The cup of blessing (to pothrion th eulogia). The cup over which we pronounce a blessing as by Christ at the institution of the ordinance. A communion of the blood of Christ (koinwnia tou aimato tou Cristou). Literally, a participation in (objective genitive) the blood of Christ. The word koinwnia is an old one from koinwno, partner, and so here and Philippians 2:1 ; Philippians 3:10 . It can mean also fellowship ( Galatians 2:9 ) or contribution ( 2 Corinthians 8:4 ; Philippians 1:5 ). It is, of course, a spiritual participation in the blood of Christ which is symbolized by the cup. Same meaning for koinwnia in reference to "the body of Christ." The bread which we break (ton arton on klwmen). The loaf. Inverse attraction of the antecedent (arton) to the case (accusative) of the relative (on) according to classic idiom (Robertson, Grammar, p. 488). Arto probably from arw, to join or fit (flour mixed with water and baked). The mention of the cup here before the bread does not mean that this order was observed for see the regular order of bread and then cup in Philippians 11:24-27 .