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Abgarus, on the picture of Christ said

to have been presented to, 203

Ability, present, not ground of sinner's

accountability, - 102

Ability, gracious, consequences of re-
garding it as ground of sinner's

guilt, 108

"Absolute," Mr. Spencer's idea of chi-
merical, 51

in what sense God is, 51, 74

Accountability, not measured by pres-
ent ability, 102

Accumulation of property, robbery ac-
cording to Socialism, 452

dangers of, according to some 452

Socialistic proposals of its limitation, 453
the Intellectual and moral prerequi-
site of, 462

Mill's suggested legal limitations, 462

has its economical limitations 462, 463

has its Christian limitations 463, 464

must be subservient to the principles

of religion and benevolence, 463,464

Achromatic lenses, illustration from tho

construction of,. 445

Adam, bow did he sin though possessed

of a holy disposition? 108

difficulty of explaining his fall...108.109
had the power of contrary choice,... 108

ohose according to motive, 109

whence the motive of his choice? 109

his being deceived presupposes unbe-
lief, 109

the theory that he received assisting

not supernatural grace, 109

his apostasy first internal, 110

his apostasy changed the nature, 110

his first differed from his subsequent

sins, 110

his fall cannot be explained on any

present theory of will, 108,110

his sin, why imputed to us, 224

Adams, Charles F., his educational re-
forms, 426

Adaptation, 569-5T2

Adaptation, ministerial, its nature 5T0

its sources, 570,571

its results 571,572

Addresses To Successive Graduat-
Ing Classes, 544-686

"Adequate" cause distinguished from
"efficient," 92

Adultery, its punishment under Mosaic

law, 437

annuls as effectively as death the mar-

rlage relation, 438

opinions of Roman church regard-
ing, 438

sole valid ground of divorce, 438

its theocratic penalty among Jews

during Roman domination, 438

the action of Christ in relation to, 438. 439
ought to be subject of severe legisla-
tion 439

.*>»!>, one of his fables referred to, 455

Africa, progress of discovery in, illus-
trative of researches into man's na-
ture, 96, 97

Afritc, and king's daughter, illustra-
tion from, 243

Age, present, one of dogmatism, 557

its skeptical aspect, 558, 559

Aiat of Koran, 146

Albans, Saint, fable of, 146

Alchemy, its punishment according to

Dante 512

Alexander, Dr. J. W., on Union with

Christ, 220

Alfred, King, on man's goodness, 115

Allegheny and Monongahela, their

junction a type of man's nature,... I9O
Alps, melting of snow on, an illustra-
tion from, 5

Al-raschid, see Raschid,

Alumni, of Rochester Theological Sem-
inary/address to, 1-18

meeting of, sentiments suitable to,.. 1, 2

Amphion, the preacher an, 276

Amsterdam, its pile-foundations al-
luded to, 3

Anagogical interpretation, what? 505

Anaxlmander, his one postulate, 40

Ancestral experiences, their fundamen-
tal value according to Spencer,. ..49, 50
according to 8pencer, the origin of

moral obligation, 53

Andaman Islanders, their supposed

atheism considered, 78

Angelo, Michael, his fresco of last judg-
ment, 208

his universal genius, 550

Anselm, on development in Genesis,... 45
•' Antecedence," not equivalent to
"causation," 33

Anthropological, or moral, argument

for the existence of God 83

its three parts, 83,84

its defects, 84

its value, - 84

holds chief place among related argu-
ments, 84

Apollo, proposed interpretation of
double legend upon his temple at

Delphi, 4

Apologia Pro Vita Sua, contains a con-
fession of Idealism, 7

A posteriori arguments for the exist-
ence of God, their value 84, 85

Apostles, their qualifications included
both teaching of Christ and prin-
cipally the lnduement of the

Spirit, 580

A priori argument for divine exist-
ence, see Ontological

A priori reasoning, Talt on, 40, 41

A priori principles assumed in all sys-
tems of knowledge, 41

A priori reasoning, its vicious use by
Spencer and the Cosmic philoso-
phers, 41

A priirri truths, at the foundation of

knowledge, 48

part of tho original furniture of rea-
son, 48

sense, the occasion of their cognition, 48

according to Plato, 48

presupposed in all experience and

reasoning, 48

their denial destroys all philosophy
and opens way for universal skepti-
cism, 48,49

denied by extreme Positlvists, 49

8penccr's explanation of their gen-
esis, 49

Spencer assumes their existence to

destroy their validity 49

Spencer's treatment of them unsatis-
factory, 49, 50

Dr. Carpenter on, 50

A priori judgments, Kant on, 60, 61

Aquosity, a property of water, 34

Arab horse, his characteristics, 475

Arabian Nights, illustrations from,

mountain of loadstone, 10

Afrlte and king's daughter 243

enfranchised genie, .. 463

Architecture, mediaeval, its origin, 500

Aristotle, his Influence on theology,... 4

Luther's opinion of, 4

the parent of scholasticism, 4

a theistlc philosopher, 15

on an evil law in our members 101

Arminian view of original depravity

arises from false view of will... 101,102
Arthur, Chester A., varied feelings on
his attainment of the Presidency, 355, 356

Arthur, Chester A., an excellent oppor-
tunity for reform afforded him, 356, 35

Artisans, despised by ancient philoso-
phers, 447, 448.

Arve and Rhone, their junction a sym-
bol of man's moral nature, 190

Assassination of two Presidents, sum-
mons the nation to a considerate
standing-still 347

Association, the force of law of. illus-
trated in Crusades, 484

Assoclatlonallsm, as an explanation of
the existence of moral obligation,
considered, 54

Assumptions, Unconscious, Of Com-
Munion Polemics,... 245-249

Assumption, that the practice of the
oburch may modify law of New

Testament, considered, 245,246

that there is no complete and binding
system of church organization in
the New Testament, considered, 246,247
that the ordinances are purely formal

and external, considered, 247,248

that the principle of Ulixxez faire will
remove error and secure peace and
prosperity, considered, 248

Astronomy, why its birth-place in the
East, 478

Atheism, sporadic cases of, not incon-
sistent with a universal germinal
knowledge of the existence of God, 78

Atom of matter, what, according to
Humlst, .. 59

Atomic weights, an inference from,... ft

Atoms, "manufactured articles ", 44

Atonement, Necessity Of, 213-219

Atonement, sufferings of, demanded by

righteousness of God, 213

demanded by the relations which

Christ assumed to our race, 213-218

required by Christ's race-responsibil-
ity to the law of God, 213-215

willingly rendered by Christ because
of his regard to the vindication of

divine righteousness, 215-216

inevitable because of Christ's com-
plete identification iwith a sinful

race, 216,217

only to be satisfactorily explained by
the doctrine of Christ's actual union

with our race, 218, 219

the first desire of the awakened con-
science, 219

Attila, Kaulbach's picture of his battle
with the Romans, IT

Attributes, divine, their relation to the

essence of God, 189

have an objective existence, 189

defined, 189

have an active and passive side, 189

Auerbach, his stories tinged with mate-
rialism, 31

Augustine and Calvin, their respective
methods of treating divine truths,. 1

Augustine, a Platonist, 4

perceived the principle of develop-
ment in the Mosaic account of cre-
ation, 45

his view of human liberty, 11*

on adding to Original Sin through

Free Will 141

opposes pilgrimages, 485

on humility, 582

Aurora Borealis, bad light to grow po-
tatoes by, 570

Australian savages,condition of women

among, 411

Automatic theory of universe, 27

Goldwin Smith on, 27,28

its conclusion of despair in the words

of Tennyson, 28

Avatar, a temporary incarnation, 209

Averages, statistical, Buckle's and Dra-
per's inferences from, 23

the legitimate inference from, 24

James Martineau on, 24

Bacon, Roger, not Francis, author of

tho Baconian philosophy,. 40

Baconian philosophy, its origin, 40

its method, 40

a recoil from Greek and Scholastic

philosophies, 40

its fundamental organon violated by

philosophy of evolution, 40

Bagehot, on a statue to the first sower,. 462

Bain, Alexander, a Posltivist, 8

his materialism, 31

on thinking co-oxisting with unbrok-
en physical sequences, 46

a Huraist, 50

Bancroft on the practical influence of
the speculations of Jonathan Ed-
wards, 5

Baptism, a usual metaphor to express

the rush of successive troubles, 229

a significant symbol, 239

imports purification through death,.. 239
a picture of the substance of Christi-
anity, 240

associated with Lord's Supper,...240, 24]
anything which affects its form as a

symbol affects truth symbolized,.. 240
and Supper are as the twins of Hip-
pocrates, 240

