The Fall of Tyre's Ruler

1 The word of the Lord came to me:

References for Ezekiel 28:1

      2 "Son of man, say to the ruler of Tyre: This is what the Lord God says: Youra heart is proud, and you have said: I am a god;b I sit in the seat of gods in the heart of the sea. Yet you are a man and not a god, though you have regarded your heart as that of a god.

      References for Ezekiel 28:2

        • a 28:2 - Lit Because your
        • b 28:2 - Isa 14:14; 2 Th 2:4
          3 Yes, you are wiser than Daniel;c no secret is hidden from you!

          References for Ezekiel 28:3

            • c 28:3 - Dn 1:20; 2:20-23,28; 5:11-12
              4 By your wisdom and understanding you have acquired wealth for yourself. You have acquired gold and silver for your treasuries.
              5 By your great skill in trading you have increased your wealth, but your heart has become proud because of your wealth."
              6 Therefore this is what the Lord God says: Because you regard your heart as that of a god,
              7 I am about to bring strangersd against you, ruthless men from the nations. They will draw their swords against your magnificent wisdom and will defile your splendor.e

              References for Ezekiel 28:7

                  8 They will bring you down to the Pit,f and you will die a violent death in the heart of the sea.

                  References for Ezekiel 28:8

                    • f 28:8 - Ezk 26:20; Isa 14:15
                      9 Will you still say: I am a god, in the presence of those who killg you?h Yet you will be [shown to be] a man, not a god, in the hands of those who kill you.

                      References for Ezekiel 28:9

                        • g 28:9 - Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read of the one who kills
                        • h 28:9 - Ps 82:6-7
                          10 You will die the death of the uncircumcisedi at the hands of strangers.j For I have spoken. [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the declaration of the Lord God .

                          References for Ezekiel 28:10

                              A Lament for Tyre's King

                              11 The word of the Lord came to me:

                              References for Ezekiel 28:11

                                  12 "Son of man, lamentk for the king of Tyre and say to him: This is what the Lord God says: You were the seall of perfection,m full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.n

                                  References for Ezekiel 28:12

                                      13 You were in Eden,o the garden of God. Every kind of precious stone covered you: carnelian, topaz, and diamond,p beryl, onyx, and jasper, sapphire,q turquoiser and emerald.s Your mountings and settings were crafted in gold;t they were prepared on the day you were created.

                                      References for Ezekiel 28:13

                                        • o 28:13 - Ezk 31:9,16,18; 36:35; Gn 2:8
                                        • p 28:13 - Hb obscure
                                        • q 28:13 - Or lapis lazuli
                                        • r 28:13 - Or malachite, or garnet
                                        • s 28:13 - Or beryl
                                        • t 28:13 - Ex 28:17-20; 39:10-13; Rv 21:19-20
                                          14 You were an anointed guardian cherub,u forv I had appointed you. You were on the holy mountain of God; you walked among the fiery stones.

                                          References for Ezekiel 28:14

                                            • u 28:14 - Ezk 10:2-19; Gn 3:24; Ex 25:18-22
                                            • v 28:14 - Or With an anointed guardian cherub
                                              15 From the day you were created you were blameless in your ways until wickedness was found in you.
                                              16 Through the abundance of your trade,w you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I expelled you in disgrace from the mountain of God, and banished you, guardian cherub,x from among the fiery stones.

                                              References for Ezekiel 28:16

                                                • w 28:16 - Rv 18:16
                                                • x 28:16 - Or and the guardian cherub banished you
                                                  17 Your heart became proud because of your beauty; For the sake of your splendory you corrupted your wisdom. So I threw you down to the earth; I made a spectacle of you before kings.

                                                  References for Ezekiel 28:17

                                                      18 You profaned your sanctuaries by the magnitude of your iniquities in your dishonest trade. So I sent out fire from within you, and it consumed you.z I reduced you to ashes on the ground in the sight of everyone watching you.

                                                      References for Ezekiel 28:18

                                                          19 All those who know you among the nations are appalled at you.{ You have become an object of horror and will never exist again."|

                                                          References for Ezekiel 28:19

                                                            • { 28:19 - Ezk 26:16; 27:35
                                                            • | 28:19 - Ezk 26:21; 27:36