand more than our teachers, when we understand our own hearts. The written word is a more sure guide to heaven, than all the fathers, the teachers, and ancients of the church. We cannot, with any comfort or boldness, attend God in holy duties, while under guilt, or in any by-way. It was Divine grace in his heart, that enabled the psalmist to receive these instructions. The soul has its tastes as well as the body. Our relish for the word of God will be greatest, when that for the world and the flesh is least. The way of sin is a wrong way; and the more understanding we get by the precepts of God, the more rooted will be our hatred of sin; and the more ready we are in the Scriptures, the better furnished we are with answers to temptation.

Verses 105-112 The word of God directs us in our work and way, and a dark place indeed the world would be without it. The commandment is a lamp kept burning with the oil of the Spirit, as a light to direct us in the choice of our way, and the steps we take in that way. The keeping of God's commands here meant, was that of a sinner under a dispensation of mercy, of a believer having part in the covenant of grace. The psalmist is often afflicted; but with longing desires to become more holy, offers up daily prayers for quickening grace. We cannot offer any thing to God, that he will accept but what he is pleased to teach us to do. To have our soul or life continually in our hands, implies constant danger of life; yet he did not forget God's promises nor his precepts. Numberless are the snares laid by the wicked; and happy is that servant of God, whom they have not caused to err from his Master's precepts. Heavenly treasures are a heritage for ever; all the saints accept them as such, therefore they can be content with little of this world. We must look for comfort only in the way of duty, and that duty must be done. A good man, by the grace of God, brings his heart to his work, then it is done well.

Verses 113-120 Here is a dread of the risings of sin, and the first beginnings of it. The more we love the law of God, the more watchful we shall be, lest vain thoughts draw us from what we love. Would we make progress in keeping God's commands, we must be separate from evil-doers. The believer could not live without the grace of God; but, supported by his hand, his spiritual life shall be maintained. Our holy security is grounded on Divine supports. All departure from God's statutes is error, and will prove fatal. Their cunning is falsehood. There is a day coming which will put the wicked into everlasting fire, the fit place for the dross. See what comes of sin Surely we who fall so low in devout affections, should fear, lest a promise being left us of entering into heavenly rest, any of us should be found to come short of it, ( Hebrews 4:1 ) .

Verses 121-128 Happy is the man, who, acting upon gospel principles, does justice to all around. Christ our Surety, having paid our debt and ransom, secures all the blessings of salvation to every true believer. The psalmist expects the word of God's righteousness, and no other salvation than what is secured by that word, which cannot fall to the ground. We deserve no favour form God; we are most easy when we cast ourselves upon God's mercy, and refer ourselves to it. If any man resolve to do God's will as his servant, he shall be made to know his testimonies. We must do what we can for the support of religion, and, after all, must beg of God to take the work into his own hands. It is hypocrisy to say we love God's commandments more than our worldly interests. The way of sin is a false way, being directly contrary to God's precepts, which are right: those that love and esteem God's law, hate sin, and will not be reconciled to it.

Verses 129-136 The wonders of redeeming love will fix the heart in adoration of them. The Scriptures show us what we were, what we are, and what we shall be. They show us the mercy and the justice of the Lord, the joys of heaven, and the pains of hell. Thus they give to the simple, in a few days, understanding of those matters, which philosophers for ages sought in vain. The believer, wearied with the cares of life and his conflicts with sin, pants for the consolations conveyed to him by means of the sacred word. And every one may pray, Look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me as thou usest to do unto those that love thy name. We must beg that the Holy Spirit would order our steps. The dominion of sin is to be dreaded and prayed against by every one. The oppression of men is often more than flesh and blood can bear; and He who knoweth our frame, will not refuse to remove it in answer to the prayers of his people. Whatever obscurity may appear as to the faith of the Old Testament believers, their confidence at the throne of grace can only be explained by their having obtained more distinct views of gospel privileges, through the sacrifices and services of their law, than is generally imagined. Go to the same place, plead the name and merits of Jesus, and you will not, you cannot plead in vain. Commonly, where there is a gracious heart, there is a weeping eye. Accept, O Lord, the tears our blessed Redeemer shed in the days of his flesh, for us who should weep for our brethren or ourselves.

