1 Samuel 8:1-18 NIV

Israel Asks for a King

1 When Samuel grew old, he appointed1 his sons as judges for Israel.

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2 The name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second was Abijah,2 and they served at Beersheba.3

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3 But his sons4 did not walk in his ways. They turned aside5 after dishonest gain and accepted bribes6 and perverted7 justice.

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4 So all the elders8 of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah.9

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5 They said to him, "You are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways; now appoint a king10 to leada11 us, such as all the other nations12 have."

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    • a 8:5 - Traditionally "judge"; also in verses 6 and 20
      6 But when they said, "Give us a king13 to lead us," this displeased14 Samuel; so he prayed to the LORD.

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      7 And the LORD told him: "Listen15 to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected,16 but they have rejected me as their king.17

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          8 As they have done from the day I brought them up out of Egypt until this day, forsaking18 me and serving other gods, so they are doing to you.

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          9 Now listen to them; but warn them solemnly and let them know19 what the king who will reign over them will do."

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          10 Samuel told20 all the words of the LORD to the people who were asking him for a king.

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          11 He said, "This is what the king who will reign over you will do: He will take21 your sons and make them serve22 with his chariots and horses, and they will run in front of his chariots.23

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          12 Some he will assign to be commanders24 of thousands and commanders of fifties, and others to plow his ground and reap his harvest, and still others to make weapons of war and equipment for his chariots.

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          13 He will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers.
          14 He will take the best of your25 fields and vineyards26 and olive groves and give them to his attendants.27

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          15 He will take a tenth28 of your grain and of your vintage and give it to his officials and attendants.

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          16 Your menservants and maidservants and the best of your cattleb and donkeys he will take for his own use.

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            • b 8:16 - Septuagint; Hebrew "young men"
              17 He will take a tenth of your flocks, and you yourselves will become his slaves.
              18 When that day comes, you will cry out for relief from the king you have chosen, and the LORD will not answer29 you in that day.30"

              References for 1 Samuel 8:18