1 About that time King Antiochus, traveling through the high countries, heard it said that Elymais in the country of Persia was a city greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold,
2 and that there was in it a very rich temple, wherein were shields of gold and breastplates and arms, which Alexander, son of Philip, the Macedonian king who reigned first among the Grecians, had left there.
3 Therefore he came and sought to take the city and to despoil it; but he was not able, because those of the city, having had warning thereof,
4 rose up against him in battle. So he fled and departed thence with great heaviness, and returned to Babylon.
5 Moreover, there came one who brought him tidings in Persia that the armies which went against the land of Judea were put to flight,
6 and that Lysias, who went forth first with a great power, was driven away by the Jews, and that they were made strong by the arms and power and store of spoils which they had gotten from the armies whom they had destroyed;
7 also that they had pulled down the abomination which he had set up upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed about the sanctuary with high walls, as before, and his city Beth-zur.
8 Now when the king heard these words, he was astonished and sorely moved; whereupon he lay down upon his bed and fell sick from grief, because it had not befallen him as he looked for.
9 And there he continued many days, for his grief was ever more and more, and he took account that he should die.
10 Therefore he called for all his friends and said unto them, "The sleep has gone from mine eyes, and my heart faileth for much care.
11 And I thought to myself, `Into what tribulation have I come, and how great a flood of misery is it wherein now I am! For I was bountiful and beloved in my power.'
12 But now I remember the evils that I did at Jerusalem, and that I took all the vessels of gold and silver that were therein, and sent to destroy the inhabitants of Judea without a cause.
13 I perceive therefore that for this cause these troubles have come upon me; and, behold, I perish through great grief in a strange land."
14 Then he called for Philip, one of his friends, whom he made ruler over all his realm,
15 and gave him the crown and his robe and his signet, to the end that he should bring up his son Antiochus and nourish him up for the kingdom.
16 So King Antiochus died there in the hundred forty and ninth year.
17 Now when Lysias knew that the king was dead, he set up Antiochus his son whom, being young, he had brought up to reign in his stead; and his name he called Eupator.
18 About this time, those who were in the tower shut up the Israelites round about the sanctuary, and sought always their hurt and the strengthening of the heathen.
19 Therefore Judas, purposing to destroy them, called all the people together to besiege them.
20 So they came together and besieged them in the hundred and fiftieth year; and he made mounts for shot against them, and other engines.
21 Nonetheless certain of those who were besieged got out, unto whom some ungodly men of Israel joined themselves.
22 And they went unto the king and said, "How long will it be ere thou execute judgment, and avenge our brethren?
23 We have been willing to serve thy father, and to do as he would have us, and to obey his commandments,
24 for which cause those of our nation besiege the tower and are alienated from us. Moreover, as many of us as they could light on, they slew and despoiled our inheritance.
25 Neither have they stretched out their hand against us only, but also against their borders.
26 And, behold, this day are they besieging the tower at Jerusalem to take it; the sanctuary also and Beth-zur have they fortified.
27 Therefore if thou dost not prevent them quickly, they will do greater things than these; neither shalt thou be able to rule them."
28 Now when the king heard this he was angry, and gathered together all his friends and the captains of his army and those who had charge of the horsemen.
29 There came also unto him from other kingdoms, and from isles of the sea, bands of hired soldiers,
30 so that the number of his army was a hundred thousand footmen, and twenty thousand horsemen, and two and thirty elephants exercised in battle.
31 These went through Idumea, and pitched camp against Beth-zur, which they assaulted many days, making engines of war; but those of Beth-zur came out and burned them with fire, and fought valiantly.
32 Upon this, Judas removed from the tower, and pitched camp in Beth-zechariah, opposite the king's camp.
33 Then the king, rising very early, marched fiercely with his host toward Beth-zechariah, where his armies made ready for battle and sounded the trumpets.
34 And to the end that they might provoke the elephants to fight, they showed them the blood of grapes and mulberries.
35 Moreover they divided the beasts among the armies, and for every elephant they appointed a thousand men, armed with coats of mail and with helmets of brass on their heads; and besides this, for every beast were ordained five hundred horsemen of the best.
36 These were ready at every occasion: wheresoever the beast was and whithersoever the beast went, they went also, neither departed they from him.
37 And upon the beasts were there strong towers of wood, which covered every one of them, and were girt fast unto them with devices. There were also upon every one two and thirty strong men who fought upon them, besides the Indian that ruled him.
38 As for the remainder of the horsemen, they set them on this side and that side at the two flanks of the host, giving them signs as to what to do, and being harnessed all over amidst the ranks.
39 Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold and brass, the mountains glittered therewith and shone like lamps of fire.
40 So part of the king's army being spread upon the high mountains and part on the valleys below, they marched on safely and in order.
41 Therefore all who heard the noise of their multitude and the marching of the company and the rattling of the arms were moved, for the army was very great and mighty.
42 Then Judas and his host drew near and entered into battle, and there were slain of the king's army six hundred men.
43 Eleazar also, surnamed Avaran, perceiving that one of the beasts, armed with royal armor, was higher than all the rest, and supposing that the king was upon him,
44 put himself in jeopardy to the end that he might deliver his people and get himself a perpetual name.
45 Therefore he ran upon him courageously through the midst of the battle, slaying on the right hand and on the left, so that they were divided from him on both sides.
46 This done, he crept under the elephant and thrust him underneath and slew him, whereupon the elephant fell down upon him, and there he died.
47 However the rest of the Jews, seeing the strength of the king and the violence of his forces, turned away from them.
48 Then the king's army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and the king pitched his tents against Judea, and against Mount Zion.
49 But with those who were in Beth-zur he made peace, for they came out of the city because they had no victuals there to endure the siege, it being a year of rest for the land.
50 So the king took Beth-zur, and set a garrison there to keep it.
51 As for the sanctuary, he besieged it many days, and set there artillery with engines and instruments to cast fire and stones, and pieces to cast darts and slings.
52 Thereupon the Jews also made engines against their engines, and held them in battle a long season.
53 Yet at the last, their vessels being without victuals (for it was the seventh year, and those in Judea who were delivered from the Gentiles had eaten up the residue of the stores),
54 there were but a few left in the sanctuary, because the famine did so prevail against them that they were fain to disperse themselves, every man to his own place.
55 At that time Lysias heard it said that Philip (whom Antiochus the king, while he lived, had appointed to bring up his son Antiochus, that he might be king)
56 had returned out of Persia and Media, and the king's host also that went with him, and that he sought to take unto him the ruling of the affairs.
57 Therefore he went in all haste and said to the king and the captains of the host and the company, "We decay daily, and our victuals are but small, and the place we lay siege against is strong, and the affairs of the kingdom lie upon us.
58 Now therefore let us be friends with these men, and make peace with them and with all their nation,
59 and covenant with them, that they shall live according to their laws as they did before; for they are therefore displeased, and have done all these things because we abolished their laws."
60 So the king and the princes were content. Therefore he sent unto them to make peace, and they accepted thereof.
61 Also the king and the princes made an oath unto them, whereupon they went out of the stronghold.
62 Then the king entered into Mount Zion; but when he saw the strength of the place, he broke his oath that he had made, and gave a commandment to pull down the wall round about.
63 Afterwards he departed in all haste and returned unto Antioch, where he found Philip to be master of the city; so he fought against him, and took the city by force.