1 And the king of Egypt gathered together a great host, like the sand that lieth upon the seashore, and many ships, and went about through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom and join it to his own.
2 Thereupon he took his journey into Syria in a peaceable manner, so that they of the cities opened unto him and met him; for King Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his father-in-law.
3 Now as Ptolemy entered into the cities, he set in every one of them a garrison of soldiers to keep it.
4 And when he came near to Azotus, they showed him the temple of Dagon that was burned, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and those whom he had burned in the battle; for they had made heaps of them by the way where he would pass.
5 Also they told the king whatsoever Jonathan had done with the intent that he might blame Jonathan, but the king held his peace.
6 Then Jonathan met the king with great pomp at Joppa, where they saluted one another and lodged.
7 Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the river called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.
8 King Ptolemy therefore, having gotten the dominion of the cities by the sea unto Seleucia upon the seacoast, devised wicked schemes against Alexander.
9 Thereupon he sent ambassadors unto King Demetrius, saying, Come, let us make a league between us, and I will give thee my daughter whom Alexander hath, and thou shalt reign in thy father's kingdom.
10 For I repent that I gave my daughter unto him, for he sought to slay me.
11 Thus did he slander him, because he was desirous of his kingdom.
12 Therefore he took his daughter from him and gave her to Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was openly known.
13 Then Ptolemy entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns upon his head, the crown of Asia and of Egypt.
14 In the meantime King Alexander was in Cilicia, because those who dwelt in those parts had revolted against him.
15 But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against Ptolemy; whereupon King Ptolemy brought forth his host, and met him with mighty power, and put him to flight.
16 So Alexander fled into Arabia, there to be defended, but King Ptolemy was exalted.
17 For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head and sent it unto Ptolemy.
18 King Ptolemy also died the third day after, and those who were in the strongholds were slain by one another.
19 By this means Demetrius reigned in the hundred threescore and seventh year.
20 At the same time Jonathan gathered together those who were in Judea to take the tower that was in Jerusalem; and he made many engines of war against it.
21 Then certain ungodly persons, who hated their own people, went unto the king and told him that Jonathan besieged the tower.
22 When he heard of this he was angry; and, immediately removing, he came to Ptolemais and wrote unto Jonathan that he should not lay siege against the tower, but come and speak with him at Ptolemais with great haste.
23 Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to besiege it still. And he chose certain of the elders of Israel and the priests, and put himself in peril;
24 and took silver and gold and raiment and divers presents besides, and went to Ptolemais unto the king where he found favor in his sight.
25 And though certain ungodly men of the people had made complaints against him,
26 yet the king treated him as his predecessors had done before, and promoted him in the sight of all his friends,
27 and confirmed him in the high priesthood and in all the honors that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his chief friends.
28 Then Jonathan desired of the king that he would make Judea free from tribute, as also the three governments with the country of Samaria; and he promised him three hundred talents.
29 So the king consented and wrote letters unto Jonathan concerning all these things in this manner:
30 King Demetrius unto his brother Jonathan and unto the nation of the Jews sendeth greeting:
31 We send you here a copy of the letter which we wrote unto our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that ye might see it.
32 `King Demetrius unto his father Lasthenes sendeth greeting: 33We are determined to do good for the people of the Jews, who are our friends and keep covenants with us, because of their good will toward us.
34 Therefore we have ratified unto them the borders of Judea, with the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathaim (which were added unto Judea from the country of Samaria), and all things appertaining unto them, for all such as do sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead of the yearly payments which the king received from them previously out of the fruits of the earth and of trees.
35 And as for other things that belong unto us of the tithes and customs pertaining unto us, as also the salt pits and the crown taxes which are due unto us, we discharge them from them all for their relief.
36 And nothing hereof shall be revoked from this time forth for ever.
37 Now therefore see that thou make a copy of these things, and let it be delivered unto Jonathan and set upon the holy mount in a conspicuous place.'
