The LORD answers from a whirlwind

1 Then the LORD answered Job from the whirlwind:
References for Job 38:1
      2 Who is this darkening counsel with words lacking knowledge?
      3 Prepare yourself like a man; I will interrogate you, and you will respond to me.

      The establishing of order

      4 Where were you when I laid the earth's foundations? Tell me if you know.
      References for Job 38:4
          5 Who set its measurements? Surely you know. Who stretched a measuring tape on it?
          6 On what were its footings sunk; who laid its cornerstone,
          7 while the morning stars sang in unison and all the divine beings shouted?
          8 Who enclosed the Sea behind doors when it burst forth from the womb,
          References for Job 38:8
            • a 38:8 - Heb <i>Yam</i>, a sea god
              9 when I made the clouds its garment, the dense clouds its wrap,
              10 when I imposed my limit for it, put on a bar and doors
              References for Job 38:10
                • b 38:10 - Heb uncertain
                  11 and said, "You may come this far, no farther; here your proud waves stop"?
                  12 In your lifetime have you commanded the morning, informed the dawn of its place
                  13 so it would take hold of earth by its edges and shake the wicked out of it?
                  14 Do you turn it over like clay for a seal, so it stands out like a colorful garment?
                  15 Light is withheld from the wicked, the uplifted arm broken.

                  The vast beyond

                  16 Have you gone to the sea's sources, walked in the chamber of the deep?
                  References for Job 38:16
                      17 Have death's gates been revealed to you; can you see the gates of deep darkness?
                      18 Have you surveyed earth's expanses? Tell me if you know everything about it.
                      19 Where's the road to the place where light dwells; darkness, where's it located?
                      20 Can you take it to its territory; do you know the paths to its house?
                      21 You know, for you were born then; you have lived such a long time!
                      References for Job 38:21
                        • c 38:21 - Or <i>the number of your days is many</i>
                          22 Have you gone to snow's storehouses, seen the storehouses of hail
                          23 that I have reserved for a time of distress, for a day of battle and war?
                          24 What is the way to the place where light is divided up; the east wind scattered over earth?

                          Meteorological facts

                          25 Who cut a channel for the downpours and a way for blasts of thunder
                          References for Job 38:25
                              26 to bring water to uninhabited land, a desert with no human
                              27 to saturate dry wasteland and make grass sprout?
                              28 Has the rain a father who brought forth drops of dew?
                              29 From whose belly does ice come; who gave birth to heaven's frost?
                              30 Water hardens like stone; the surface of the deep thickens.
                              31 Can you bind Pleiades' chains or loosen the reins of Orion?
                              32 Can you guide the stars at their proper times, lead the Bear with her cubs?
                              33 Do you know heaven's laws, or can you impose its rule on earth?
                              34 Can you issue an order to the clouds so their abundant waters cover you?
                              35 Can you send lightning so that it goes and then says to you, "I'm here"?
                              36 Who put wisdom in remote places, or who gave understanding to a rooster?
                              References for Job 38:36
                                • d 38:36 - Heb uncertain
                                  37 Who is wise enough to count the clouds, and who can tilt heaven's water containers
                                  38 so that dust becomes mud and clods of dirt adhere?

                                  Lion and raven

                                  39 Can you hunt prey for the lion or fill the cravings of lion cubs?
                                  References for Job 38:39
                                      40 They lie in their den, lie in ambush in their lair.
                                      41 Who provides food for the raven when its young cry to God, move about without food?