2:2 And the LORD answered me, and said, Write the vision, and make it plain upon tables, that he may run that readeth it.
2:3 For the vision is yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry.
run that readeth it
2:5 Yea also, because he transgresseth by wine, he is a proud man, neither keepeth at home, who enlargeth his desire as hell, and is as death, and cannot be satisfied, but gathereth unto him all nations, and heapeth unto him all people:
To the watching prophet comes the response of the "vision" Habakkuk 2:2-20 ). Three elements are to be distinguished:
(1) The moral judgment of Jehovah upon the evils practised by dispersed Israel (Hab 5-13,15-19).
(2) The future purpose of God that, "the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of Jehovah, as the waters cover the sea" ( Habakkuk 2:14 ). That this revelation awaits the return of the Lord in glory is shown
(a) by the parallel passage in Isaiah 11:9-12 and
(b) by the quotation of verse 3 in Hebrews 10:37 Hebrews 10:38 where the "it" of the "vision" becomes "he" and refers to the return of the Lord. It is then, after the "vision" is fulfilled, that "the knowledge of the glory," etc, shall fill the earth. But
(3) meantime, "the just shall live by his faith." This great evangelic word is applied to Jew and Gentile in Romans 1:17 to the Gentiles in Galatians 3:11-14 and to Hebrews (especially) in Hebrews 10:38 . This opening of life to faith alone, makes possible not only the salvation of the Gentiles during the dispersion of Israel "among the nations" ; Habakkuk 1:5 ; Galatians 3:11-14 but also makes possible a believing remnant in Israel while the nation, as such, is in blindness and unbelief, (See Scofield "Romans 11:1") with neither priesthood nor temple, and consequently unable to keep the ordinances of the law. Such is Jehovah! In disciplinary government His ancient Israel is cast out of the land and judicially blinded 2 Corinthians 3:12-15 but in covenanted mercy the individual Jew may resort to the simple faith of Abraham ; Genesis 15:6 ; Romans 4:1-5 and be saved. But this does not set aside the Palestinian See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 " and Davidic See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ". Covenants, for "the earth shall be filled," etc. ( Habakkuk 2:14 ),and Jehovah will again be in His temple ( Habakkuk 2:20 ). Cf. ; Habakkuk 2:14 Habakkuk 2:20 ; Romans 11:25-27
2:13 Behold, is it not of the LORD of hosts that the people shall labour in the very fire, and the people shall weary themselves for very vanity?
Sheol is, in the O.T., the place to which the dead go.
(1) Often, therefore, it is spoken of as the equivalent of the grave, merely, where all human activities cease; the terminus toward which all human life moves (e.g. Genesis 42:38 grave Job 14:13 grave Psalms 88:3 grave
(2) To the man "under the sun," the natural man, who of necessity judges from appearances, sheol seems no more than the grave-- the end and total cessation, not only of the activities of life, but of life itself. Ecclesiastes 9:5 Ecclesiastes 9:10
(3) But Scripture reveals sheol as a place of sorrow 2 Samuel 22:6 ; Psalms 18:5 Psalms 116:3 ; in which the wicked are turned Psalms 9:17 and where they are fully conscious ; Isaiah 14:9-17 ; Ezekiel 32:21 see, especially, Jonah 2:2 what the belly of the great fish was to Jonah that sheol is to those who are therein). The sheol of the O.T. and hades of the N.T. (See Scofield "Luke 16:23") are identical.
2:14 For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
is it not Or, it is not of the LORD, etc., i.e. though permitted in His providence, not His plan. Cf. Micah 4:2-4 .
2:18 What profiteth the graven image that the maker thereof hath graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies, that the maker of his work trusteth therein, to make dumb idols?
For the earth shall be filled
Cf. Isaiah 11:9 which fixes the time when "the earth," etc. It is when David's righteous Branch has set up the kingdom. (See "Kingdom (O.T.)," ; 2 Samuel 7:9 ; Zechariah 12:8 also, "Kingdom (N.T.)," ; Luke 1:31-33 ; 1 Corinthians 15:28 . Habakkuk's phrase marks an advance on that of Isaiah. In the latter it is "the knowledge of the Lord." That, in a certain sense, is being diffused now; but in Habakkuk it is "the knowledge of the glory of the Lord," and that cannot be till He is manifested in glory ; Matthew 24:30 ; 25:31 ; Luke 9:26 ; 2 Thessalonians 1:7 ; 2:8 ; Jude 1:14 . The transfiguration was a foreview of this. Luke 9:26-29 .
trusteth (See Scofield "Psalms 2:12")