Revelation 21:12-21

12 It had a great and high wall, 1with twelve 2gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names were written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel.
13 There were three gates on the east and three gates on the north and three gates on the south and three gates on the west.
14 And the wall of the city had 3twelve foundation stones, and on them were the twelve names of the 4twelve apostles of the Lamb.
15 The one who spoke with me had a gold measuring 5rod to measure the city, and its 6gates and its wall.
16 The city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as the width; and he measured the city with the rod, fifteen hundred miles; its length and width and height are equal.
17 And he measured its wall, seventy-two yards, according to 7human measurements, which are also 8angelic measurements.
18 The material of the wall was 9jasper; and the city was 10pure gold, like clear 11glass.
19 12The foundation stones of the city wall were adorned with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation stone was 13jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, 14emerald;
20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, 15sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, jacinth; the twelfth, amethyst.
21 And the twelve 16gates were twelve 17pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was 18pure gold, like transparent 19glass.

Revelation 21:12-21 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter contains an account of the happy state of the church, consisting of all the elect, both Jews and Gentiles, which will take place upon the first resurrection, and will continue during the thousand years' reign mentioned in the preceding chapter. The seat of the church in these happy times will be the new heaven and the new earth, Re 21:1 the church that will dwell there is described by its names, the holy city, and new Jerusalem; by its descent, from heaven; and by its state and ornament, being prepared and adorned as a bride for her husband, Re 21:2 and her happiness is expressed by the presence of God with her, and communion with him enjoyed by her, and by a freedom from all evils endured in the present state of things, Re 21:3,4 after which John hears the voice of him that sat on the throne, declaring himself to be the author of the new heaven and earth; ordering him to write, that what had been said was true and faithful; affirming that things were now done and finished; calling himself the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end: promising grace to the thirsty soul, the inheritance of all things to the overcomer, and also divine sonship; and threatening the second death to sinners, whose characters are given, Re 21:5-8 next John has a vision of the bride before spoken of; the preface to it is in Re 21:9,10 in which is signified that one of the seven angels that had the seven vials talked to him in a very free and familiar manner, and proposed to show him the Lamb's wife; and in order to it carried him to an exceeding high mountain, and showed him the city before mentioned, said to be great, holy, and heavenly; and which is described by the glory of God upon it, and the light that was in it, comparable to a crystal jasper stone, Re 21:11 by its wall, which is great and high; and by its, gates and foundations; its gates are in number twelve, twelve angels at them, and on them written the twelve names of the children of Israel, and these situated three at each point, east, west, north, and south; and its foundations are also twelve, having the names of the twelve apostles on them, Re 21:12-14 by the measure of it, which the angel took with his golden read; of the city, which was twelve thousand furlongs, it being four square, and its length, breadth, and height equal; and of the wall, which was a hundred forty and four cubits, Re 21:15-17 and next the city is described by the matter of which it was built; the wall of jasper the city of pure gold, like to clear glass; the foundations of precious stone, each foundation being of one stone; the gates of pearls, each gate being of one pearl; the street of the city of pure gold, like transparent glass, Re 21:18-21 and then by the temple in it, which is no other than the Lord God and the Lamb; and by the light, which is the same, it having no need of sun or moon, Re 21:22,23 and next by its inhabitants, the nations of the saved ones, who walk in its light, and the kings of the earth, that bring their honour and glory to it; by its safety and security, and by the purity of it, none but undefiled persons, and such who are written in the Lamb's book of life, being admitted into it, Re 21:24-27.

Cross References 19

  • 1. Ezekiel 48:31-34
  • 2. Rev 21:15, 21, 25; Revelation 22:14
  • 3. Hebrews 11:10
  • 4. Acts 1:26
  • 5. Ezekiel 40:3; Revelation 11:1
  • 6. Rev 21:12, 21, 25
  • 7. Deuteronomy 3:11; Revelation 13:18
  • 8. Revelation 21:9
  • 9. Revelation 21:11
  • 10. Revelation 21:21
  • 11. Revelation 4:6
  • 12. Exodus 28:17-20; Isaiah 54:11; Ezekiel 28:13
  • 13. Revelation 21:11
  • 14. Revelation 4:3
  • 15. Revelation 4:3
  • 16. Rev 21:12, 15, 25
  • 17. Revelation 17:4
  • 18. Revelation 21:18
  • 19. Revelation 4:6

Footnotes 8

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