And all the people went to Gilgal
Agreed to the motion, and marched along with Saul and Samuel thither:
and there they made Saul king before the Lord in Gilgal;
that is, they declared him to be king there; he was inaugurated into, and invested with his office, otherwise it was God only that made him king, who only had the power of making one, see ( Acts 2:36 ) . Josephus says F5 that Samuel anointed him with the holy oil; and so the Septuagint version here renders it,
``and Samuel anointed Saul there to be king;''and it is not improbable, that as he privately anointed him, he did it publicly also; if not at the election of him, then at this time; and it is observable, that in the next chapter, and not before, he is called the Lord's anointed. Now this was "before the Lord"; in this place; this being, as Abarbinel observes, a sanctified place, where the tabernacle and ark of God had been; and he supposes it probable that the ark was brought hither; but it was enough that the people and congregation of the Lord were here, and who, when assembled in his name, his presence was with them:
and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the
where an altar was built, and on which they offered these peace offerings by way of thanksgiving, partly for the victory obtained over the Ammonites, and partly for the renewal of the kingdom to Saul, and their unanimity in it, as well as to implore and obtain future peace and prosperity:
and there Saul, and all the people of Israel, rejoiced greatly;
they in their king, and he in the good will of his people, and both in the great salvation God had wrought for them.
F5 Ut supra, (Antiqu. l. 6. c. 5.) sect. 4.