Who shall give account (oi apodwsousin logon). Future active indicative of apodidwmi. For this use with logon (account) see Matthew 12:36 ; Luke 16:2 ; Acts 19:40 ; Hebrews 13:17 . For the sudden use of the relative oi see Romans 3:8 . To him that is ready to judge (twi etoimw krinonti). Dative, "to the one readily judging," correct text, not etoimw econti krinai, "to the one ready to judge," which "softens the rugged original" (Hart). That is Christ apparently ( Romans 1:13 ; 2 Corinthians 5:10 ), but the Father in 2 Corinthians 1:17 . The quick and the dead (zwnta kai nekrou). "Living and dead." Those living at the time and those already dead ( 1 Thessalonians 4:15 ).