Revelation 1:20

The mystery of the seven stars (to musthrion twn epta asterwn). On the word musthrion see on Matthew 13:11 ; 2 Thessalonians 2:7 ; Colossians 1:26 . Here it means the inner meaning (the secret symbol) of a symbolic vision (Swete) as in Colossians 10:7 ; Colossians 13:18 ; Colossians 17:7 Colossians 17:9 ; Daniel 2:47 . Probably the accusative absolute (Charles), "as for the mystery" (Robertson, Grammar, pp. 490, 1130), as in Romans 8:3 . This item is picked out of the previous vision ( Revelation 1:16 ) as needing explanation at once and as affording a clue to what follows ( Rev 2:1 Rev 2:5 ). Which (ou). Masculine accusative retained without attraction to case of asterwn (genitive, wn). In my right hand (epi th dexia mou). Or "upon," but en th, etc., in verse Revelation 16 . And the seven golden candlesticks (kai ta epta lucnia ta crusa). "The seven lampstands the golden," identifying the stars of verse Revelation 16 with the lampstands of verse Revelation 12 . The accusative case here is even more peculiar than the accusative absolute musthrion, since the genitive lucniwn after musthrion is what one would expect. Charles suggests that John did not revise his work. The angels of the seven churches (aggeloi twn epta ekklhsiwn). Anarthrous in the predicate (angels of, etc.). "The seven churches" mentioned in Rev 1:4 Rev 1:11 . Various views of aggelo here exist. The simplest is the etymological meaning of the word as messenger from aggellw ( Matthew 11:10 ) as messengers from the seven churches to Patmos or by John from Patmos to the churches (or both). Another view is that aggelo is the pastor of the church, the reading thn gunaika sou (thy wife) in Matthew 2:20 (if genuine) confirming this view. Some would even take it to be the bishop over the elders as episcopo in Ignatius, but a separate aggelo in each church is against this idea. Some take it to be a symbol for the church itself or the spirit and genius of the church, though distinguished in this very verse from the churches themselves (the lampstands). Others take it to be the guardian angel of each church assuming angelic patrons to be taught in Matthew 18:10 ; Acts 12:15 . Each view is encompassed with difficulties, perhaps fewer belonging to the view that the "angel" is the pastor. Are seven churches (epta ekklhsiai eisin). These seven churches ( Acts 1:4 Acts 1:11 ) are themselves lampstands ( Acts 1:12 ) reflecting the light of Christ to the world ( Matthew 5:14-16 ; John 8:12 ) in the midst of which Christ walks ( Revelation 1:13 ).