Do not rebuke an older man1 harshly,2 but exhort him as if he were your father. Treat younger men3 as brothers,
older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity.
Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need.44
But if a widow has children or grandchildren, these should learn first of all to put their religion into practice by caring for their own family and so repaying their parents and grandparents,5 for this is pleasing to God.65
The widow who is really in need7 and left all alone puts her hope in God8 and continues night and day to pray9 and to ask God for help.
But the widow who lives for pleasure is dead even while she lives.107
Give the people these instructions,11 too, so that no one may be open to blame.
If anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for his immediate family, he has denied12 the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
No widow may be put on the list of widows unless she is over sixty, has been faithful to her husband,a10
and is well known for her good deeds,13 such as bringing up children, showing hospitality,14 washing the feet15 of the saints, helping those in trouble16 and devoting herself to all kinds of good deeds.
As for younger widows, do not put them on such a list. For when their sensual desires overcome their dedication to Christ, they want to marry.
Thus they bring judgment on themselves, because they have broken their first pledge.
Besides, they get into the habit of being idle and going about from house to house. And not only do they become idlers, but also gossips17 and busybodies,18 saying things they ought not to.
So I counsel younger widows to marry,19 to have children, to manage their homes and to give the enemy no opportunity for slander.2015
Some have in fact already turned away to follow Satan.2116
If any woman who is a believer has widows in her family, she should help them and not let the church be burdened with them, so that the church can help those widows who are really in need.2217
The elders23 who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honor,24 especially those whose work is preaching and teaching.
For the Scripture says, "Do not muzzle the ox while it is treading out the grain,"b25 and "The worker deserves his wages."c2619
Do not entertain an accusation against an elder27 unless it is brought by two or three witnesses.2820
Those who sin are to be rebuked29 publicly, so that the others may take warning.3021
I charge you, in the sight of God and Christ Jesus31 and the elect angels, to keep these instructions without partiality, and to do nothing out of favoritism.
Do not be hasty in the laying on of hands,32 and do not share in the sins of others.33 Keep yourself pure.34