Tehillim 25

1 5 (Of Dovid) [Aleph] Unto Thee, Hashem, do I lift up my nefesh.
2 [Bais] O Elohai, I trust in Thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine oyevim triumph over me.
3 [Gimel] Yea, let none that wait [hoping in] Thee be ashamed; let them be ashamed which transgress without cause.
4 [Dalet] Show me Thy ways, Hashem; teach me Thy paths.
5 [Heh Vav] Lead me in Thy emes, and teach me; for Thou art the Elohei of my Salvation; on Thee do I wait kol hayom.
6 [Zayin] Remember, Hashem, Thy rachamim and Thy lovingkindnesses; for they have ever been of old.
7 [Chet] Remember not the chattot of my youth, nor my peysha’im; according to Thy chesed remember Thou me for the sake of Thy goodness, Hashem.
8 [Tet] Tov and yashar is Hashem; therefore will He teach chatta’im in the Derech.
9 [Yod] The meek will He guide in mishpat; and the aniyim will He teach His way.
10 [Kaph] All the paths of Hashem are chesed and emes unto such as keep His Brit (covenant) and His Edot (covenant demands, urgings, reminders, testimonies).
11 [Lamed] For the sake of Thy Shem, Hashem, pardon mine iniquity; for it is great.
12 [Mem] What man is he that feareth Hashem? Him shall He teach in the Derech that he shall choose.
13 [Nun] His nefesh (soul) shall dwell in prosperity; and his zera shall inherit the earth.
14 [Samech] The secret of Hashem is with them that fear Him; and He will show them His Brit (covenant).
15 [Ayin] Mine eyes are ever toward Hashem; for He shall pluck my feet out of the reshet (net).
16 [Peh] Turn Thee unto me, and be gracious unto me; for I am yachid (alone, lonely) and afflicted.
17 [Tzade] The tzoros of my lev are multiplied; O bring Thou me forth out of my distresses.
18 [Resh] Look upon mine affliction and my pain; and take away all my chattot.
19 Resh] Look upon mine enemies; for they are increased; and they hate me with sinas chamas.
20 Shin] Be shomer over my nefesh, and deliver me; let me not be ashamed; for I take refuge in Thee.
21 [Tav] Let tohm (integrity, guilelessness) and uprightness preserve me; for I wait on Thee.
22 Redeem Yisroel, O Elohim, out of all his tzoros.

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Tehillim 25 Commentary

Chapter 25

Confidence in prayer. (1-7) Prayer for remission of sins. (8-14) For help in affliction. (15-22)

Verses 1-7 In worshipping God, we must lift up our souls to him. It is certain that none who, by a believing attendance, wait on God, and, by a believing hope, wait for him, shall be ashamed of it. The most advanced believer both needs and desires to be taught of God. If we sincerely desire to know our duty, with resolution to do it, we may be sure that God will direct us in it. The psalmist is earnest for the pardon of his sins. When God pardons sin, he is said to remember it no more, which denotes full remission. It is God's goodness, and not ours, his mercy, and not our merit, that must be our plea for the pardon of sin, and all the good we need. This plea we must rely upon, feeling our own unworthiness, and satisfied of the riches of God's mercy and grace. How boundless is that mercy which covers for ever the sins and follies of a youth spent without God and without hope! Blessed be the Lord, the blood of the great Sacrifice can wash away every stain.

Verses 8-14 We are all sinners; and Christ came into the world to save sinners, to teach sinners, to call sinners to repentance. We value a promise by the character of him that makes it; we therefore depend upon God's promises. All the paths of the Lord, that is, all his promises and all his providences, are mercy and truth. In all God's dealings his people may see his mercy displayed, and his word fulfilled, whatever afflictions they are now exercised with. All the paths of the Lord are mercy and truth; and so it will appear when they come to their journey's end. Those that are humble, that distrust themselves, and desire to be taught and to follow Divine guidance, these he will guide in judgment, that is, by the rule of the written word, to find rest for their souls in the Saviour. Even when the body is sick, and in pain, the soul may be at ease in God.

Verses 15-22 The psalmist concludes, as he began, with expressing dependence upon God, and desire toward him. It is good thus to hope, and quietly to wait for the salvation of the Lord. And if God turns to us, no matter who turns from us. He pleads his own integrity. Though guilty before God, yet, as to his enemies, he had the testimony of conscience that he had done them no wrong. God would, at length, give Israel rest from all their enemies round about. In heaven, God's Israel will be perfectly redeemed from all troubles. Blessed Saviour, thou hast graciously taught us that without thee we can do nothing. Do thou teach us how to pray, how to appear before thee in the way which thou shalt choose, and how to lift up our whole hearts and desires after thee, for thou art the Lord our righteousness.

Chapter Summary


\\<<[A Psalm] of David>>\\. This is the first of the psalms which is written in an alphabetical order, or in which the first word of every verse begins with the letters of the Hebrew alphabet in order, though it is not strictly and regularly observed; the reason of this manner of writing is not very obvious; the {r} Jews confess their ignorance of it; it may be to engage the attention to what is said, or to assist the memory in laying it up, and retaining it there. The occasion of the psalm seems to be the troubles David was in on account of an unnatural rebellion raised against him by some of his subjects, at the head of which was his own son Absalom; he speaks of himself as in a net, and in great affliction, distress, and trouble, by reason of his enemies, Ps 25:15-18; and as being brought to a sense of his former sins, for which he desires pardon, Ps 25:7,11. {r} Kimchi in loc.

Tehillim 25 Commentaries

The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002,2003,2008,2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International. All rights reserved.