The mighty God
In the Hebrew text it is "El", "Elohim", which Jarchi renders the "God of gods"; that is, of angels, who are so called, ( Psalms 8:5 ) ( 97:7 ) ; so Christ, who is God over all, is over them; he is their Creator, and the object of their worship, ( Hebrews 1:6 Hebrews 1:7 ) ; or of kings, princes, judges, and all civil magistrates, called gods, ( Psalms 82:1 Psalms 82:6 ) ; and so Kimchi interprets the phrase here "Judge of judges". Christ is King of kings, and Lord of lords, by whom they reign and judge, and to whom they are accountable. The Targum renders it "the mighty God"; as we do; which is the title and name of Christ in ( Isaiah 9:6 ) ; and well agrees with him, as appears by his works of creation, providence, and redemption, and by his government of his church and people; by all the grace, strength, assistance, and preservation they have from him now, and by all that glory and happiness they will be brought unto by him hereafter, when raised from the dead, according to his mighty power. It is added,
[even] the Lord, hath spoken:
or "Jehovah", Some have observed, that these three names, El, Elohim, Jehovah, here mentioned, have three very distinctive accents set to them, and which being joined to a verb singular, (rbd) , "hath spoken", contains the mystery of the trinity of Persons in the unity of the divine Essence; see ( Joshua 22:22 ) ; though rather all the names belong to Christ the Son of God, and who is Jehovah our righteousness, and to whom, he being the eternal Logos, speech is very properly ascribed. He hath spoken for the elect in the council and covenant of grace and peace, that they might be given to him; and on their behalf, that they might have grace and glory, and he might be their Surety, Saviour, and Redeemer. He hath spoken all things out of nothing in creation: he spoke with. Moses at the giving of the law on Mount Sinai: he, the Angel of God's presence, spoke for the Old Testament saints, and spoke good and comfortable words unto them: he hath spoken in his own person here on earth, and such words and with such authority as never man did; and he has spoken in his judgments and providences against the Jews; and he now speaks in his Gospel by his ministers: wherefore it follows,
and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down
which may be considered as a preface, exciting attention to what is after spoken, as being of moment and importance; see ( Deuteronomy 32:1 ) ; or as calling the earth, and so the heavens, ( Psalms 50:4 ) , to be witnesses of the justness and equity of his dealings with the Jews, for their rejection of him and his Gospel; see ( Deuteronomy 4:26 ) ; or rather as a call to the inhabitants of the earth to hear the Gospel; which had its accomplishment in the times of the apostles; when Christ having a people, not in Judea only, but in the several parts of the world from east to west, sent them into all the world with his Gospel, and by it effectually called them through his grace; and churches were planted everywhere to the honour of his name; compare with this ( Malachi 1:11 ) .