- The term beast is used by Daniel to describe several kings (Dan. Dan. 7:17). Of these four, the last is unique and especially terrible.
- The term beast is used both to denote the final kingdom and the final king which leads the kingdom among the ten horns (Dan. Dan. 7:11; Rev. Rev. 16:10+; Rev. 17:11-13+).
- The revival of the Beast makes him both a ruler of the seventh kingdom (Rev. Rev. 16:10+) and the final eighth head. The Beast is said to have seven heads and ten horns, yet he is also of the seven heads and himself also an eighth (Rev. Rev. 17:11+).
- Sometimes the term beast denotes a kingdom (Dan. Dan. 7:7, Dan. 7:11, Dan. 7:19; Rev. Rev. 13:1-2+). Other times an individual (Rev. Rev. 11:7+; Rev. 13:4+, Rev. 13:12-14+, Rev. 13:17-18+; Rev. 16:10+, Rev. 16:14+; Rev. 19:19-20+). Elsewhere, the same individual is represented as a horn (Dan. Dan. 7:8) and a head (Rev. Rev. 17:11+).
- John sees two beasts, one rising from the sea (Rev. Rev. 13:1+) and another from the earth (Rev. Rev. 13:11+). The first, more prominent beast is the one whom we describe here. We refer to the second beast from the earth using his alternate title as the False Prophet.
- Terrible Beast Missing - In Revelation Rev. 13:1+, no mention is made of the terrible beast which followed these three beasts in Daniels vision (Dan. Dan. 7:2-7). This is an indication that the Beast is an embodiment of that final terrible beastconsisting of the revival of the seventh king from his fatal wound out of the abyss [#17-#16] (Rev. Rev. 13:3+; Rev. 17:8+, Rev. 17:11+, Rev. 17:14+). The Beast ascends from the Abyss both temporally and physically (see Supernatural Origin?).
- Sequence of Beasts Reversed - In Daniels vision of the four beasts which are said to be kings, the sequence is first lion, then bear, then leopard, and finally the terrible beast. John relates the first three in opposite order. This reflects the different vantage points of Daniel and John. In Daniels day, the lion, bear, and leopard had not yet fallen. In Johns day, they have all fallen, but contribute to the final Beast. Daniel looks forward in time, whereas here John looks back.
|Characteristic||Daniels Little Horn||Beast of Revelation|
|Mouth||Speaks pompous words (Dan. Dan. 7:8, Dan. 7:11, Dan. 7:20, Dan. 7:25; Dan. 11:36).||Blasphemes against God, His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven (Rev. Rev. 13:6+).|
|Duration of Authority2||Saints given into his hand for time, times, and half a time (Dan. Dan. 7:25).||Given authority for 42 months (Rev. Rev. 13:5+).|
|Persecutes the Saints||Prevails over saints [#25-#20] (Dan. Dan. 7:21, Dan. 7:25).||Overcomes saints [#16-#20] (Rev. Rev. 12:11+; Rev. 13:7+, Rev. 13:15+; Rev. 20:4+).|
|Global Rule||Dan. Dan. 7:21-25||Rev. Rev. 13:7+ [#16-#1]|
|A King||Dan. Dan. 7:24||Rev. Rev. 17:10-11+|
|A Man||Eyes like a man (Dan. Dan. 7:8, Dan. 7:20).||The number of a man (Rev. Rev. 13:18+).|
|Destined for Perdition||Dan. Dan. 7:11||2Th. 2Th. 2:3; Rev. Rev. 17:8+, Rev. 17:11+; Rev. 19:20+; Rev. 20:10+|
|Time of Destruction||When saints receive kingdom (Dan. Dan. 7:26-27).||When saints receive kingdom (Rev. Rev. 20:4-6+).|
So as one of the seven, the beast is a kingdom, but as an eighth, he is the king of that kingdom who sustains the wound and ascends from the abyss after his wound (cf. Rev. Rev. 17:8+). When this occurs, he is king over an eighth kingdom because his reign following his ascent from the abyss will be far more dynamic and dominant than before. This is the sense in which he is one of the seven, but also an eighth.3When destroyed, he is bound for perdition (Dan. Dan. 7:11, Dan. 7:26; Dan. 8:25; Dan. 9:27; Dan. 11:25; 2Th. 2Th. 2:3-8; Rev. Rev. 17:8+, Rev. 17:11+; Rev. 19:20+; Rev. 20:10+).4 For additional background concerning the Beast, see The Beast and Nero. See commentary on Revelation 13.
1 Both will have a worldwide kingdom (Dan. Dan. 7:7, Dan. 7:23; Rev. Rev. 13:8+); both will speak blasphemies against God (Dan. Dan. 7:8, Dan. 7:11, Dan. 7:20, Dan. 7:25; Rev. Rev. 13:5+); both will have victory over the saints for forty-two months (Dan. Dan. 7:25; Rev. Rev. 12:14+; Rev. 13:5+); both will be destroyed by Christ at the Second Advent (Dan. Dan. 7:11, Dan. 7:26; Rev. Rev. 17:14+; Rev. 19:20+); and immediately after their destruction the kingdom will be given to Gods saints (Dan. Dan. 7:22, Dan. 7:27; Rev. Rev. 20:4-6+).Daniel K. Wong, The Beast From The Sea in Revelation 13, in Bibliotheca Sacra, vol. 160 no. 639 (Dallas, TX: Dallas Theological Seminary, July-September 2003), 338.
4 Destruction, ruin, or waste, especially through the eternal destruction brought upon the wicked by God (Heb. Heb. 10:39; 2Pe. 2Pe. 3:7). Jesus contrasted the broad way that leads to life with the difficult way that leads to destruction (Mtt. Mat. 7:13). The apostle Paul contrasted perdition with salvation (Php. Php. 1:28).Ronald F. Youngblood and R. K. Harrison, eds., Nelsons New Illustrated Bible Dictionary (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1997, c1995), s.v. Perdition.