Verses 137-144 God never did, and never can do wrong to any. The promises are faithfully performed by Him that made them. Zeal against sin should constrain us to do what we can against it, at least to do more in religion ourselves. Our love to the word of God is evidence of our love to God, because it is designed to make us partake his holiness. Men's real excellency always makes them low in their own eyes. When we are small and despised, we have the more need to remember God's precepts, that we may have them to support us. The law of God is the truth, the standard of holiness, the rule of happiness; but the obedience of Christ alone justifies the believer. Sorrows are often the lot of saints in this vale of tears; they are in heaviness through manifold temptations. There are delights in the word of God, which the saints often most sweetly enjoy when in trouble and anguish. This is life eternal, to know God and Jesus Christ whom he has sent, ( John 17:3 ) . May we live the life of faith and grace here, and be removed to the life of glory hereafter.

Verses 145-152 Supplications with the whole heart are presented only by those who desire God's salvation, and who love his commandments. Whither should the child go but to his father? Save me from my sins, my corruptions, my temptations, all the hinderances in my way, that I may keep thy testimonies. Christians who enjoy health, should not suffer the early hours of the morning to glide away unimproved. Hope in God's word encourages us to continue in prayer. It is better to take time from sleep, than not to find time for prayer. We have access to God at all hours; and if our first thoughts in the morning are of God, they will help to keep us in his fear all the day long. Make me lively and cheerful. God knows what we need and what is good for us, and will quicken us. If we are employed in God's service, we need not fear those who try to set themselves as far as they can out of the reach of the convictions and commands of his law. When trouble is near, God is near. He is never far to seek. All his commandments are truth. And God's promises will be performed. All that ever trusted in God have found him faithful.

Verses 153-160 The closer we cleave to the word of God, both as our rule and as our stay, the more assurance we have of deliverance. Christ is the Advocate of his people, their Redeemer. Those who were quickened by his Spirit and grace, when they were dead in trespasses and sins, often need to have the work of grace revived in them, according to the word of promise. The wicked not only do not God's statutes, but they do not even seek them. They flatter themselves that they are going to heaven; but the longer they persist in sin, the further it is from them. God's mercies are tender; they are a fountain that can never be exhausted. The psalmist begs for God's reviving, quickening grace. A man, steady in the way of his duty, though he may have many enemies, needs to fear none. Those that hate sin truly, hate it as sin, as a transgression of the law of God, and a breaking of his word. Our obedience is only pleasing to God, and pleasant to ourselves, when it comes from a principle of love. All, in every age, who receive God's word in faith and love, find every saying in it faithful.

Verses 161-168 Those whose hearts stand in awe of God's word, will rather endure the wrath of man, than break the law of God. By the word of God we are unspeakable gainers. Every man hates to have a lie told him, but we should more hate telling a lie; by the latter we give an affront to God. The more we see the beauty of truth, the more we shall see the hateful deformity of a lie. We are to praise God even for afflictions; through grace we get good from them. Those that love the world have great vexation, for it does not answer what they expect; those that love God's word have great peace, for it outdoes what they expect. Those in whom this holy love reigns, will not perplex themselves with needless scruples, or take offence at their brethren. A good hope of salvation will engage the heart in doing the commandments. And our love to the word of God must subdue our lusts, and root out carnal affections: we must make heart work of it, or we make nothing of it. We must keep the commandments of God by obedience to them, and his promises by reliance on them. God's eye is on us at all times; this should make us very careful to keep his commandments.

Verses 169-176 The psalmist desired grace and strength to lift up his prayers, and that the Lord would receive and notice them. He desired to know more of God in Christ; to know more of the doctrines of the word, and the duties of religion. He had a deep sense of unworthiness, and holy fear that his prayer should not come before God; Lord, what I pray for is, what thou hast promised. We have learned nothing to purpose, if we have not learned to praise God. We should always make the word of God the rule of our discourse, so as never to transgress it by sinful speaking, or sinful silence. His own hands are not sufficient, nor can any creature lend him help; therefore he looks up to God, that the hand that had made him may help him. He had made religion his deliberate choice. There is an eternal salvation all the saints long for, and therefore they pray that God would help their way to it. Let thy judgments help me; let all ordinances and all providences, (both are God's judgments,) further me in glorifying God; let them help me for that work. He often looks back with shame and gratitude to his lost estate. He still prays for the tender care of Him who purchased his flock with his own blood, that he may receive from him the gift of eternal life. Seek me, that is, Find me; for God never seeks in vain. Turn me, and I shall be turned. Let this psalm be a touchstone by which to try our hearts, and our lives. Do our hearts, cleansed in Christ's blood, make these prayers, resolutions and confessions our own? Is God's word the standard of our faith, and the law of our practice? Do we use it as pleas with Christ for what we need? Happy those who live in such delightful exercises.

