When the father dies he will not seem to be dead, for he has left behind him one like himself,
whom in his life he looked upon with joy and at death, without grief.
He has left behind him an avenger against his enemies, and one to repay the kindness of his friends.
Whoever spoils his son will bind up his wounds, and will suffer heartache at every cry.
An unbroken horse turns out stubborn, and an unchecked son turns out headstrong.
Pamper a child, and he will terrorize you; play with him, and he will grieve you.
Do not laugh with him, or you will have sorrow with him, and in the end you will gnash your teeth.
Give him no freedom in his youth, and do not ignore his errors.
Bow down his neck in his youth, and beat his sides while he is young, or else he will become stubborn and disobey you, and you will have sorrow of soul from him.
Discipline your son and make his yoke heavy, so that you may not be offended by his shamelessness.
Better off poor, healthy, and fit than rich and afflicted in body.