Baptism Of Jesus, 226-237

Baptism of Jesus, throws light on that

of the believer 226

its place in his life, 226, 227

a self-consecration, 227

a symbol of his death, 227

a proof of his identification with hu-
manity, 230

foreshadowed his resurrection, 231

the occasion of a manifestation of the
Trinity, 232

Baptism of Jesus, the descent of the

Spirit at, what it implied 232

exhibited the desert of sin, 232, 233

exhibited a picture of deliverance,... 233
exhibited the method of personal sal-
vation, 234

is an example oi public confession,.. 235
Baptists, have truth of Baptism com-
mitted to their custody, 241

are bound to be faithful to their trust, 242
believe that an adequate model of
church organization is found in

New Testament, 246

why they hold to Baptism, 247

why they contend for the order of the

ordinances, 247

have increased because of faithful-
ness to convictions, 248

how they may expect future growth, 248
purity their primary concern, not

peace, 249

theirs, the only regularly constituted

church, 249

Baptists, German, their origin and pro-
gress 243

their need of theological schools 300

Barrett, Elizabeth, her marriage to

Browning, 526

her death, 526

Bastian, bis theory of spontaneous gen-
eration, .• 46

Bastiat, his contribution to Political Sci-
ence, 448

on relation of Political Economy and

Morals, 458

Bestiality, sin of, according to Dante,


Beatitudes, absence of warlike virtues

from 415

Beatrice, Portinari, her influence upon

Dante 502, 503

her early death 502

tho Divine Comedy, her monument,. 503
Dante's guide through Paradise,.505, 519
what she represents in the Divine

Comedy, 507

theculminatlonofher loveliness and of
Dante's love for, in highest heaven. 520
Beauty, knowledge and feeling com-
bined in its cognition, 124

Bedouin robbers, 477

skirmish with, 480

Bee, its unconscious intelligence, 26

Beecher, H.W., on Eternal Punishment, 196
"Being, Great," title under which
Comte proposed to worship "Col-
lective Humanity", 13

Belief in God, necessary to morals, 56

a remarkable fact, 76

Beliefs, primitive, an original endow-
ment of mind, 9,10

come into activity on occasion of ex-
ternal phenomena, 10

Beliefs, primitive, are objects of knowl-
edge, 10

have validity equal to facts of sense, 10
Beliefs, may be held though unex-
pressed, unformulated, or even for-
mally denied, 76

may be undeveloped, 77

Berkeley, Bishop, sought to correct the
materialistic tendencies of the Lock-
ian philosophy, 58

asserted the only evidence of matter
to be Idea, 58

asserted that sensations were the di-
rect objects of knowledge, 58

declared God to be the direct cause of
sensations, 58

his theory consistent with belief in
special divine revelation 59

his fundamental principle only fur-
ther applied by Hume, 59

held to spirit because directly known
by ourselves, 59

bis occasional approaches to Humism, 59

his definition of soul, 59

his definition of mind 59

responsible for our present Materia-
listic Idealism, 59

Sydney Smith's witticism upon, 59

declares things are thoughts, 61

a non-egoistical idealist, 63

his early oonf usion concerning idea as
object and act, 63

his later conception of idea as object,
an archetype in the divine mind,.. 63

the outer world was to him real and
permanent because an expression of
the divine mind 63

to him, the non-ego is God, 63

his theory has a radical affinity with
Realism, 63

his theory according to Sir William
Hamilton, 63, 64

did not regard divine archetypes as
"things in themselves," 72

his method of securing unity in ex-
ternal world, 166

influenced Jonathan Edwards, 168

Berkeleian Idealism, its influence on

John H. Newman 7

Bethlehem visited, 481

Bethunc on Political Economy as next

to the Gospel, 443

Beirusstsein—a " be-knowing ", 80

Bcyrout. description of, 474

Bible, "word made flesh," 153

to be interpreted as an organic whole, 154

its frequent presentations of mercy
and justice combined, 391

some of its requirements temporary, 402

its principles still applicable to these

days, 408

Bicarbonate of soda, a child's questions
concerning, 425, 426

Biology, a branch of physiology accord-
ing to Positivism, 13

"Blameless," as applied to New Testa-
ment bishop, its meaning, 440, 441

Blasphemy, its future punishment ac-
cording to Dante, 512

"Body," as apprehended by the intelli-
gence of the common people, 67

Boscovlteh, his conception of matter,. 43

Bowne, a Hegelian, 61

Bramante, architect of St. Peter's at

Rome, 241

Brassey, advocates the coBporative sys-
tem of employment, 457

Braun, the two principal books studied

in his Gymnasium, 423

Brethren, Plymouth, their view of

church-organizations, 246

Briggs's Colliery, on the cooperative

plan, 455

Brown, Tom, his return to Rugby re-
ferred to, 1

Brown, Sir Thomas, on futility of seek-
ing preservation beneath the moon, 473
Browning, Robert, "subtlest assertor

of the soul In song," 36

bis statement, "mind is not matter,

nor from matter, but above," 36

"poetky And" 5215-543

his portrait by Watts, 536

a sketch of his life, 526

his acquaintance with Italy, 526

marries Elizabeth Barrett, 526

loses his wife, 526

a prolific writer, 526

Pauline, his first printed poem, 526

Paracelsus, his first tragedy, 526

the tragedy of Strafford a failure on

the stage, 526

never popular, 526

severely criticized 526

is ho a great poet? 526

hides his own personality - 527

deals with the non-ego, 527

a poet of man 528

contrasted with Wordsworth 538

treats of life, 528

poet of thoughts and not events, 528

his little tinge of the objective or

epic 528

teaches that " as a man thinketh so he

is," 538

his poetry is not lyric, but dramatic,

528, 529

his dramatic power seen in the poems

Sl>anUh Cloister and Confessions, 529

he assists his reader to self-revelation, 529

is a creative genius, 529

The Ring and the Book his greatest

work 529, 531

its plot narrated, 530

the impression it leaves on the mind
of the student, 530,531

Browning, Robert, to what extent does
he possess the faculty of Idealiza-
tion, discussed, 531-536

to him all men are ideal things, 532

recognizes human conscience, and
will, 533

in his ixion the victim triumphs over
Jove 533

in his l'iiipa I'ames the peasant girl's
song awakens conscience, 533

a believer in a righteous and loving
personal God, 534

opposes anthropomorphism, 534

in his Caliban on Setdios denounces
superstition, 534

in the Epilogue declares his faith in
an immanent Deity, 534

in Saul declares " all's Love yet all's
Law." 534

makes Incarnation the highest revela-
tion, 534

the religious topics of which he treats
in "Fcrtthtah's Fancies," 534

has a true idea of inspiration, 534, 535

his poem of Saul the best for those
who are beginning to study him,... 534

the poem Saul, its subject, 535

his teaching in his Death in the Des-
ert, 535

he, rather than Tennyson, is the relig-
ious poet of the century,. 535

the religious philosopher of our
times, 535

Laudor's estimate of, 535, 536

indulges at times in apparent lev-
ity, 536

sometimes apparently irreverent,— 536

the motto he adopts for Ferishtah'x
Fancies, 536

treats freely of man's physical in-
stincts, 536

is never ascetic, 536

never deifies body, 536

has not a tinge of sentimentality, 536, 537

has a protecting sense of the ludi-
crous 537

in Bis filler Visum teaches that true
love is subject to judgment and con-
science, 537

his books exercise a healthful, bra-
cing influence 537

least great as a literary artist, 537

is of ten obscure, 538

the arrangement of his material often
perplexing, 538

Siirdello often regarded as a mediaeval
literary morass, 538

his defense of his fragmentary meth-
od of communicating his facts, 538

he makes his reader a judge, poet,
creator, 539

his method of telling his story illus-
trated in The Ring and the Book.... 539

Browning, Rohert, his obscurity be-
comes less troublesome and more

attractive on familiarity, 539

there are passages which perhaps the

poet cannot understand, 539

his translation of Agamemnon face-
tiously said to bo comprehensible by

reference to the original, 539, 540

exhibits occasional lack of judgment
as to what is valuable and what

merely curious, 540

influence of criticism of Caroline Fox

upon, 540

is often defective in constructive

power to make most of his matter, 510
examples of his obscure and of bis

easily intelligible verse 540

fails in rhythmical and musical ex-
pression . 541

Mrs. Browning superior to him in

melodious composition 541

aims not to be an emotional poet, 541

his brusque style accounted for, 541

a poem illustrating his abrupt turns,. 511
plays a sort of literary "Snap the

Whip" with his readers, 51, 512

in him the philosopher overtops the

poet, 542

his material too much for him, 512

gives us sometimes too little ortolan, 542
cannot treat him with supercilious-
ness, 542

his defects should not blind to his

virtues, 543

the fullest of learning and insight of

the poets of the century, 543

BUchner, a mechanical philosopher 31

a modern Lucretius, 39

Buckland, Rabbi Joseph Wales, his par-
entage and early life, 337, 338

his name " Rabbi," why given and its

influence 338

his mot her, • 338

his conversion, 338

enters Union College, New York, 338

his taste for natural science, 338, 339

Dr. W. R. Williams's influence upon

him, 339

becomes pastor at Sing Sing 339

becomes member of Historical Soci-»

