1 Kings 17

1 et dixit Helias Thesbites de habitatoribus Galaad ad Ahab vivit Dominus Deus Israhel in cuius conspectu sto si erit annis his ros et pluvia nisi iuxta oris mei verba
2 et factum est verbum Domini ad eum dicens
3 recede hinc et vade contra orientem et abscondere in torrente Charith qui est contra Iordanem
4 et ibi de torrente bibes corvisque praecepi ut pascant te ibi
5 abiit ergo et fecit iuxta verbum Domini cumque abisset sedit in torrente Charith qui est contra Iordanem
6 corvi quoque deferebant panem et carnes mane similiter panem et carnes vesperi et bibebat de torrente
7 post dies autem siccatus est torrens non enim pluerat super terram
8 factus est igitur sermo Domini ad eum dicens
9 surge et vade in Sareptha Sidoniorum et manebis ibi praecepi enim ibi mulieri viduae ut pascat te
10 surrexit et abiit Sareptham cumque venisset ad portam civitatis apparuit ei mulier vidua colligens ligna et vocavit eam dixitque da mihi paululum aquae in vase ut bibam
11 cumque illa pergeret ut adferret clamavit post tergum eius dicens adfer mihi obsecro et buccellam panis in manu tua
12 quae respondit vivit Dominus Deus tuus quia non habeo panem nisi quantum pugillus capere potest farinae in hydria et paululum olei in lecytho en colligo duo ligna ut ingrediar et faciam illud mihi et filio meo ut comedamus et moriamur
13 ad quam Helias ait noli timere sed vade et fac sicut dixisti verumtamen mihi primum fac de ipsa farinula subcinericium panem parvulum et adfer ad me tibi autem et filio tuo facies postea
14 haec autem dicit Dominus Deus Israhel hydria farinae non deficiet nec lecythus olei minuetur usque ad diem in qua daturus est Dominus pluviam super faciem terrae
15 quae abiit et fecit iuxta verbum Heliae et comedit ipse et illa et domus eius et ex illa die
16 hydria farinae non defecit et lecythus olei non est inminutus iuxta verbum Domini quod locutus fuerat in manu Heliae
17 factum est autem post verba haec aegrotavit filius mulieris matris familiae et erat languor fortis nimis ita ut non remaneret in eo halitus
18 dixit ergo ad Heliam quid mihi et tibi vir Dei ingressus es ad me ut rememorarentur iniquitates meae et interficeres filium meum
19 et ait ad eam da mihi filium tuum tulitque eum de sinu illius et portavit in cenaculum ubi ipse manebat et posuit super lectulum suum
20 et clamavit ad Dominum et dixit Domine Deus meus etiamne viduam apud quam ego utcumque sustentor adflixisti ut interficeres filium eius
21 et expandit se atque mensus est super puerum tribus vicibus clamavitque ad Dominum et ait Domine Deus meus revertatur oro anima pueri huius in viscera eius
22 exaudivit Dominus vocem Heliae et reversa est anima pueri intra eum et revixit
23 tulitque Helias puerum et deposuit eum de cenaculo in inferiorem domum et tradidit matri suae et ait illi en vivit filius tuus
24 dixitque mulier ad Heliam nunc in isto cognovi quoniam vir Dei es tu et verbum Domini in ore tuo verum est

1 Kings 17 Commentary

Chapter 17

Elijah fed by ravens. (1-7) Elijah sent to Zarephath. (8-16) Elijah raises the widow's son to life. (17-24)

Verses 1-7 God wonderfully suits men to the work he designs them for. The times were fit for an Elijah; an Elijah was fit for them. The Spirit of the Lord knows how to fit men for the occasions. Elijah let Ahab know that God was displeased with the idolaters, and would chastise them by the want of rain, which it was not in the power of the gods they served to bestow. Elijah was commanded to hide himself. If Providence calls us to solitude and retirement, it becomes us to go: when we cannot be useful, we must be patient; and when we cannot work for God, we must sit still quietly for him. The ravens were appointed to bring him meat, and did so. Let those who have but from hand to mouth, learn to live upon Providence, and trust it for the bread of the day, in the day. God could have sent angels to minister to him; but he chose to show that he can serve his own purposes by the meanest creatures, as effectually as by the mightiest. Elijah seems to have continued thus above a year. The natural supply of water, which came by common providence, failed; but the miraculous supply of food, made sure to him by promise, failed not. If the heavens fail, the earth fails of course; such are all our creature-comforts: we lose them when we most need them, like brooks in summer. But there is a river which makes glad the city of God, that never runs dry, a well of water that springs up to eternal life. Lord, give us that living water!

Verses 8-16 Many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, and some, it is likely, would have bidden him welcome to their houses; yet he is sent to honour and bless with his presence a city of Sidon, a Gentile city, and so becomes the first prophet of the Gentiles. Jezebel was Elijah's greatest enemy; yet, to show her how powerless was her malice, God will find a hiding-place for him even in her own country. The person appointed to entertain Elijah is not one of the rich or great men of Sidon; but a poor widow woman, in want, and desolate, is made both able and willing to sustain him. It is God's way, and it is his glory, to make use of, and put honour upon, the weak and foolish things of the world. O woman, great was thy faith; one has not found the like, no not in Israel. She took the prophet's word, that she should not lose by it. Those who can venture upon the promise of God, will make no difficulty to expose and empty themselves in his service, by giving him his part first. Surely the increase of this widow's faith, so as to enable her thus readily to deny herself, and to depend upon the Divine promise, was as great a miracle in the kingdom of grace, as the increase of her meal and oil in the kingdom of providence. Happy are all who can thus, against hope, believe and obey in hope. One poor meal's meat this poor widow gave the prophet; in recompence of it, she and her son did eat above two years, in a time of famine. To have food from God's special favour, and in such good company as Elijah, made it more than doubly sweet. It is promised to those who trust in God, that they shall not be ashamed in evil time; in days of famine they shall be satisfied.

Verses 17-24 Neither faith nor obedience shut out afflictions and death. The child being dead, the mother spake to the prophet, rather to give vent to her sorrow, than in hope of relief. When God removes our comforts from us, he remembers our sins against us, perhaps the sins of our youth, though long since past. When God remembers our sins against us, he designs to teach us to remember them against ourselves, and to repent of them. Elijah's prayer was doubtless directed by the Holy Spirit. The child revived. See the power of prayer, and the power of Him who hears prayer.

Chapter Summary


This chapter begins with a prophecy of Elijah, that there should be want of rain for some years to come, and he is directed to go first to the brook Cherith, where he should be fed by ravens, 1Ki 17:1-7, and afterwards he is sent to a widow at Zarephath, where he, she, and her son, were supported for a considerable time with a handful of meal, and a little oil in a cruse miraculously increased, 1Ki 17:8-16, whose son falling sick and dying, he restored to life, 1Ki 17:17-24.

1 Kings 17 Commentaries

The Latin Vulgate is in the public domain.