Psalms 49

The Folly of Trusting in Riches.

1 1Hear this, all peoples; Give ear, all 2inhabitants of the world,
2 Both 3low * and high *, Rich and poor together.
3 My mouth will 4speak wisdom, And the meditation of my heart will be 5understanding.
4 I will incline my ear to 6a proverb; 7I will express my 8riddle on the harp.
5 Why should I 9fear in days of adversity, When the iniquity of my foes surrounds me,
6 Even those who 10trust in their wealth And boast in the abundance of their riches?
7 No man can by any means 11redeem his brother Or give to God a 12ransom for him-
8 For 13the redemption of his soul is costly, And he should cease trying forever -
9 That he should 14live on eternally, That he should not 15undergo decay.
10 For he sees that even 16wise men die; The 17stupid and the senseless alike perish And 18leave their wealth to others.
11 Their 19inner thought is that their houses 20are forever And their dwelling places to all generations; They have 21called their lands after their own names.
12 But 22man in his pomp will not endure; He is like the beasts that perish.
13 This is the 23way of those who are foolish, And of those after them who 24approve their words. Selah.
14 As sheep they are appointed 25for Sheol; Death shall be their shepherd; And the 26upright shall rule over them in the morning, And their form shall be for Sheol 27to consume So that they have no habitation.
15 But God will 28redeem my soul from the power of Sheol, For 29He will receive me. Selah.
16 Do not be afraid 30when a man becomes rich, When the glory of his house is increased;
17 For when he dies he will 31carry nothing * away; His glory will not descend after him.
18 Though while he lives he 32congratulates himself - And though men praise you when you do well for yourself-
19 He shall 33go to the generation of his fathers; They will never * * see 34the light.
20 35Man in his pomp, yet without understanding, Is 36like the beasts that perish.

Psalms 49 Commentary

Chapter 49

A call for attention. (1-5) Folly of worldlings. (6-14) Against fear of death. (15-20)

Verses 1-5 We seldom meet with a more solemn introduction: there is no truth of greater importance. Let all hear this with application to ourselves. The poor are in danger from undue desire toward the wealth of the world, as rich people from undue delight in it. The psalmist begins with applying it to himself, and that is the right method in which to treat of Divine things. Before he sets down the folly of carnal security, he lays down, from his own experience, the benefit and comfort of a holy, gracious security, which they enjoy who trust in God, and not in their worldly wealth. In the day of judgment, the iniquity of our heels, or of our steps, our past sins, will compass us. In those days, worldly, wicked people will be afraid; but wherefore should a man fear death who has God with him?

Verses 6-14 Here is a description of the spirit and way of worldly people. A man may have wealth, and may have his heart enlarged in love, thankfulness, and obedience, and may do good with it. Therefore it is not men's having riches that proves them to be worldly, but their setting their hearts upon them as the best things. Worldly men have only some floating thoughts of the things of God, while their fixed thoughts, their inward thoughts, are about the world; that lies nearest the heart. But with all their wealth they cannot save the life of the dearest friend they have. This looks further, to the eternal redemption to be wrought out by the Messiah. The redemption of the soul shall cost very dear; but, being once wrought, it shall never need to be repeated. And he, the Redeemer, shall rise again before he sees corruption, and then shall live for evermore, Re. 1:18 . This likewise shows the folly of worldly people, who sell their souls for that which will never buy them. With all their wealth they cannot secure themselves from the stroke of death. Yet one generation after another applaud their maxims; and the character of a fool, as drawn by heavenly Wisdom itself, Lu. 12:16-21 , continues to be followed even among professed Christians. Death will ask the proud sinner, Where is thy wealth, thy pomp? And in the morning of the resurrection, when all that sleep in the dust shall awake, the upright shall be advanced to the highest honour, when the wicked shall be filled with everlasting shame and contempt, ( Daniel 12:2 ) . Let us now judge of things as they will appear in that day. The beauty of holiness is that alone which the grave cannot touch, or damage.

Verses 15-20 Believers should not fear death. The distinction of men's outward conditions, how great soever in life, makes none at death; but the difference of men's spiritual states, though in this life it may seem of small account, yet at and after death is very great. The soul is often put for the life. The God of life, who was its Creator at first, can and will be its Redeemer at last. It includes the salvation of the soul from eternal ruin. Believers will be under strong temptation to envy the prosperity of sinners. Men will praise thee, and cry thee up, as having done well for thyself in raising an estate and family. But what will it avail to be approved of men, if God condemn us? Those that are rich in the graces and comforts of the Spirit, have something of which death cannot strip them, nay, which death will improve; but as for worldly possessions, as we brought nothing into the world, so it is certain that we shall carry nothing out; we must leave all to others. The sum of the whole matter is, that it can profit a man nothing to gain the whole world, to become possessed of all its wealth and all its power, if he lose his own soul, and is cast away for want of that holy and heavenly wisdom which distinguishes man from the brutes, in his life and at his death. And are there men who can prefer the lot of the rich sinner to that of poor Lazarus, in life and death, and to eternity? Assuredly there are. What need then we have of the teaching of the Holy Ghost; when, with all our boasted powers, we are prone to such folly in the most important of all concerns!

Cross References 36

  • 1. Psalms 78:1; Isaiah 1:2; Micah 1:2
  • 2. Psalms 33:8
  • 3. Psalms 62:9
  • 4. Psalms 37:30
  • 5. Psalms 119:130
  • 6. Psalms 78:2
  • 7. 2 Kings 3:15
  • 8. Numbers 12:8
  • 9. Psalms 23:4; Psalms 27:1
  • 10. Job 31:24; Psalms 52:7; Proverbs 11:28; Mark 10:24
  • 11. Matthew 25:8, 9
  • 12. Job 36:18, 19
  • 13. Matthew 16:26
  • 14. Psalms 22:29
  • 15. Psalms 16:10; Psalms 89:48
  • 16. Ecclesiastes 2:16
  • 17. Psalms 92:6; Psalms 94:8
  • 18. Psalms 39:6; Ecclesiastes 2:18, 21; Luke 12:20
  • 19. Psalms 64:6
  • 20. Psalms 10:6
  • 21. Genesis 4:17; Deuteronomy 3:14
  • 22. Psalms 49:20
  • 23. Jeremiah 17:11
  • 24. Psalms 49:18
  • 25. Psalms 9:17
  • 26. Daniel 7:18; Malachi 4:3; 1 Corinthians 6:2; Revelation 2:26
  • 27. Job 24:19
  • 28. Psalms 16:10; Psalms 56:13; Hosea 13:14
  • 29. Genesis 5:24; Psalms 16:11; Psalms 73:24
  • 30. Psalms 37:7
  • 31. Psalms 17:14; 1 Timothy 6:7
  • 32. Deuteronomy 29:19; Psalms 10:3, 6; Luke 12:19
  • 33. Genesis 15:15
  • 34. Job 33:30; Psalms 56:13
  • 35. Psalms 49:12
  • 36. Ecclesiastes 3:19

Footnotes 21

Chapter Summary

Psalms 49 Commentaries

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