ety of Now York 339

becomes Professor of History at

Rochester 339

his professional lite, 339-342

his death,. 342

his work not yet done, 342, 343

Buckle, Henry Thomas, his statistical

averages, 23

the materialistic spirit of his histor-
ical researches, 31

Buddhism, its missionary character ac-
counted for 388

the nature of its morality, 388
Bunker Hill, Buttle of, referred to, 269

Bunyan, his "man with the muck-rake"

alluded to 8

Burning of one's hand, facts physical

and metaphysical involved In, 21

Burke, his oratory characterized by

Fox, vil

Bushnell, Horace, a progenitor of the

New Theology, 165

identifies divine righteousness and

benevolence, 165

his theory of atonement contain* a

truth, 165

Business, dally, a trusteeship for Christ, 463
Butler, Bishop Joseph, how he has con-
tributed to our conception of the

ethical nature of God, 5, 195

did not sufficiently recognize divine

immanence, 167

Byron, Lord, a quotation from applied

to Positivist's universe, 13

his genius, 527

Ca;saroa, its ruins, 477

Caird, a Hegelian, 61

Cairo, 470, 471

night entrance into, 474

Calderwood, denies the possibility of

an act of pure will, 02,122

Call to ministry, its dignity, 270

not universal, 270, 271

commoner than supposed, 271

its nature 271, 272

Calling, a useful, always respectable... 449
Calvin and Augustine, their works com-
pared, 4

Calvin, his assertion of free-will, 91

his theory of human liberty com-
pared with that of Ed wards, . 114

on Adam's free-will, 121

asserted divine immanence, 167

Calvinism, Modified, 114-128

Campaniles, their erection and uses, ... 499

Campbell's theory of Atonement, 216

"Cannot" often equal to " will not,"... 124
Capital, moneyed, of America, its ratio

to the annual production, 447

Capital, dreaded by laborer, 452

may secure a tyrannical monopoly of

production, 452

wrong thinking about it even in

America 452

what it is, 453

deserves compensation, 453

its compulsory distribution a foolish

scheme, 453

must be consumed in paying wages, . 453

must be renewed by labor, 454

not the natural end of labor, 454

has duties, 455

its increase should not be dreaded,... 456

acquires dignity from its origin, 462

acquires dignity from use, 462

is a large set of tools, 462

Capital, a fund that employs labor, 462

a friend of labor, 462, 464

to exist must be in constant circula-
tion, 462

without it barbarism would super-
vene 462

Capital and labor, relations between,
should be intelligently discussed,.. 452

are interdependent, 452

should be no hostility between, 455

both have duties, 455

cooperation of both, illustrations of. 455
their relations will yet be settled on a

lasting basis, 457

Carlyle, Thomas, on Dante, 523

his portrait by Watts, 525

Carpenter, Dr., on one's existence be-
luga matter of consciousness 50

Cataclysms in geologic history, 141

Cataract, parable of man afflicted with, 89
Cato of Utica, his place in future world

according to Dante 515

Causal judgment, into what resolved by

Comte, 11

Causality, Hickok's Illustration of, lo-
caiisation, necessary to law, 11

if its Intuition is disproved all other

intuitions also perish, 11

origin of the idea of, 22

not given by mere succession of

events, 22

Cause, according to Comte, 10

defined, 33

more than antecedence, 33

an a priori truth, 48

of the universe, every religion de-
mands personality in, 53

Causes final, secure confidence in the

stability of nature, 141

account for needed deviations from

usual order, 141

Causes, the various philosophical, 92

efficient rest on final, 141

Cecil, on how to preach the whole

truth, 115

Ceremonial privilege requires ceremon-
ial qualification, 247

Certainty of human actions determined

by character 10O

Chalmers, Thomas, his scientific interest
in Theology deepened into practical, 2
on Political Economy as related to

Moral Philosophy and Theology, 443

his experience as a minister, 550, 551

Character, determines motive, 93

the ground of divine foreknowledge,


permanence of, depends on will, 106

and individual choices not necessarily

connected, 120

does not absolutely bind, 121

defined, 15T

Charlemagne, his aim, 497, 498

Chastisement in linger," why depre-
cated by Psalmist? 1S»5

Chastisement, not penalty, the experi-
ence of the Christian, 518

Chemistry, present elements of, sup-
posed to be modifications of one

common ultimate substance, 6

Cheops, pyramid of, 472

Cherubim, Nature And Purpose, 391-399
Cherubim, Edenic, a symbol of mercy,. 392

various meanings assigned to, 391

Milton's view of, 392

common impression regarding, 392

etymology of title obscure, 393

references to in Scripture 393

occur in Ezekiel, 393

occur in Revelation, 393

are symbols of redeemed humanity,.. 394

are not personal existences, 394

emblems of human nature possessed

of its original perfections, 395

not symbols of nature, 395

emblems of human nature spiritual-
ized and sanctified, 396

represent a humanity abounding in

spiritual life, 396,397

emblems of human nature as the

dwelling-place of God, 397

the Edenic, an assurance to the early
races that Paradise was still held for

man, 398

the Edenic, an assurance that Para-
dise was only recoverable by a
return to holiness and divine com-
munion, 398

the Edenic, a promise that Paradise
regained should be more glorious
than Paradise lost, 398

their varying relations, lessons from, 398, 399

not illustrations of our future bodies, 399

a revelation of spiritual qualities yet
to be the possession of the redeemed, 399
Chicago, a sane In, at opening of civil

war 199. 200

Cbivajry, a fruit of the Crusades, 498

"Choice, power of contrary," phrase ex-
amined, 97, 98

between motives, not without mo-
tives, 122

Choices und fundamental disposition

not necessarily connected, 120

Christ, not admitted into Comte's pan-
theon, 14

his existence Inexplicable on the ev-
olution theory 46

the restorer of our prospects of end-
less development, 162

the extra-temporal, of New Theology, 172-174

the supra-historic, his influence on
heathen, 176

implicit faith in, its possibility, 177

Christ, Implicit rejection of, its possi-
bility, 177

may be accepted or rejected without
a knowledge of his historical man-
ifestation, 177

union with, 178

CnRisT, The Two Natures of,... 201-212
Christ, study of his person a science,... 201

Son of man, 201

Son of God, 201

a true man, 201

doeetic view unscriptural 201

had a human body, 201

had a human mind, 201

was subject to laws of human devel-
opment, 201

tempted because of self-assumed lim-
itations, 201

lgnoraut of the day of the end, 201

In his twelfth year became conscious

of his mission, 202, 226

the ideal man, 202

his physical form, 202, 203

possessed orator's mien, 203

usually plain, but sometimes trans-
figured, 203

his temperament, 203

Chaucer's description of, 203

combined excellences of both sexes,.. 204
possessed excellences of greatest and

best men 204

a life-giving man, 204

not explicable by natural antecedents, 205

no invention of men, 205

his humanity came from God, 205

his humanity germinal, 205

conscious of divine Sonship, 206

testimonies to his divinity, 206

Christian consciousness attests his di-
vinity, 206

history attests his divinity, 206

his death has revolutionized history,. 207

the centre of history, — 207

modern world outgrowth of princi-
ples introduced by him, 207

wo need his divinity, 208

John of Damascus on his sufferings as

related to his divinity, 209

because divine, suffered infinitely, . 209
his humanity and deity forever unit-
ed, 209

all that took place in him shall take

place in us, 209

has our whole humanity in heaven,. 209
should be recognized in both na-
tures, 2U>

immediate recognition of him, its im-
portance, - 211

the comforter in death, 212

his human nature purged of deprav-
ity in womb of Virgin, 214

his relation to race more than fed-
eral headship, 215

Christ, not merely constructive, but
natural heir of race 215

the great Penitent, 216

may be banished to remotest room of
believer's heart but cannot be ex-
pelled, 222

the first thirty years of his life,... .226, 227

understood, from bcginning of his
public ministry, its mcauing and
end, 229

the agentof the out-going activity of
the Godhead, 2bl

geographical area of his personal min-
istry 475

advantages of our present doubt as
to the pluces of the great events of
his life, 479

to secure union with a living, per-
sonal, the aim of the Christian min-
istry 543

presence of, in a minister, the source
of healthful attraction, 545

the perfect flower und embodiment of
humanity, 549, 551

resurrection of, type of regeneration, 553

for three years a theological teacher, 553
Christian Truth And Its Keepers, 238-244

