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Exodus 28:17

Overview - Exodus 28
Aaron and his sons are set apart for the priest's office.
Holy garments are appointed.
The ephod and girdle.
15 The breast-plate with twelve precious stones.
30 The Urim and Thummim.
31 The robe of the ephod, with pomegranates and bells.
36 The plate of the mitre.
39 The embroidered coat.
40 The garments for Aaron's sons.
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Exodus 28:17  (King James Version)
And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row.

thou shalt
Exodus 28:9 Exodus 28:11 ; 39:10-21 Malachi 3:17

set in it settings of stones
Hebrew fill in its fillings of
the first row.
Ezekiel 28:13 ; Revelation 21:19-21

a sardius, or, ruby
The Hebrew {odem,} from {adam,} to be red, ruddy, seems to denote the ruby; as {adam} does in Persian a beautiful gem, of a fine deep red colour, with a mixture of purple. Job 28:18 ; Proverbs 3:15 ; 8:11 20:15 31:10 Lamentations 4:7

a topaz
{Pitdah,} is constantly rendered by the LXX. [topazion,] and Vulgate, {topazius,} with which agrees Josephus. The topaz is a precious stone, of a pale, dead green, with a mixture of yellow, sometimes of a fine yellow; and hence called chrysolyte by the moderns, from its gold colour.
Job 28:19 ; Revelation 21:20

a carbuncle
{Bareketh,} from {barak,} to lighten, glitter, a very elegant gem, of a deep red colour, with a mixture of scarlet.
Isaiah 54:11 Isaiah 54:12