Cross References 282

  • 1. Psalms 101:2, 6; Proverbs 11:20; Proverbs 13:6
  • 2. Psalms 128:1; Ezekiel 11:20; Ezekiel 18:17; Micah 4:2
  • 3. Psalms 25:10; Psalms 99:7; Psalms 119:22, 168
  • 4. Deuteronomy 4:29; Psalms 119:10
  • 5. Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 10:12; Deuteronomy 11:13; Deuteronomy 13:3; Deuteronomy 30:2
  • 6. 1 John 3:9; 1 John 5:18
  • 7. Deuteronomy 4:13; Nehemiah 9:13
  • 8. Psalms 40:2; Proverbs 4:26
  • 9. Deuteronomy 12:1; 2 Chronicles 7:17
  • 10. Job 22:26; Psalms 119:80
  • 11. Psalms 119:62
  • 12. Psalms 38:21; Psalms 71:9, 18
  • 13. 1 Kings 2:4; 1 Kings 8:25; 2 Chronicles 6:16
  • 14. 2 Chronicles 15:15; Psalms 119:2, 145
  • 15. Psalms 119:21, 118
  • 16. Psalms 37:31; Psalms 40:8; Luke 2:19, 51
  • 17. Ps 119:26, 64, 108, 124, 135, 171
  • 18. Psalms 40:9
  • 19. Psalms 119:72
  • 20. Psalms 119:111, 162
  • 21. Psalms 1:2; Psalms 119:23, 48, 78, 97, 148
  • 22. Psalms 25:4; Psalms 27:11; Isaiah 58:2
  • 23. Psalms 1:2; Psalms 119:24, 35, 47, 70, 77, 92, 143, 174
  • 24. Psalms 119:93
  • 25. Psalms 13:6; Psalms 116:7
  • 26. Genesis 47:9; Leviticus 25:23; 1 Chronicles 29:15; Psalms 39:12; Psalms 119:54; Hebrews 11:13
  • 27. Psalms 42:1, 2; Psalms 63:1; Psalms 84:2; Psalms 119:40, 131
  • 28. Psalms 68:30
  • 29. Deuteronomy 27:26; Psalms 37:22
  • 30. Psalms 119:10, 118
  • 31. Psalms 39:8; Psalms 119:39
  • 32. Psalms 119:2
  • 33. Psalms 119:161
  • 34. Psalms 119:15
  • 35. Psalms 119:16
  • 36. Psalms 44:25
  • 37. Ps 119:37, 40, 88, 93, 107, 149, 154, 156, 159; Psalms 143:11
  • 38. Psalms 119:65
  • 39. Psalms 25:4; Psalms 27:11; Psalms 86:11; Psalms 119:12
  • 40. Psalms 105:2; Psalms 145:5
  • 41. Psalms 22:14; Psalms 107:26
  • 42. Psalms 20:2; 1 Peter 5:10
  • 43. Deuteronomy 11:22
  • 44. 1 Kings 4:29; Isaiah 60:5; 2 Corinthians 6:11, 13
  • 45. Psalms 119:5, 12
  • 46. Ps 119:27, 73, 125, 144, 169
  • 47. 1 Chronicles 22:12; Ezekiel 44:24
  • 48. Psalms 119:2, 69
  • 49. Psalms 25:4; Isaiah 40:14
  • 50. Psalms 112:1; Psalms 119:16
  • 51. 1 Kings 8:58
  • 52. Ezekiel 33:31; Mark 7:21, 22; Luke 12:15; Hebrews 13:5
  • 53. Isaiah 33:15
  • 54. Psalms 71:20; Psalms 119:25
  • 55. 2 Samuel 7:25
  • 56. Psalms 119:22
  • 57. Psalms 119:20
  • 58. Psalms 119:77
  • 59. Ps 119:58, 76, 116, 170
  • 60. Proverbs 27:11
  • 61. Psalms 102:8; Psalms 119:39
  • 62. Ps 119:49, 74, 81, 114, 147
  • 63. Psalms 119:33
  • 64. Proverbs 4:12
  • 65. Psalms 119:94, 155
  • 66. Matthew 10:18; Acts 26:1, 2
  • 67. Psalms 119:16
  • 68. Ps 119:97, 127, 159
  • 69. Ps 119:97, 127, 159
  • 70. Psalms 119:15
  • 71. Job 6:10; Romans 15:4
  • 72. Job 30:1; Jeremiah 20:7
  • 73. Job 23:11; Psalms 44:18; Psalms 119:157
  • 74. Psalms 103:18
  • 75. Exodus 32:19; Ezra 9:3; Nehemiah 13:25; Psalms 119:158
  • 76. Psalms 89:30
  • 77. Genesis 47:9; Psalms 119:19
  • 78. Psalms 63:6
  • 79. Psalms 42:8; Psalms 92:2; Psalms 119:62; Isaiah 26:9; Acts 16:25
  • 80. Ps 119:22, 69, 100
  • 81. Psalms 16:5; Lamentations 3:24
  • 82. Deuteronomy 33:9
  • 83. 1 Kings 13:6
  • 84. Psalms 119:2
  • 85. Psalms 41:4; Psalms 56:1; Psalms 57:1
  • 86. Psalms 119:41
  • 87. Mark 14:72; Luke 15:17
  • 88. Job 36:8; Psalms 140:5