Christianity threatened by Positivism,. 8

the evidence that it is from God 129

its internal characteristics as evi-
dence 129

its external accompaniments as evi-
dence 129

present tendency to lay special stress
on internal evidence, 129

its internal evidence supplementary, 129
what its internal evidence must cover, 129
disadvantages of the method of indi-
vidual internal certification of it,.. 130
its internal and external evidences in-
terwoven, 131

supernatural facts its very core, 131

miracles not its burden but support,. 132

divinely radical, 374

works from below upwards, 374

estimates "service" by sacrifice, 374

missions a great argument for, 388

a great argument for missions, 388, 389

missions its distinctive mark, 388

Christianity And Political Econ-
Omy, 443-460

Christianity, concrete as well as ab-
stract, 445

is salvation for the body and society, 445

accords with natural law, 445

is a religion of nature, 445

its accordance with laws of nature a

proof of its divinity, 445

the great assistant of the Political

Economist, 445

has anticipated the discoveries of Po-
litical Economy, 445

I Christianity, asserts a natural inequal-
ity of gifts and stations among

men, 440

rejected by many working men be-
cause it opposes a false Social

Science, 446

hope of mankind 459

and its resulting ameliorative sci-
ences, connec ted as parent stein of
banyan-tree with succeeding steins, 459, 460

its social side, 461

recognizes wealth, 461

not passivity, 550

Chrlstliebon reason, 419

{ 'hrixta itco Oinmittttf nti, as ti motto, 585

"Christology " a modern coinage, 201

Church, an organism, 178

its organization not founded on hu-
man wisdom, 246

is not germinal, 246

does not rest on expediency, 246

is of permanent obligation, 246

its system of organization laid down

in New Testament, 247

its various parts alluded to in New

Testament, 247

polity, democratic form of, good for

good people, . 564

Cicero on htnwxlum and utile, 55

Cities, tendency of population to, 461

"City which hath foundations" alone

can satisfy, 483

Classification, fundamental idea of,
found in unity of self-conscious-
ness, 9

Coal, presence of nmifcrtv in, illustra-
tion from, 481

Cognition, according to Spencer, recog-
nition, - 49

Coguitions, primitive, are verities, 21

testified to by unintentional acknowl-
edgments of their deniers, 22

Coleridge, influence of his writings 8

College and Seminary, how differen-
tiated, 284

College, Christian, what? 320

should have actively Christian lead-
ers 320

should give Christian instruction, 320

its discipline should be Christian, 321

its Instruction should be pervaded

with a Christian spirit, 321

should possess high moral standards, 321
should aim to make its students Chris-
tians, 321

Colleges, Our, Are They Chris-
Tian? 319-323

Colleges, the true denominational, wore

intended to be Christian 320

many have ceased to be Christian,— 322
Collocation, useful, present in universe, 83
its existence assumed by Science,— 82
Comedy, The Divine, 501-524

some of its translators and interpret-
ers 501

internal evidence of its date, 504

its introduction, 504, 515

has, according to its author, four

meanings, 505

its personal element, 505, 506

a mediieval Pilgrim's Progress, 806

unfolds the author's idea of God's re-
lations to humanity, 506

its interpretation according to Miss

Rossetti, 506

has a political meaning, 506, 507

its spiritual meaning its moat impor-
tant, 507

its influence on Italian religious

thought, 507

its spiritual meaning unfolded, 507, 508

the first and greatest Christian poem, 508

its cosmology, 508, 509

title "Comedy" why given? 509

has influenced the Italian language,

509, 510

its verse, 510

its description of the Ante-Hell, 510

Its description of Hell proper, 510-513

its description of Limbo, 510, 511

its description of the various punish-
ments assigned to delinquents,.-511, 513

its description of Dis, 512

its description of the Judecca, 512

its description of Satun 512, 513

the poem of conscience 513

contains apt lessons for the present

times, 514

its description of Purgatory, 515-518

its Ante-Purgatory, 515, 516

Purgatory proper, 516, 518

Mount of Penitence, 516, 517

is the Christian doctrine of sauctitlca-

tion in verse, 517

its Paradise, ...519-521

Beatrice acts as guide, 517, 519

the series of the Heavens, 519, 520

its Prtmum MohOe 520

its " Rose of the Blessed," 520

describes the poet's celestial love for

the beatified Beatrice, 520

each of its three divisions ends with

the same word, 521

its intense realism, 523

why an imperishable work of gen-
ius, 524

Common-sense, Berkeley appeals to it

for proof of existence of ego. 59

Berkeley appeals to it against sub-
stance, 59, 63

Communion, Fiedo-baptist deprives
Baptist of privilege of enjoying it

with him, 249

Communists of Paris, their theory as to
rent and interest. 452

Comte, Auguste, eoryplwus of Nes-
cience, 9

his principal errors, 9

his postulate that we kuow nothing

but matter, examined, 9-

his scythe cuts off his own legs, 9

brief review of his system, 9-

his classification masterly 9

his fundamental principles opposed to

sound psychology! 9-

his position on causation, 10,11

has no place for Inductive Logic 11

his analysis of causal judgment, 11

confounds necessary with customary, 11
in admitting tendency of things
toward a true philosophy, admits

design, 12

his view of Theology and Metaphysics, 13

his new religion. 13,14, 77

he denies law, in denying cause, 16

i his inconsistency as to consciousness, 22
'Conceive,' of God, impossible accord-
ing to Spencer, 50

the sense in which it is essential to

knowledge, 50

the sense in which it is an accident of

knowledge, ... 50

Concupiscence, why excluded by Rom-
anists from list of sins, 102

Condillac, influeuce of his writings, 7

Epicurean 32

owes his sensational philosophy to

Locke, 7, 58

Congratulations to various graduating
classes on finishing their theological

education at Seminary,

544, 549. 548, »52, 554, 557.

560, 56-.*, 563, 567, 560, 572, 575, 578, 580, 583
Conscience, its supremacy demonstra-
ted by Butler, 5

what, according to Spencer,. 55

its true nature, 55

no tribe found destitute of, 78

an evidence for God 84

Consciousness, involves in one duality

two different things, 6

equally a source of knowledge with

observation, 20

Comto's appeal to, 22

is it a mode of force? 24

never transformed into physical or

nervous force, 46

Spencer upon, 50

of God, the idealistic formula criti-
cized, 70

in psychology, what? 171

in theology, what? 171

the "ethico-religious," 171

Christian, the doctrine of, defined and

discussed, 170-172

Consciousness, self-, its witness to a per-
manent something underneath and
presupposed by all ideas, tl&
Conservation of force, not highest law

• of science, 26

Constantine builds church of Holy

Sepulchre, 485

Constantinople, repulse of Moslems

from 485

its influence on Crusaders, 500

Consumers, all are, 464

Consumption, its present rate, 464

of luxuries, not wrong, 464

Conversion, a new choice of motive,... 121

God's work and man's work in, 128

Convicted sinner, only fiuds peace when
he sees reparation for sin in the

atonement, 219

Cook, Professor, on original constitu-
tion of chemical elements, 43

Cooperation of divine and human in act

of man 150

Cooperation, an important factor in re-
sistance to capital, 456

Cooperative establishments, in Paris,.. 455

in England 455

their strength and weakness, 455

best form of, 455, 45(i

Corinthians, Second. 3: 6, 250

5: 23 explained, 218

Corinthian women, the perpetuity of

the commands to, 402

Cosmological argument for existence of

God, its exact scope, 81

its difficulty in minor premise, 81

Hume's objection to, 81

its difficulty as to character of cause, 81

its value stated 81

Cosmos, an Idea impossible to Posltiv-

ist , 71

Councils Of Ordination: Their

Powers And Duties, 259-268

Councils of ordination, see Ordination.

Courage, Passive And Active, 554-557

Courage, its passive aspect, Ub-o/hmj, 555

its active aspect, irapp>jaia 555

Covenanter, the Scotch, of seventeenth
century compared with Anglican of

same time, 117

Cranmer, an example 279

Creatianism, nominalistic, 165

Creation, theory of, more credible than

that of chance development, 44

absolute, idea of, found among He-
brews only, 45, 81

what, according to Idealism, 72

imperfect, because anticipative of the

fall, Ill

not a miracle, 132

according to Jewish proverb, 395

Creations, have taken place on our

earth, 141,142

"Creative first cause," man not, 123

Cross, the, its meaning, 582, 583

Crossley adopts cooperative plan, 455

Crozer, his generosity referred to, -----. 301

Crusaders, their priwmnel, 488

two classes of, 492

Crusades, The, <84-50U

Crusades, the, their moving principle,. 484

their story in brief, 487-488

great leaders in, 488

their social causes, 489-491

demonstrate power of an idea, 489

Guizot's classification of their causes, 489

their moral causes 491, 492

not owing to papal influence, 491

not prompted solely by hatred of a

false faith, 491

not to be explained by mere hatred of

the Turk, 491, 493

arose from an awakening of religious

feeling, 492

not owing to the grant of Papal in-
dulgences 41*2

accompanied by an anticipation of

Christ's coining 493

animated by Idea of a world-wide

ehiirct 493

Lecky'a opinion of, 493

Kilobaud's opinion of, 493

effects of, 493

secured a transient Influence in the

East, 494

gave foreign outlet to the brutal for-
ces still inherent In feudalism, 494, 495

Gibbon's opinion of, 494

strengthened barriers against Turkish

encroachments 494

Freeman's opinion of, 494

consolidated states of Europe, 494

Hume's opinion of, 494

Micbaud's division of the period of,.. 495
what advantage they brought to the

Unman church, 495

developed the spirit of religious per-
secution, 495

were disadvantageous in some re-
spects to Roman church, 496

taught those who engaged in them in-
dependence, 496

gave occasion for complaints against

the popes,.... 496

disseminated a knowledgeof the eter-
nal city, 497

were the initial period of the down-
fall of the papal power, 497

their effects upon the state, 497-500

their influence on feudalism, 498

compacted the state 497

favored the absorption of small fiefs

into large, 498

their influence best seen in France,.. 498
diffused the loyal and courteous char-
acteristics of chivalry,.... 498, 499

