Revelation 16:4

4 The third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood.

Revelation 16:4 in Other Translations

KJV
4 And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.
ESV
4 The third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they became blood.
NLT
4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs, and they became blood.
MSG
4 The third Angel poured his bowl on rivers and springs: The waters turned to blood.
CSB
4 The third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they became blood.

Revelation 16:4 Meaning and Commentary

Revelation 16:4

And the third angel poured his vial upon the rivers and
fountains of waters
Which also is not to be literally understood of a stagnation of them, before the burning of the world; nor of the destruction of Popish fleets and navies, such as the Spanish armada in 1588, and others since; but rather of Popish writings, of the most learned and subtle men among them, who like rivers and fountains, which supply and fill the sea, support and keep up the Romish jurisdiction and hierarchy; and of the confutation of them by Protestant writers; and of the utter destruction of their principal orders, and chief men among them, as cardinals, archbishops, bishops, priests, Jesuits though it seems chiefly to design the places near to Rome, such as Italy and Savoy; for as the third trumpet affects the rivers and fountains, ( Revelation 8:10 ) and brings in the Huns into Italy, and issued in the destruction of the empire; so the third vial affects the same, and brings terrible wars, and great effusion of blood, where so much of the blood of the saints have been shed: hence it follows, and they became blood; these countries will be covered with blood, and a reformation will ensue upon it; the allusion is to ( Exodus 7:19-21 ) .

Revelation 16:4 In-Context

2 The first angel went and poured out his bowl on the land, and ugly, festering sores broke out on the people who had the mark of the beast and worshiped its image.
3 The second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it turned into blood like that of a dead person, and every living thing in the sea died.
4 The third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood.
5 Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say: “You are just in these judgments, O Holy One, you who are and who were;
6 for they have shed the blood of your holy people and your prophets, and you have given them blood to drink as they deserve.”

Cross References 2