1 Timothy 5:20

20 But those elders who are sinning you are to reprove before everyone, so that the others may take warning.

1 Timothy 5:20 in Other Translations

King James Version (KJV)
20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
English Standard Version (ESV)
20 As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all, so that the rest may stand in fear.
New Living Translation (NLT)
20 Those who sin should be reprimanded in front of the whole church; this will serve as a strong warning to others.
The Message Bible (MSG)
20 If anyone falls into sin, call that person on the carpet. Those who are inclined that way will know right off they can't get by with it.
American Standard Version (ASV)
20 Them that sin reprove in the sight of all, that the rest also may be in fear.
GOD'S WORD Translation (GW)
20 Reprimand those leaders who sin. Do it in front of everyone so that the other leaders will also be afraid.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (CSB)
20 Publicly rebuke those who sin, so that the rest will also be afraid.
New International Reader's Version (NIRV)
20 Elders who sin should be corrected in front of the other believers. That will be a warning to the others.

1 Timothy 5:20 Meaning and Commentary

1 Timothy 5:20

Them that sin rebuke before all
This the apostle adds to the above rule, to show that he was far from screening wicked ministers, or elders, guilty of flagitious crimes, and gross enormities: for these words, though they may be applied unto, and may hold good of all offenders, that are members of churches; yet they seem chiefly to regard elders, even such who sin, who continue to sin, who live in sin, in some notorious sin or another; which is evident and known, to the great scandal of religion, and dishonour of the Gospel: and so some read the words, "them that sin before all, rebuke"; not only admonish once and again, but degrade them from their office, and withdraw from them, as from other disorderly persons, and cut them off, and cast them out of the church, and that in a public manner; and so the Arabic version renders it, "before the congregation": which was done only in case of notorious offences: and which rule is observed by the Jews, and runs thus F8;

``a wise man, an elder in wisdom, and so a prince, or the father of the sanhedrim, that sins, they do not excommunicate him (with Niddui) always (ayohrpb) , "publicly", unless he does as Jeroboam the son of Nebat and his companions; but when he sins other sins, they chastise him privately.''

The end is,

that others also may fear;
that other elders, or other members of the church, or both, may fear to do the same evil things, lest they incur the same censure and punishment: the Syriac version reads, "other men"; and the Arabic version, "the rest of the people". The phrase seems to be taken out of ( Deuteronomy 13:11 ) ( 17:13 ) .


F8 Maimon. Talmud Tora, c. 7. sect. 1.

1 Timothy 5:20 In-Context

18 For Scripture says, “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,” and “The worker deserves his wages.”
19 Do not entertain an accusation against an elder unless it is brought by two or three witnesses.
20 But those elders who are sinning you are to reprove before everyone, so that the others may take warning.
21 I charge you, in the sight of God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels, to keep these instructions without partiality, and to do nothing out of favoritism.
22 Do not be hasty in the laying on of hands, and do not share in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure.

Cross References 2

  • 1. 2 Timothy 4:2; Titus 1:13; Titus 2:15
  • 2. Deuteronomy 13:11
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