opened up intercourse among peoples

of Europe, 499

their Influence on Mediterranean cap-
itals, 499

Crusades, the, gave an impulse to intel-
lect, 500

stimulated the spirit of travel, 500

prepared the way for the introduction

of Greek literature 500

Curse, the original, its alleviations, 391

Curses, divine, prophetic not arbitra-
ry, 402

D'Alembcrt, an Epicurean, 32

Damascus, described, 483

Damascus, John of, an early theologian, 4
his view of the relation of the natures

in Christ's person, 209

Dante And The Divine Comedy,.501-524

Dante, Alighleri, his birth, 501

the times of his early life, 501, 502

his meeting with Beatrice, 502

her influence upon him, 502, 503

his temporary fall, 502

method of his restoration, 502, 503 I

bis Vita Xuova, 503

his thorough preparation for writing

the Comedy 503

his remarkable natural and acquired

endowments, 503

becomes a chief magistrate of Flor-
ence, 503

banishes the factious nobles, 503

is in turn fined and banished. 503, 504

his wanderings, 504

perhaps visited Oxford, England, 504

an amnesty ottered him and declined, 504

his bearing under his adversities, 504

becomes a Ghibelline, 504, 506

his death, :504

his idea of humanity and its twofold

rule 506

his Dc Monorchia, 506

first great advocate of Italian unity,

506. 507

first great advocate of Independence

of church and State, 506, 507

distinguishes between the popes and

the papacy, 507

a loyal Roman Catholic, 507

abhorred the papal temporal power,. 507
denounces rulers of the church as An-
tichrist, i 507

an independent interpreter of Scrip-
ture 507

held the Ptolemaic theory of the uni-
verse 508

his ideas of the earth, 508

his Ideas of Hell, 508

his ideas of Purgatory, 508

his nine Heavens, 508, 509

his Empyrean, 509

did not call his poem 'Divine,' 509

why he called it " Comedy "? 509

his remarkable mastery of versifica-

tioi 509, 510

his three great classes of sins, 511, 512

llls theory of progress in evil, 512 I

Dante, the philosophy underlying his
classification and punishment of

sins, 511-515

why he assigns grotesque punish-
ments to sin, 513

his description of Satan, contrasted

with that of Milton, 513

teaches that sin isa self-perversion of

the will, 513, 514

a lover of God and holiness, 514

does not regard the essence of penalty

as external to the sinner, 514

his material imagery symbolical 514

he makes sin to be its own detector,

judge, and tormentor, 514

the two sins of which ho deems him-
self in need of purgation, 517

regarded l'urgatory as a process,.517, 518
his mistaken views regarding Purga-
tory, 518

ignorant of justification by faith,... 518
his examination before entering Prl-

mum Mobile, 520

no rough, grotesque poet, 521

most sensitive to changeful aspectsof

nature, 521

had an enthusiasm for justice, 521

how nicknamed by boys in street 521

the most ethical of poets, 521

his delight in light, as symbol of pu-
rity, 522

his abundant vocabulary to set forth

various characteristics of light, 522

his vividness of description comes

from experience, 523

Darwin, obliged to speak of' design,'... 12
saw no reason why the series of life
on the earth should be toward high-
er rather than lower forms, 28

his researches conducted in a ma-
terialistic spirit, 31

David, an illustration of divine lead-
ing, 560

Davis, Noah, virtual founder of Amer-
ican Baptist Publication Society,... 238

Dead Sea, description of, 430

Death, lessons learned in its immediate

presence, 188

Degeneration, its occurrence apart
from effort, the law of this sinful

world, 248

Delphi, double legend upon the temple

there interpreted, 4

Democritus, a materialist, 32

Denis, St., entry in the Chronicle of,... 500
Der Eiuzige, an epithet applicable to

every man, 156

Design, marks of, according to Positiv-
ism, only coincidences, 11

implied unintentionally iu the lan-
guage of the Comtists 12

the statement that it implies imper-
fection in God, examined, 12

Design, imperfections of, do not prove

absence of purpose in universe, 12

actual imperfections in, can be ac-
counted for on grounds of moral

government, 12

seeming imperfections in, may arise

from present ignorance, 12

a voluntary self-limitation on the part

of God, 12

Maudsley on, 12

Spinoza's view of, 12

its perception, an a priori cognition,. 48
marks of, everywhere in universe,... 181
Determinism, the theory of will so

called 118

opposed by fact that man can choose

a less degree of sin, 118,119

opposed by fact that man can refuse

to yield to certain temptations, 119

opposed by fact that unconverted
man can give attention to divine

truth 119

would remove guilt, remorse and pun-
ishment, - 120

advocated by Jonathan Edwards, — 120
Deiw vidt, the watchword of the first

Crusade, 487

Development, implied in Mosaic ac-
count of creation, 45

prospects of an endless, restored in

Christ 162

a true kind of, 559

De Wette, with him scientific interest

in religion became practical, 2

D'Holbach. eighteenth century Epicu-
rean, 32

a French Sensationalist, 58

Diaphane, an illustration from, 161

Dictatiou-theory of Inspiration, see In-

Diderot, a Sensationalist and Epicu-
rean, -. 32

Dilemma, one suggested by Spencer's

theory of primitive cognitions 49

Diman, on combinations of law as

agencies of ceaseless change, 25

Dis, the city of, Dante's description of, 512
Disposition, included in the larger

view of will, 94, 95

involves moral judgments, 94

one may be imperfectly conscious of, 95

consistent with formal freedom, 95

Dissecting-room, a juxtaposition of its
dixjccta memhra does not make men,
nor a mere accumulation of facts

science, 10

Divorce, why permitted to Hebrews,... 437

Hebrew wife had no right of, 437

Mosaic restraint upon, 437

in pagan Rome, 410, 411, 437

Docetic views of Christ's person, un-

scriptural, 201

Doeetic views of Inspiration, .. 153

Dogmatism, Tkue, 557-560-

Dore Gustave, his picture of the Del-
uge, 232

Dorner, on man not being a mere tan-
gent to God, 150

on docetic view of 1 nspiration. 153

his Eschatology unsatisfactory, 17B

'Doth he not leave the ninety and

nine?' its interpretation, 368

Doubt, theological, see Minister,

Dragoman, his office and importance,.. 476
Draper, his antagonism to metaphysics, 8

his statistical averages, 23

Dualism of consciousness, as inexplica-
ble as that of substance,. 70

Duns Scotus, an early Nominalist, 164

Dupont, shares profits with his em-
ployees, 450

Dwlght, Timothy, his views of the na-
ture of sin and virtue, 106

Eagle, a symbol of character, 396

its symbolism in Divine Comedy, 520

Earth, perhaps segregated from rest of

universe because of sin 364

East, Recollections Of The, 468-483

Easter-torches, a lesson from method

of lighting them at Jerusalem, 267

Economic Science, see Political Econ-

Education, like water rather than

vapor, 318

Education Of A Woman, 418-430

Education, some results visible, others

not, 418

its chief problem, a double one, 418

what etymologlcally, 418

more thau discipline, 418,419

imparts love and faculty for knowl-
edge, 419

is principally the impartation of

truth, ... 419

the teat of its success, 419

"the higher," a new signification

given to epithet, 420

requires close study, within a limited

sphere, 420

an improved, requires a reformation
commencing with elementary train-
ing 425

of John Stuart Mill, 425

of Niebuhr, 425

at Quiney, Massachusetts, 426

when active, begins with a boy, 427

notscholarship, 428

should elicit individuality, 480

Education, female, usually not exact, 420

may it embrace G reek and Latin? 421

should be broad, 421

should embrace all that enters into

men's, 421

ban mot regarding, by English bish-
op, 422

should include physical training, .. 422

Education, female, should Include do-
mestic economy, 422

should develop symmetrically the

whole being 422

effected largely by example, 422

should impart a good manner, 422

should not ignore Bible, 423

not essential ly different from a man's, 424
emphasizes studies specially appro-
priate to the student, 424

should not be on principle of co-edu-
cation, 424

time given to, at present too limited,

427, 428

arrested by undue attention to trifles,


proceeds best in quiet, 429

Educators, their work, 418

Edwards, Jonathan, Bancroft on his
services to philosophy and religion, 5
his estimate of philosophical studies, 14