  • 89. Ps 119:83, 141, 153, 176
  • 90. Psalms 119:55
  • 91. Psalms 119:7
  • 92. Psalms 101:6
  • 93. Psalms 33:5
  • 94. Psalms 119:12
  • 95. Philippians 1:9
  • 96. Psalms 119:71, 75; Jeremiah 31:18, 19; Hebrews 12:5-11
  • 97. Psalms 86:5; Psalms 100:5; Psalms 106:1; Psalms 107:1; Matthew 19:17
  • 98. Deuteronomy 8:16; Deuteronomy 28:63; Deuteronomy 30:5; Psalms 125:4
  • 99. Psalms 119:12
  • 100. Job 13:4; Psalms 109:2
  • 101. Psalms 119:56
  • 102. Deuteronomy 32:15; Job 15:27; Psalms 17:10; Isaiah 6:10; Jeremiah 5:28; Acts 28:27
  • 103. Psalms 119:16
  • 104. Psalms 119:67, 75
  • 105. Psalms 19:10; Psalms 119:127; Prov 8:10, 11, 19
  • 106. Job 10:8; Job 31:15; Psalms 100:3; Psalms 138:8; Psalms 139:15, 16
  • 107. Psalms 119:34
  • 108. Psalms 34:2; Psalms 35:27; Psalms 107:42
  • 109. Psalms 119:43
  • 110. Psalms 119:138
  • 111. Hebrews 12:10
  • 112. Psalms 119:41
  • 113. Psalms 119:16
  • 114. Jeremiah 50:32
  • 115. Psalms 119:86
  • 116. Psalms 119:15
  • 117. Psalms 119:1
  • 118. Psalms 119:46
  • 119. Psalms 84:2
  • 120. Psalms 119:43
  • 121. Psalms 69:3; Psalms 119:123; Isaiah 38:14; Lamentations 2:11
  • 122. Job 30:30
  • 123. Psalms 119:61
  • 124. Psalms 39:4
  • 125. Revelation 6:10
  • 126. Psalms 7:15; Psalms 35:7; Psalms 57:6; Jeremiah 18:22
  • 127. Psalms 119:138
  • 128. Psalms 35:19; Psalms 119:78, 161
  • 129. Psalms 109:26
  • 130. Isaiah 58:2
  • 131. Psalms 89:2; Psalms 119:160; Isaiah 40:8; Matthew 24:35; 1 Peter 1:25
  • 132. Psalms 36:5; Psalms 89:1, 2
  • 133. Psalms 148:6
  • 134. Ecclesiastes 1:4
  • 135. Jeremiah 31:35; Jeremiah 33:25
  • 136. Psalms 104:2-4
  • 137. Psalms 119:16
  • 138. Psalms 119:50
  • 139. Psalms 119:16, 83
  • 140. Psalms 119:25
  • 141. Psalms 119:146
  • 142. Psalms 119:45
  • 143. Psalms 40:14; Isaiah 32:7
  • 144. Ps 119:47, 48, 127, 163, 165
  • 145. Psalms 1:2; Psalms 119:15
  • 146. Deuteronomy 4:6; Psalms 119:130
  • 147. Psalms 119:15
  • 148. Job 32:7-9
  • 149. Psalms 119:22, 56
  • 150. Proverbs 1:15
  • 151. Deuteronomy 17:20; Joshua 23:6; 1 Kings 15:5
  • 152. Psalms 19:10; Proverbs 8:11; Proverbs 24:13, 14
  • 153. Psalms 119:130
  • 154. Psalms 119:128
  • 155. Proverbs 6:23
  • 156. Nehemiah 10:29
  • 157. Psalms 119:25, 50
  • 158. Psalms 119:25
  • 159. Hosea 14:2; Hebrews 13:15
  • 160. Psalms 119:12
  • 161. Judges 12:3; Job 13:14
  • 162. Psalms 119:16
  • 163. Psalms 91:3; Psalms 140:5; Psalms 141:9
  • 164. Psalms 119:10
  • 165. Deuteronomy 33:4
  • 166. Psalms 119:14, 162
  • 167. Psalms 119:36
  • 168. Psalms 119:33
  • 169. 1 Kings 18:21; James 1:8; James 4:8
  • 170. Psalms 119:47
  • 171. Psalms 31:20; Psalms 32:7; Psalms 61:4; Psalms 91:1
  • 172. Psalms 84:9
  • 173. Psalms 119:74
  • 174. Psalms 6:8; Psalms 139:19; Matthew 7:23
  • 175. Psalms 119:22
  • 176. Psalms 37:17, 24; Psalms 54:4
  • 177. Psalms 25:2, 20; Psalms 31:1, 17; Romans 5:5; Romans 9:33; Philippians 1:20
  • 178. Psalms 12:5; Proverbs 29:25
  • 179. Psalms 119:6, 15
  • 180. Psalms 119:10, 21
  • 181. Isaiah 1:22, 25; Ezekiel 22:18, 19
  • 182. Psalms 119:47
  • 183. Job 4:14; Habakkuk 3:16
  • 184. Psalms 119:161
  • 185. 2 Samuel 8:15; Job 29:14
