Psalms 110

Of David. A psalm.

1 The LORD says to my lord:[a]“Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”
2 The LORD will extend your mighty scepter from Zion, saying, “Rule in the midst of your enemies!”
3 Your troops will be willing on your day of battle. Arrayed in holy splendor, your young men will come to you like dew from the morning’s womb.[b]
4 The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind: “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.”
5 The Lord is at your right hand[c] ; he will crush kings on the day of his wrath.
6 He will judge the nations, heaping up the dead and crushing the rulers of the whole earth.
7 He will drink from a brook along the way,[d]and so he will lift his head high.

Psalms 110 Commentary

Chapter 110

Christ's kingdom.

- Glorious things are here spoken of Christ. Not only he should be superior to all the kings of the earth, but he then existed in glory as the eternal Son of God. Sitting is a resting posture: after services and sufferings, to give law, to give judgment. It is a remaining posture: he sits like a king for ever. All his enemies are now in a chain, but not yet made his footstool. And his kingdom, being set up, shall be kept up in the world, in despite of all the powers of darkness. Christ's people are a willing people. The power of the Spirit, going with the power of the world, to the people of Christs, is effectual to make them willing. They shall attend him in the beautiful attire of holiness; which becomes his house for ever. And he shall have many devoted to him. The dew of our youth, even in the morning of our days, ought to be consecrated to our Lord Jesus. Christ shall not only be a King, but a Priest. He is God's Minister to us, and our Advocate with the Father, and so is the Mediator between God and man. He is a Priest of the order of Melchizedek, which was before that of Aaron, and on many accounts superior to it, and a more lively representation of Christ's priesthood. Christ's sitting at the right hand of God, speaks as much terror to his enemies as happiness to his people. The effect of this victory shall be the utter ruin of his enemies. We have here the Redeemer saving his friends, and comforting them. He shall be humbled; he shall drink of the brook in the way. The wrath of God, running in the curse of the law, may be considered as the brook in the way of his undertaking. Christ drank of the waters of affliction in his way to the throne of glory. But he shall be exalted. What then are we? Has the gospel of Christ been to us the power of God unto salvation? Has his kingdom been set up in our hearts? Are we his willing subjects? Once we knew not our need of his salvation, and we were not willing that he should reign over us. Are we willing to give up every sin, to turn from a wicked, insnaring world, and rely only on his merits and mercy, to have him for our Prophet, Priest, and King? and do we desire to be holy? To those who are thus changed, the Saviour's sacrifice, intercession, and blessing belong.

Cross References 18

  • 1. Matthew 22:44*; Mark 12:36*; Luke 20:42*; Acts 2:34*
  • 2. S Mark 16:19; Hebrews 1:13*; Hebrews 12:2
  • 3. S Joshua 10:24; S 1 Kings 5:3; 1 Corinthians 15:25
  • 4. S Genesis 49:10; Psalms 45:6; Isaiah 14:5; Jeremiah 48:17
  • 5. S Psalms 2:6
  • 6. Psalms 72:8
  • 7. S Exodus 15:11; Judges 5:2; Psalms 96:9
  • 8. Micah 5:7
  • 9. S Numbers 23:19
  • 10. Zechariah 6:13; Hebrews 5:6*; Hebrews 7:21*
  • 11. S Genesis 14:18; Hebrews 5:10; Hebrews 7:15-17*
  • 12. Psalms 16:8
  • 13. S Deuteronomy 7:24; Psalms 2:12; Psalms 68:21; Psalms 76:12; Isaiah 60:12; Daniel 2:44
  • 14. S Psalms 2:5; Romans 2:5; Revelation 6:17; Revelation 11:18
  • 15. S Psalms 9:19; Isaiah 2:4
  • 16. Isaiah 5:25; Isaiah 34:3; Isaiah 66:24
  • 17. S Psalms 18:38; Psalms 68:21
  • 18. Psalms 3:3; Psalms 27:6

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. Or "Lord"
  • [b]. The meaning of the Hebrew for this sentence is uncertain.
  • [c]. Or "My lord is at your right hand, " Lord
  • [d]. The meaning of the Hebrew for this clause is uncertain.

Chapter Summary


\\<>\\. This psalm was written by David, as the title shows, and which is confirmed by our Lord Jesus Christ, Mt 22:43 and by the Apostle Peter, Ac 2:34 and was not written by anyone of the singers concerning him, as Aben Ezra and Kimchi; nor by Melchizedek, nor by Eliezer the servant of Abraham, concerning him, as Jarchi and others: for the former could not call Abraham his lord, since he was greater than he, Heb 7:7 and though the latter might, yet he could not assign his master a place at the right hand of God; nor say he was a priest after the order of Melchizedek: and as it was written by David, it could not be concerning himself, as the Targum, but some other; not of Hezekiah, to whom some of the Jews applied it, as Tertullian {m} affirms; but of the Messiah, as is clear from the quotation by Christ, Mt 22:43,44 and from the references to it by the apostle, \Ac 2:34 1Co 15:25 Heb 1:13\. And that this was the general sense of the ancient Jewish church is manifest from the silence of the Pharisees, when a passage out of it was objected to them by our Lord concerning the Messiah; and is the sense that some of the ancient Jews give of it; says R. Joden {n}, ``God will make the King Messiah sit at his right hand, &c:'' and the same is said by others {o}; and it is likewise owned by some of the more modern {p} ones; and we Christians can have no doubt about it. The psalm is only applicable to Christ, and cannot be accommodated to any other; no, not to David as a type, as some psalms concerning him may.

Psalms 110 Commentaries

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