“Suppose two people take a dispute to court, and the judges declare that one is right and the other is wrong.
If the person in the wrong is sentenced to be flogged, the judge must command him to lie down and be beaten in his presence with the number of lashes appropriate to the crime.
But never give more than forty lashes; more than forty lashes would publicly humiliate your neighbor.
“You must not muzzle an ox to keep it from eating as it treads out the grain.
“If two brothers are living together on the same property and one of them dies without a son, his widow may not be married to anyone from outside the family. Instead, her husband’s brother should marry her and have intercourse with her to fulfill the duties of a brother-in-law.
The first son she bears to him will be considered the son of the dead brother, so that his name will not be forgotten in Israel.
“But if the man refuses to marry his brother’s widow, she must go to the town gate and say to the elders assembled there, ‘My husband’s brother refuses to preserve his brother’s name in Israel—he refuses to fulfill the duties of a brother-in-law by marrying me.’
The elders of the town will then summon him and talk with him. If he still refuses and says, ‘I don’t want to marry her,’