  • 186. Job 17:3; Hebrews 7:22
  • 187. Psalms 119:134
  • 188. Psalms 119:82
  • 189. Psalms 51:1; Psalms 106:45; Psalms 109:26; Psalms 119:88, 149, 159
  • 190. Psalms 119:12
  • 191. Psalms 116:16
  • 192. Psalms 119:27
  • 193. Jeremiah 18:23; Ezekiel 31:11
  • 194. Psalms 19:10; Psalms 119:47
  • 195. Psalms 19:8
  • 196. Psalms 119:104
  • 197. Psalms 119:18
  • 198. Psalms 119:22
  • 199. Proverbs 6:23
  • 200. Psalms 19:7
  • 201. Job 29:23; Psalms 81:10
  • 202. Psalms 42:1
  • 203. Psalms 119:20
  • 204. Psalms 25:16; Psalms 106:4
  • 205. Psalms 17:5
  • 206. Psalms 19:13; Romans 6:12
  • 207. Psalms 119:84; Psalms 142:6; Luke 1:74
  • 208. Numbers 6:25; Psalms 4:6; Psalms 31:16; Psalms 67:1; Psalms 80:3, 7, 19
  • 209. Psalms 119:12
  • 210. Jeremiah 9:1, 18; Jeremiah 14:17; Lamentations 3:48
  • 211. Psalms 119:158
  • 212. Ezra 9:15; Nehemiah 9:33; Psalms 116:5; Psalms 129:4; Psalms 145:17; Jeremiah 12:1; Lamentations 1:18; Daniel 9:7, 14
  • 213. Psalms 19:7-9; Psalms 119:144, 172
  • 214. Psalms 119:86, 90
  • 215. Psalms 69:9; John 2:17
  • 216. Psalms 12:6; Psalms 19:8
  • 217. Psalms 119:47
  • 218. Psalms 22:6
  • 219. Psalms 119:61
  • 220. Psalms 19:9; Psalms 119:151, 160
  • 221. Psalms 119:24
  • 222. Psalms 19:9
  • 223. Psalms 119:27
  • 224. Psalms 119:10
  • 225. Psalms 119:22, 55
  • 226. Psalms 3:7
  • 227. Psalms 5:3; Psalms 57:8; Psalms 108:2
  • 228. Psalms 63:6
  • 229. Psalms 119:15
  • 230. Psalms 119:124
  • 231. Psalms 119:25
  • 232. Psalms 34:18; Psalms 145:18; Isaiah 50:8
  • 233. Psalms 119:142
  • 234. Psalms 119:125
  • 235. Psalms 119:89; Luke 21:33
  • 236. Lamentations 5:1
  • 237. Psalms 119:50
  • 238. Psalms 119:16; Proverbs 3:1; Hosea 4:6
  • 239. 1 Samuel 24:15; Psalms 35:1; Micah 7:9
  • 240. Psalms 119:134
  • 241. Job 5:4
  • 242. Psalms 119:45, 94
  • 243. 2 Samuel 24:14
  • 244. Psalms 7:1; Psalms 119:86, 161
  • 245. Psalms 119:51
  • 246. Isaiah 21:2; Isaiah 24:16
  • 247. Psalms 139:21
  • 248. Psalms 119:47
  • 249. Psalms 119:25
  • 250. Psalms 139:17
  • 251. Psalms 119:142
  • 252. Psalms 119:89, 152
  • 253. 1 Samuel 24:11; 1 Samuel 26:18; Psalms 119:23
  • 254. Psalms 119:120
  • 255. Psalms 119:14, 111
  • 256. 1 Samuel 30:16; Isaiah 9:3
  • 257. Psalms 31:6; Psalms 119:104, 128; Proverbs 13:5
  • 258. Psalms 119:47
  • 259. Psalms 119:7, 160
  • 260. Psalms 37:11; Proverbs 3:2; Isaiah 26:3; Isaiah 32:17
  • 261. Proverbs 3:23; Isaiah 63:13; 1 John 2:10
  • 262. Genesis 49:18; Psalms 119:81, 174
  • 263. Psalms 119:129
  • 264. Psalms 119:47
  • 265. Psalms 119:22
  • 266. Job 24:23; Psalms 139:3; Proverbs 5:21
  • 267. Job 16:18; Psalms 18:6; Psalms 102:1
  • 268. Psalms 119:27, 144
  • 269. Psalms 119:65, 154
  • 270. Psalms 28:2; Psalms 130:2; Psalms 140:6; Psalms 143:1
  • 271. Psalms 22:20; Psalms 31:2; Psalms 59:1
  • 272. Psalms 51:15; Psalms 63:3
  • 273. Psalms 94:12; Psalms 119:12; Isaiah 2:3; Micah 4:2
  • 274. Psalms 51:14
  • 275. Psalms 119:138
  • 276. Psalms 37:24; Psalms 73:23
  • 277. Joshua 24:22; Luke 10:42
  • 278. Psalms 119:166
  • 279. Psalms 119:16, 24
  • 280. Isaiah 55:3
  • 281. Isaiah 53:6; Jeremiah 50:6; Matthew 18:12; Luke 15:4
  • 282. Psalms 119:16