a Bcrkeleian, 59

based identity on decree of God, 72

bis theory of will neglects some facts

of the case - 114,120

on philosophical necessity . 120

through his identity-system Idealism

has affected theology, 167

how he became an Idealist, 1*8

no traducian 16

Iils explanation of our union with

Adam,.... 168

denied substance, 168

his theory of imputation 168

was heaPlacean? 168

taught continuous creation, 168

located responsibility not in sin as a

nature but as an activity, 168

on Justification, 224

did not wish statements of a material
Hell and its physical torments to be

understood literally, 514

Efficient cause, what? 92

Kyo, alone puts forth and is conscious

of force, 42

Egypt, Recollections of ....468-474

Egypt, spring morning in, 468

its welcome to travelers, 468

the landscape in 470, 471

sunset and night in, 474

donkey-boys of, 470,473, 474

ignorance of. in middle ages, 500

Election, God's, founded on reasons ex-
isting in himself 108

Elements, chemical, their adaptation to

each other, 43

Eliot, George, her writings generally

materialistic, 31

on the reward of duty, 161

her moral indlfferentism, 531

ber exaggeration of heredity 533

Emerson, on man as here, not to work,
but be worked upon, 24

Emerson, his idea of the poet,. 525-

is better than his philosophy, when be
teaches the response 'I can' to

duty's 'Thou must,' 533

Emerson, Dr. G. H., his statement as to
foundation of doctrine of proba-
tion after death, 127

Emmons, on moral character of an ac-
tion inhering not in its cause but in

its nature, 117

on impossibility of independent

agency, 169*

Empiricism, its influence on Priestley, 7

on other philosophers, 7, 8

Empyrean in Dante's Paradise, 509

'Br &«Z, 553

Encyclopaedists, their philosophy, 7,32

End in nature controls choice of means, 28
Endosmosis, a certain, of Christian in-
fluence, 56

Enthusiasm, defined, 553-

Epic poetry always individual In its

subjects, 506

Epicureanism, a materialistic develop-
ment in era of great deterioration, 32
Epicurus, his philosophy antagonized

by that of Aristotle and Plato 15-

Erasmus, his policy, 278

Errors, how serviceable, 16

Eternity of matter, if accepted, leads

toward atheistic evolution, 57

Ethics, what, according U> Spencer?... 55

Eugenie, Empress, anecdote of 465

Europe in thirteenth century Nil, 502

Evangelization of heathen must begin

in the family life, 416

Evolution, if proved, merely a mode of

divine action 28

Evolution, The Philosophy Of,. 39-57
Evolution, the present philosophical
fashion, SB-
succeeds Positivism, 39-

avails itself of spoils of preceding

systems, 40*

is powerfully advocated, 40-

violates the spirit of the Baconian

philosophy, 40

rests physical truth on a priori reason-
ing. 41

assumes as postulate an imperfect

definition of force, 41

excludes will, 42

teaches that matter, mind and motion

come from force, 43,44

fails in its explanation of life, 45, 46

to soim; extent recognized by believ-
ers in revelation, 45

fails to account for mind 4<.

fails to account for soul 46

fails to account for Christ, 46

fails to explain <i priori knowledges,


shuts out knowledge of God, 50-53

Evolution, its exp anation of feeling of

moral obligation, 53

teaches that action is right became

useful, . 54

teaches that conscience is the mind's

power of comparing utilities, 55

a fascinating system of monism, 55

is destructive of morality, 56

its influence already felt in art and

literature, 56

Evolution in the history of a redeemed

soul, 161, 162

Ex nUtihi mn nia.liuut, a suggested axiom

for Comte. 10

Exchange, a central doctrine of Polit-
ical Economy, i. 450

admits the principle of mutual ad-
vantage, 450

Exodus, 15: 11 188

Exegesis, New Testament, should be

thorough, 325

should be broad 325, 326

English, its stages, 326

should be bold 326, 327, 328

should be reverent, 328, 329

Exercise-system, originates in teaching

of Edwards, 168

its nature explained, 160

tends to Pantheism 169

makes supernatural religion impos-
sible 169

destroys sense of sin, 169

impugns the divine character, 169

Existence of God, see God

Experience, requires a prior mental

potency, 9

is but" the stern-lights of a ship,"... 140

warrants merely an expectation, 140

according to Huxley never warrants

'must,' 140

of the truth, not the limit of the

preacher's proclamation, 172

Faith, fundamental to philosophy, 21

in our mental powers, a part of our

nature, 21

all science in its last analysis rests

on, 21

a higher, may be dormant in the soul

awaiting divine vivitlcation, 21

defined, 88

a kind of knowledge, 99

Faith, The Measure Of Success,.572-575

Kali, see Adam

Falsehood, every, hits a grain of verity, 32

Fanaticism, its nature, 584

Fatalism, refuted by knock-down argu-
ment, 21

its rejection does not require accept-
ance of caprice-theory of will 99

a false Calvinism merges in 118

Fatimite Caliphs, their cruelties to

Christian pilgrims, ...: 486

Faucet, an unturned, illustration from, 257

Fechner, bis "psychology without a

soul," 69

'Fetish, Great,' suggested title for earth

in the Comtian cult, 13

Feudalism, its nature, 490

influence of Crusades on 498

Feuerbach, his mechanical philosophy, 31

his maxim, 'man is what he eats,' 37

Fichte, his 'we are all born in faith,'... 21
reduces all knowledge to knowledge

of self, 60

merges the Absolute In the Ego, 60

his illustration of the unchangcable-

nessof natural sequences, 134, 135

Fijians, matricide among, 411

Final cause, its principle —work to-
ward ends—in ourselves 26

science dependent on principle of,... 26

H. B. Smith's illustration of, 92

Final causes merged by Positivists in
totality of secondary or efficient

causes, 11, 12, 26

F'inality, immanent, or unconscious in-

intelligence 26

has secured acceptance by many

scientists, 26

illustrated by instinct of b<«, 26

illustrated by unconscious formation

of language, 26

illustrated by spontaneity of genius. 26
a theory which loses sight of man,... 27
Finney, Charles G., in Rochester, N. 1\, 387

Foraminifcta, illustration from, 244

Force, an alleged ultimate, of which
perceived forces are modiflca-

tions, 6

its idea from our consciousness of
power present in every act of will,. 25

not a property of matter, 33

as observed in arrangements of uni-
verse must be mental, 33

must be postulated as behind and pre-
vious to all things, 41

an inseparable correlate of effort and

will, 41-43

conviction of its existence "deep as

very nature of mind," 41

put forth by the ego or mind, 42

the process by which, according to
Spencer, it becomes ' forces', unex-
plained, 42, 43

alone cannot explain motion, 44

according to old and new materialism, 59
F"ox, C. J., on Burke's style of oratory, vii
France, the greatest problem of recon-
struction there, 452

