1 Kings 11:14-40 CSB

Solomon's Enemies

14 So the Lord raised up Hadad the Edomite as an enemy against Solomon. He was of the royal family in Edom.

References for 1 Kings 11:14

      15 Earlier, when David was in Edom, Joab, the commander of the army, had gone to bury the dead and had struck down every male in Edom.
      16 For Joab and all Israel had remained there six months, until he had killed every male in Edom.
      17 Hadad fled to Egypt, along with some Edomites from his father's servants. At the time Hadad was a small boy.
      18 Hadad and his men set out from Midian and went to Paran. They took men with them from Paran and went to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave Hadad a house, ordered that he [be given] food, and gave him land.
      19 Pharaoh liked Hadad so much that he gave him a wife, the sister of his own wife, Queen Tahpenes.
      20 Tahpenes' sister gave birth to Hadad's son Genubath. Tahpenes [herself] weaned him in Pharaoh's palace, and Genubath [lived] there along with Pharaoh's sons.
      21 When Hadad heard in Egypt that David rested with his fathers and that Joab, the commander of the army, was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, "Let me leave, so I can go to my own country."
      22 But Pharaoh asked him, "What do you lack here with me for you to want to go back to your own country?" "Nothing," he replied, "but please let me leave."
      23 God raised up Rezon son of Eliada as an enemy against Solomon. Rezon had fled from his master Hadadezer king of Zobah
      24 and gathered men to himself. He became captain of a raiding party when David killed the Zobaites. Hea went to Damascus, lived there, and became king in Damascus.

      References for 1 Kings 11:24

        • g 11:24 - LXX; Hb reads They
          25 Rezon was Israel's enemy throughout Solomon's reign, adding to the trouble Hadad [had caused]. He ruled over Aram,b but he loathed Israel.

          References for 1 Kings 11:25

            • h 11:25 - Two Hb mss, LXX, Syr read Edom
              26 Now Solomon's servant, Jeroboam son of Nebat, was an Ephraimite from Zeredah. His widowed mother's name was Zeruah. Jeroboam rebelled against Solomon,
              27 and this is the reason he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the supporting terraces [and] repaired the opening in the wall of the city of his father David.
              28 Now the man Jeroboam was capable, and Solomon noticed the young man because he was getting things done. So he appointed him over the entire labor force of the house of Joseph.c

              References for 1 Kings 11:28

                  29 During that time, the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite met Jeroboam on the road as Jeroboam came out of Jerusalem. Now Ahijah had wrapped himself with a new cloak, and the two of them were alone in the open field.
                  30 Then Ahijah took hold of the new cloak he had on, tore it into 12 pieces,
                  31 and said to Jeroboam, "Take 10 pieces for yourself, for this is what the Lord God of Israel says: 'I am about to tear the kingdom out of Solomon's hand. I will give you 10 tribes,d

                  References for 1 Kings 11:31

                    • j 11:31 - 1 Sm 15:27-28
                      32 but one tribe will remain his because of my servant Davide and because of Jerusalem, the city I chose out of all the tribes of Israel.f

                      References for 1 Kings 11:32

                        • k 11:32 - 2 Sm 7:15-16
                        • l 11:32 - 1 Kg 9:3; Dt 12:5
                          33 For they have abandoned Me; they have bowed the knee to Ashtoreth, the goddess of the Sidonians, to Chemosh, the god of Moab, and to Milcom, the god of the Ammonites. They have not walked in My ways to do right in My eyes and to carry out My statutes and My judgments as his father David did.
                          34 " 'However, I will not take the whole kingdom from his hand but will let him be ruler all the days of his life because of My servant David, whom I chose and who kept My commandments and My statutes.
                          35 I will take 10 tribes of the kingdom from his son's hand and give them to you.
                          36 I will give one tribe to his son, so that My servant David will always have a lamp before Meg in Jerusalem, the city I chose for Myself to put My name there.

                          References for 1 Kings 11:36

                            • m 11:36 - 1 Kg 15:4; 2 Sm 21:17; 2 Kg 8:19; 2 Ch 21:7; Ps 132:17
                              37 I will appoint you, and you will reign as king over all you want, and you will be king over Israel.
                              38 " 'After that, if you obey all I command you, walk in My ways, and do what is right in My sight in order to keep My statutes and My commandments as My servant David did, I will be with you. I will build you a lasting dynasty just as I built for David,h and I will give you Israel.

                              References for 1 Kings 11:38

                                  39 I will humble David's descendants, because of [their unfaithfulness], but not forever.' "i

                                  References for 1 Kings 11:39

                                    • o 11:39 - LXX omits and I will give . . . but not forever
                                      40 Therefore, Solomon tried to kill Jeroboam, but he fled to Egypt, to Shishak king of Egypt, where he remained until Solomon's death.