Footnotes 77

Chapter Summary


This psalm is generally thought to be written by David, but when is uncertain; very probably towards the decline of life; and, as some think, for the sake or his son Solomon. It seems to be a collection of observations on the word of God and its precepts, the usefulness and excellency of it, he had made in the course of his life; interspersed with various petitions for the grace of God, to enable him to observe it. The psalm is a very extraordinary one; partly on account of the unusual length of it, it being more than double the length of the longest psalm in the whole book; and partly on account of its curious composition. It consists of twenty two parts, according to the number of the letters in the Hebrew alphabet; the names of which letters stand between each part; and every part consists of eight verses, all of which begin with the same letter: thus, for instance, the first eight verses begin with the letter a, "aleph", and the second eight verses begin with the letter b, "beth", and so on throughout; hence the Masorah calls this psalm the Great Alphabet. This the psalmist did, perhaps to excite attention to what he said, and also to help the memory. And it is observable that there are very few verses in the whole, not more than one or two, but what has something in it concerning the word of God, and its precepts and ordinances; there are nine or ten different words used relative to it, which signify much one and the same thing; as laws, statutes, judgments, testimonies Luther {m} observes, that neither Cicero, nor Virgil, nor Demosthenes, are to be compared with David for eloquence, as we see in the hundred nineteenth Psalm, where he divideth one sense and meaning into twenty two sorts. And it may also be remarked, that there is nothing in it concerning the tabernacle worship, or the rites and ceremonies of the legal dispensation; so that it seems to be calculated for, and is suited to, the word of God, and the ordinances of it, as we now have them in their full perfection: and the design of the whole is to show the fervent affection the psalmist had for the word of God, and to stir up the same in others.

{m} Mensal. Colloqu. c. 32. p. 365.

a, \\ALEPH.--The First Part\\.

Psalms 119 Commentaries

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