Francesca da Rimini, how Dante treats

the story, 513

Franchise, not necessary appendage of

mere humanity, 407

Fraud, its future punishment according

to Dante 512

Free agency, defined, 221

Freedom, human, irreconcilable with

divine sovereignty 6

according to determinism, 90,118

according to caprice-theory, 90

best method of investigating, 90, 91


theories of Augustine, Calvin, and

Edwards regarding 114

normal, what? '114

and divine sovereignty, how treated

by Robertson and Cecil, 115, 116

and divine sovereignty, Paul's sub-
lime acceptance of both, 115, 116

must not be exclusive datum of a sys-
tem of doctrine, 116

according to Fatalism, 118

Freedom in unregenerate, to choose a
less degree of sin rather than a

greater, 119

to refuse to yield to certain tempta-
tions, 119

to do outwardly good acts, 119

to seek God from self-interest, 119

to give attention to abstract truth

from love of it, 119

to give attention to God's claims, 119

involves responsibility 120

Free will, what? 55

destroyed by Spencer's philosophy... 55

can add to original sin, 121

French, excei in literary style, 538

Frescoes at Pompeii 56

Fundamental disposition of character

cannot be self-changed, 119

Furies, Greek, punish offenses though

unwittingly committed, 120

•Gnllus, Caius Sulpicius, his divorce of

his wife, 410

Oarbett, llampton lecturer, on contend-
ing for the faith, 558

Gardner on mind giving matter its chief

meaning,. 36

Garfield, President, Sermon

Preached Un His Death, 347-357

.Garfield, President, should remember

his character, 347, 348

an example of the American type of

man, 348

his varied career, 34f*, 349

drifts into preaching, 348

advocates sound currency, 348

his public and private virtues, 349

his undue concessions to the pressure

of party, 354

,Garfield's death, attended by alleviating

circumstances,.- 349

a permissive providence, 349

an answer to prayer, 349, 350

a source of blessing to the nation.... 350

an education in patriotism, i!50

a quickening of world-wide sym-
pathy, &50

not a fruit of conspiracy, 351

Garfield's death, should lead to more

prayer for our governors, 351

should secure a penitent consider-
ation of the national sin which was

its indirect cause, 351, 352

a time for public utterances, 354

its lesson to each citizen, - 357

'Gender, soul has none,' the statement

examined, 404

Genesis, 2:18; 3 : 24, 400

Geology, as earth's autobiography, con-
tains no account of its birth, 45

Gerbert, an early preacher of Crusades, 486

Gerizim, ascent of 482

Germany, progress of Baptist princi-

clplesln 243

Giants, the primeval, their punishment

in Hell according to Dante, 512

Gladiatorial shows at Home, outcome

of a false philosophy, 56

God, interpreted by mind, 3

according to Mandsley, a mere Brah-
ma, 12

limited by nothing outside of himself, 12

self-limited, 12, 51, 75, 76

we have an intuitive knowledge of

his existence, 16

Intuitive knowledge of, blunted by

sin, 16

intuition of, brightened by the com-
ing of Christ, 17

his presence in nature, a source of

comfort, 29

is master of nature, 29

can all that he will, but wills not all

that he can, 43

Immanent in universe yet transcend-
ent, 46

usually works by natural laws 46

may work by direct exercise of will,. 46

his existence un a prityrl truth, 48

in what sense cognized by human

mind, 50

can know him without a mental im-
age of him, 51

in what sense infinite, 51, 76

in what sense absolute 51, 75

we know him in relation, 52

Spencer practically confesses to a

knowledge of, 52

according to Berkeley may directly

cause sensations, --- 58

his existence not defensible by Ideal-
ist, - 69

according to Idealism, is a series of

ideas, — 70

can do more than create ideas, 71

may give relative independency to

portions of physical force 71

knowledgeof, its conditions, 71, 89

the term defined, 75

duty of those destitute of affectional
conditions for knowledge of, 89

God. the direct author of sin in the
heart, according to scheme of Hop-
kins and Emmons, 117

influence of Nominalism on concep-
tions of his nature and attributes,.. 164
as "thesimply One." unknowable,... 165
idea of, lost with that of substance,.. 166
immanence of, unduly prominent in

New Theology, 167

as described in one hundred and

fourth Psalm, 181

his relation to Cosmos as set forth by

Paul. 181

not an unintelligent, unconscious

principle, 181

as the author of man, must himself

think and will, 181

a personal Being in the highest sense, 182
possosses a will of infinite freedom

and power, 182

is sufficient to himself, 182,183

his eternal independence and self-suf-
ficiency rest on the Trinity in his na-
ture, 183, 191

not compelled to create, 183

presentin all "lawsof nature," 184

above all " laws of nature," 185

nature to him as "a loose mantle,"... 185

offended as a living person by sin, 185

reconciled himself by Atonement,... 186
personally interested in Creation,

Providence and Redemption, 186

his will and heart seen in Incarnation

and Atonement, 187

his attributes, their nature, 189

self-preserving, 191

his working in a soul in no sense sus-
pends its activities, 550

God, existence of, not demonstrable by

argument 80

proposed arguments tor, four, 81-85

Cosmologieal argument for, HI

Teleological argument for, 82, 83

Moral or Anthropological argument

for, 83.84

Ontological argument for, 84

defects in all arguments for, 84, 85

presupposed in all logical processes,. 85

an intuitive knowledge 86

his leadings in Providence 560, 561

his leadings by the Spirit, 561. 562

God, Holiness of, its first mention in

Bible, 188

perfect, 190

proceeds from his very being, 190

is sublimely energetic, 190

asserts itself,.. 190, 191

is a positive thing, 191

not a mere antithesis to evil, 191

its relation to his justice, 191

its relation to law, 192

finds expression in his anger, 192

its relation to benevolence, 193

God, holiness of, not utilitarian, 104V

is not love to universe, 194

is not a means to an end, 194

co-existent with his love, 19i>

his primary and fundamental attri-
bute.., 195, 196

light thrown upon its place in divine
character by man's moral constitu-
tion 196, 196

is reason for punishment of persistent-
ly sinful, 197

and his love, reconciled in Atonement, 197
its majesty set forth in life and death

of Christ, 198

enhances his love to sinners, 198

sight of, preliminary often to a sight

of the divine love 199>

the practical effects of the study of,.. 199
God, idea of, may be described as char-
acterizing human nature, 76

its prevalence among mankind, 76-79

present when not formally asserted,. 77

present though rudimentary, 77

men In mass have entertained, 77

testimonies to the generality of, 78

implicit existence of, how attested,.. 78
developed on suitable occasion being

given, 78, 79

how accouuted for, 79-87

not from external revelation, 79

presupposed in either true or false re-
ligions 79

not from sense-perception or reflec-
tion, 79, 80

not from consciousness, 80-

not from conscious process of reason-
ing, 80

intuitive 86

God, intuitive knowledge of, dimmed

by sin, 86

influence of argument on, 87

hel ped by revelation, 87

assumed by Scripture, 87

Spencer denies that it is adequate to

purposes of science, 87

not an accretion of past experiences, 87

not present with brutes 87

Infinite, and cannot therefore arise

from any combination of finitcs,... 87
as valid as any belief in the Unknow-
able or in the Persistence of Force, 87
is a faith, and yet is foundation of a

science, 88

God, justice of, is transitive holiness,.. 191
requires creation for its existence,... 192
the publication and enforcement of

his nature, 198

reveals law 192

is legislative holiness, 192

is executive holiness, 192

the detecter and punisher of moral

evil 192

consistent with compassion, 193-

God, justice of, is not capricious, 193

invariable 195, 196

.God, love of, what it is, 198

cannot be resolved into holiness,.193, 194

chooses its objects, 195

the ground of his chastisements, 195

not the ground of punishment, 195

co-exists with holiness, 195

is optional, 196

conditioned by holiness, 196

absent from the inflictions of the fu-
ture, 197

and his holiness, reconciled in Atone-
ment, 197

best understood in light of his holi-
ness, 198

Goi>, The Living, 180-187

'God, the living,' a common designa-
tion in Scripture 180

the promulgation of its idea, the duty

of the Hebrews, 180

implies an all-originating andall-Sus-

taining life in God,... 180 I

implies that God has a life of the
Spirit, conscious, intelligent and

self-determining, 180

a conception of, delivers from the

tyranny of the modern idea of law, 183
a conception of, gives new vividness
and realitj» to God's dealings with

our individual souls, 185

brightest revelation of, in the incar-
nation, 187

'God's Providence our Inheritance,'.. 561
Good deeds, after doer's death rise to

heaven, 330

live on earth, 330

Gi>Uexbcuwxxtxein, 80

Graduation, feelings suitable to the oc-
casion of 544

Gravitation, its nature unknown, 33

a uniform and conscious expression

of mind and will, 42

Greek Exegesis, A Great Teacher

OF, 330-336

Greek literature, its introduction into

Europe 500

Green, a Hegelian, 61

Gregory of Nyssa, opposes pilgrimages, 485
Growth into moral goodness impossible

In fallen man, 112

Guibert, Abbot, on the Crusades, 493

Guizot, on Providence. 390

on causes of Crusades, 489, 490

Gunsaulus, Transfiguration of Christ,

quoted, 74

Gustavus Adolphus, his public vow,... 228

Guy of Lusignan, his career, 490

Gymnasium a useful appendage to a

Theological Seminary, 307

Gymnasia, German, have an elementary

theological course, 321

Bible closely studied in, 423 I

Habit, what? 575

how cultivated, 577

Habits In The Ministry, 575-578

H ACKETT, Processor Horatio B., Ad-
Dress At His Fi;nerai„ 330-336

Hackett, Professor Horatio B., on In-
crease of educated ministers about

Boston, 301

caught his exegetleal enthusiasm

from Stuart of Andover, 331

became a Baptist, 331

the Nestor of Greek exegesis in Bap-
tist denomination, 331

his influence not confined to Baptists, 332
his characteristics as a teacher,.. .332-335

revisits Germany, 335

his sudden death, 335

wide-spread regret at,. 336

his death alluded to, 554

Hadrian, his demolition of Jerusalem,. 484
Hale, Sir Matthew, his belief in witches, 147
Hall, Robert, loses his materialistic

views at the grave of his father 37

Hamilton, Sir William, on no difficulty
emerging in theology which has not

emerged in philosophy, 14

the injurious consequences of his doc-
trine of the relativity of knowledge, 16
relegates idea of divine existence to