38 After this, when King Demetrius saw that the land was quiet before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain bands of foreigners whom he had gathered from the isles of the heathen. Therefore all the forces of his fathers hated him.
39 Moreover there was one Trypho, who had been on Alexander's side before, who, seeing that all the host murmured against Demetrius, went to Imalkue, the Arabian who brought up Antiochus the young son of Alexander,
40 and pressed sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus, that he might reign in his father's stead. He told him therefore all that Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at enmity with him; and there he remained a long season.
41 In the meantime Jonathan sent unto King Demetrius, that he would cast those of the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also in the fortresses; for they fought against Israel.
42 So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, saying, I will not only do this for thee and thy people, but I will greatly honor thee and thy nation, if opportunity serves.
43 Now therefore thou shalt do well if thou send me men to help me, for all my forces are gone from me.
44 Upon this Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men unto Antioch; and when they came to the king, the king was very glad of their coming.
45 However those who were of the city gathered themselves together into the midst of the city, to the number of a hundred and twenty thousand men, and would have slain the king.
46 Therefore the king fled into the court, but they of the city kept the passages of the city, and began to fight.
47 Then the king called to the Jews for help, who came unto him all at once and, dispersing themselves through the city, slew that day in the city up to the number of a hundred thousand.
48 Also they set fire to the city and got many spoils that day, and delivered the king.
49 So when they of the city saw that the Jews had gotten the city as they wanted, their courage was abated. Therefore they made supplication to the king and cried, saying,
50 Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and the city!
51 With that they cast away their weapons and made peace; and the Jews were honored in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all who were in his realm. And they returned to Jerusalem, having great spoils.
52 So King Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the land was quiet before him.
53 Nevertheless he dissembled in all that ever he spoke, and estranged himself from Jonathan, neither rewarded he him according to the benefits which he had received from him, but troubled him very sorely.
54 After this Trypho returned, and with him the young child Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.
55 Then there gathered unto him all the men of war, whom Demetrius had put away; and they fought against Demetrius, who turned his back and fled.
56 Moreover Trypho took the elephants and won Antioch.
57 At that time young Antiochus wrote unto Jonathan, saying, I confirm thee in the high priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over the four governments, and to be one of the king's friends.
58 Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and gave him leave to drink in gold and to be clothed in purple and to wear a golden buckle.
59 His brother Simon also he made captain from the place called The Ladder of Tyre unto the borders of Egypt.
60 Then Jonathan went forth and passed through the cities beyond the river, and all the forces of Syria gathered themselves unto him to help him; and when he came to Askalon, they of the city met him honorably.
61 From thence he went to Gaza, but they of Gaza shut him out; therefore he laid siege against it, and burned the suburbs thereof with fire and despoiled them.
62 Afterwards, when they of Gaza made supplication unto Jonathan, he made peace with them, and took the sons of the chief men for hostages and sent them to Jerusalem, and passed through the country unto Damascus.
63 Now when Jonathan heard that Demetrius' princes had come to Kadesh, which is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing to remove him out of the country,
64 he went to meet them and left Simon his brother in the country.
65 Then Simon encamped against Beth-zur and fought against it a long season, and shut it in.
66 But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted them, and then put them out from thence, and took the city and set a garrison in it.
67 As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched camp at the Water of Gennesaret, from whence early in the morning they got to the plain of Hazor.
68 And behold, the host of foreigners met them in the plain who, having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came themselves over against him.
69 So when those who lay in ambush rose out of their places and joined battle, all who were from Jonathan's side fled,
70 insomuch that there was not one of them left except Mattathias the son of Absalom and Judas the son of Chalphi, the captains of the host.
71 Then Jonathan rent his clothes and cast earth upon his head, and prayed.
72 Afterwards, turning back to the battle, he put them to flight, and so they ran away.
73 Now when his own men who had fled saw this, they returned unto him and with him pursued them to Kadesh, even unto their own tents, and there they camped.
74 So there were slain of the heathen that day about three thousand men. But Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.