realm of faith, 16, 88

his teachings opened up way to Ideal-
ism, 16

sought to remedy defects of Reld,... 61
showed absurdity of representative

perception, 62

admitted a vitiating ideal element
into our knowledge of an external

object, 62

failed to explain why nan-ego must

be extended, 62

the limits of his Natural Realism, 62

his concessions to Idealism, 62

his classification of Idealists, 62, 63

his treatment of Objective Idealism,. 63

his reply to T. Collyns Simon, 64

grants too much to Berkeley, 64

on logical absurdity of demonstrating

the absolute from the relative, 84, 85

his view of will, 123

Haroun al Raschld, his generosity, 485

Harris, a Hegelian, 61

Hartley, his theory of vibrations. 7

Hartinann, a contributor to our knowl-
edge of the facts of man's nature,.. 97
Harvard, feelings in its Memorial Hall, 277

its legend, 285

Hazard on foreknowledge not essential
to supreme governing power of

universe, 100

Heathen, our impression of their guilt

weakened by New Theology, 176

can claim nothing from God, 176

are guilty, 176

Heathen, have a manifestation of Christ

in this life, 176

have a universal sense of sin, 176

Christ is doing supra-historic work

among them 176

may have an implicit faith in Christ, 177

may implicitly reject him 177

Heathen lands, Christ yearns over, more

than over Christian 369

Heaven, its rewards, 160,161

a realm of crowned heads, 162

a place of historic retrospect, 365

Heavens, the nine of Dante, 508,509

Hebrews, their purpose in history, 180

Hebrews2: 11, ("of one").explained,.. 209
Hegel developed the subjective ten-
dencies of Kant's philosophy, 8

the influence of his transcendental

Idealism, 31

his explanation of the development

of the One into the Many, 60

makes the rational the real, 90

his system opposed by the fact that
personal wills war against the ra-
tional, '. 60

with him "thinking thinks,"...61, 70,166
his teachings, a counter-weight to ag-
nostic materialism, 61

has found able advocates, 61

his teachings end by opposing facts

of history and morality, 61

regards God as universal, impersonal

intelligence and will, 167

his view of the soul, 167

on Christianity 'seeking the living

among the dead,' 484

Hegelian revival, these are days of,— 533
Helena, and the Holy Places of the East, 455

Hell, according to Dante, 508

inscription over its gate, 510

sign of God's estimate of sin,. 514

its fire nnd brimstone, of whatsymbol-

ical, - 514

many men already there in this life,. 514
ascent from, to Purgatory, how ac-
complished, 515

Hell-gate rock, illustration from its re-
moval, 380

"Help-meet" explained, 400

Henry Fourth at Canossa, 487

Heredity, confirmatory of Scripture

doctrine of unity of race 165

Hickok's illustration of the principle of

causality, 10

Higginson's question, "Ought women

to learn the alphabet," 421

Hiqh-mindedness, 580-583

Hildebrand, his character, 486

his failure to originate a Crusade,.. 486
History, on Spencer's principles, a fa-
talistic development, 55

History, Church, And One Who
Tadoht rr 337-343

History, mediaeval, its cardinal point,.. 497
History, and natural history, related,339-

Hohenstaufen, house of, its efforts 49T

Holbach, D\ J. Baron, a French sensa-
tionalist philosopher, 58-

HOLINESS Of God, The, 188-200-

Holiness, a reward of heaven 161

what? 189

only approximate among men, 189,190

binding on men apart from results,.. 194
its supremacy will be acknowledged

by an assembled universe, 200

Holland, its pile-supported cities, illus-
tration from, 3

Holmes on man. 13

Holy-places, their true place in religion, 484
Holyoake's description of the results of

Positivism, 13

Homiletics. a part of Theological Semi-
narytraining, 304

Htnuxtum, Cicero on, 55-

Hooker, on Inspiration, 148

Hopkins, on the moral quality of an

action being only in its nature, 117

on God as the cause of every event,. 169

Horse-back riding in Palestine, 475

Hotchkiss, Rev'd V. R.. D. D., a teacher
of Bible In the original languages at
Rochester Theological Seminary,.. 344
an ardent lover and student of the

Bible 344

his general information, 346

peculiarities of his instruction, 346

love of Bible-lands,.. 346

Howe, John, on inscription on Temple

at Delphi 4

Hughes, Archbishop, on the impressi-
bility of early life, 416

'Humanity collective,' an object of

worship in Cointe's new religion,... 13
Hume, David, makes a further applica-
tion of Berkeley's principle, 59, 166

Sydney Smith's witticism upon. - 59

his exclamation to Ferguson 73

urges that he never saw a world

made, 81

stigmatizes miracle as a violation or

suspension of natural law, 133

his argument against miracles a pef<~

tititri>rincipU, 143, 144

Humility, Augustine on, 582'

Humists, what the soul is to them, 50

some modern, 59

Hunt on matricide among FIjians, .411, 412
Hunt, Holman, his "Shadow of the

Cross" referred to, 202

"Husband of one wife," its meaning, . 441
Husbandmen, excluded from Plato's

ideal government, 44T

Huxley, Thomas, the subservience of

some divines to him, 9

his researches conducted in a mate-
rialistic spirit, 31

Huxley, Thomas, declares spontaneous

action an absurdity, 36, 37

his definition of matter, 59

ou the absurdity of wasting time on

"lunar politics,". 75 |

on substituting' the " must" of neces-
sity for the " will " of law, WO

Hypocrisy, its future punishment ac-
cording to Dante, 512

Ice-floe, illustration from an incident

upon, 256

Idea, In nature, what? 34

as regarded by absolute Idealist, 62

in non-egoistical Idealism, 62

does not guarantee actual exist-
ence, 84

according to Hegel, 97

Ideal, an, its advantage to the young, 19
Ideas, in nature, solely product Of

mind, 33

according to Berkeley, ... 63

according to modern idealism, 65

distinct from cognition of them, 65

and things, distinct from each other

according to common-sense, 66

Idealism, declares matter spirit, 6

its consummation, pantheism, 8

Idealism, Modern, 58-74

Idealism, its teaching, 58

originates with Locke, 58

as taught by Hume, 59

as taught by Humists 59

its mischievous effects, . 59

Kant's reaction against, 59, 60

Flchte's modification of, 60 j

of Hegel, extreme, 60.61

of Hegel, its influence, 61

Hamilton's concessions to, 62-64

Hamilton's classification of, 62

Idealism, modern, bow held by Lot//;, . 63

Berkeley's varying views of, 63

reasons for its prevalence, 64, 65

the objective form of, freest from ob-
jection, 65, 66

objective form of, compared with

natural realism, 66

assumes that mind can know only

ideas, 66

inconsistent with itself 66

must grant existence of self before

cognition of ideas, 66, 67

cannot consistently maintain that the
object perceived is different from

the act of perception, 67

Professor Knight on, 6"

ignores difference between body and

idea of body, 67

confounds outness with distance,...67, 68
finds in self the ground of unity for

mental phenomena, 68

should find in material substance
ground of unity for material phe-
nomena 68

Idealism, modern,confounds conditions
of external knowledge with objects

of knowledge, 68, 6>

each advocate of, must consistently
deny existence of any other save

himself, «»

takes refuge in consciousness of God,

69, 70

view of God, according to 70

is monistic, 70

denies that mind can know matter,.70, 71

its influence on Christian faith, 71-74

destroys distinction between possible

and actual, 71, 72

destroys distinction between truth

and error, 72

should logically declare that God is
the only cause in the realm of spirit,

72. 78

strikes at the roots of morality, 73

leads to solipsism, 73

as injurious as materialism, 73, 74

why opposed by Hamilton, 73

best remedy for, 74

its advocates, 166

its nature, 166

teaches an exaggerated Individualism, 166
commencing In particulars ends by

giving up individuality, 167

adopted by many modern theolo-
gians, 167

Identity, absolute, the system of, de-
clares matter and spirit formsof one

underlying substance, 6

Identity, based by Jonathan Edwards

on the absolute decree of God, 71

system of Edwards and the New The-
ology, 167

Idolatry, what? 484

Image, mental, not necessary to knowl-
edge, 50

Imagination, what? 527

alone, will not make a poet, 531

shares in man's eternal progress 543-

Impressions, mental, require thing im-
pressed and thing which impresses, 43
Incontinence, sins of, according to

Dante, 511

Inconceivability, to make it a test of

knowledge, erroneous, 51

Indestructibility of matter, a relative
not an absolute truth 44


Individuality, typified by nature, 156

In men's bodies and souls, 156

illustrates God's freedom, 156

men's, inferences from, 157-163

implies that each is guilty of peculiar

sins,.. 157

of sin, renders it a peculiar insult to

God and influence for evil, 157

of sin, requires a peculiar account to

God, 157

Individuality, of sin, renders each " the

sinner" and "chief of sinners," 158

of man, requires the adaptation of
peculiar wisdom and grace to save

him, 158

requires a personal election and call,. 158
requires an intercession on behalf of

each, 158

requires personal leadings of Provi-
dence 159

requires special discipline, 159

involves a special experience, 159

implies a peculiar work to do for God,

159, 160

involves a peculiar reward, 160

raised in heaven to its intensest

power, 161

should be characteristic of minister,. 555

Induction, Dr. Porter on, 85