Jeremiah Dictates a Scroll

1 In the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah, king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the Lord:

References for Jeremiah 36:1

      2 "Take a scroll,a and write on it all the words I have spoken to you concerning Israel, Judah, and all the nations from the time I [first] spoke to you during Josiah's reign until today.

      References for Jeremiah 36:2

        • a 36:2 - Ps 40:7; Ezk 2:9
          3 Perhaps, when the house of Judah hears about all the disaster I am planning to bring on them, each one of them will turn from his evil way. Then I will forgive their wrongdoingb and sin."

          References for Jeremiah 36:3

            • b 36:3 - Jr 31:34; 33:8; 36:31
              4 So Jeremiah summoned Baruchc son of Neriah. At Jeremiah's dictation,d Baruch wrote on a scroll all the words the Lord had spoken to Jeremiah.

              References for Jeremiah 36:4

                • c 36:4 - Jr 32:12-16; 43:3,6; 45:1-2
                • d 36:4 - Lit From Jeremiah's mouth
                  5 Then Jeremiah commanded Baruch, "I am restricted; I cannot enter the temple of the Lord,
                  6 so you must go and read from the scroll-which you wrote at my dictatione-the words of the Lord in the hearing of the people at the temple of the Lord on a day of fasting. You must also read them in the hearing of all the Judeans who are coming from their cities.

                  References for Jeremiah 36:6

                    • e 36:6 - Lit wrote from my mouth
                      7 Perhaps their petition will come before the Lord,f and each one will turn from his evil way, for the anger and fury that the Lord has pronounced against this people are great."

                      References for Jeremiah 36:7

                        • f 36:7 - 1 Kg 8:28,45,49; Ps 119:170
                          8 So Baruch son of Neriah did everything Jeremiah the prophet had commanded him. At the Lord's temple he read the Lord's words from the scroll.

                          Baruch Reads the Scroll

                          9 In the fifth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah, king of Judah, in the ninth month, all the people of Jerusalem and all those coming in from Judah's cities into Jerusalem proclaimed a fast before the Lord.

                          References for Jeremiah 36:9

                              10 Then at the Lord's temple, in the chamber of Gemariah son of Shaphan the scribe,g in the upper courtyard at the opening of the New Gateh of the Lord's temple, in the hearing of all the people, Baruch read Jeremiah's words from the scroll.

                              References for Jeremiah 36:10

                                • g 36:10 - Jr 29:3; 2 Kg 22:3-14; 2 Ch 34:8-20
                                • h 36:10 - Jr 26:10
                                  11 When Micaiah son of Gemariah, son of Shaphan, heard all the words of the Lord from the scroll,
                                  12 he went down to the scribe's chamber in the king's palace. All the officials were sitting there-Elishama the scribe, Delaiah son of Shemaiah, Elnathan son of Achbor, Gemariah son of Shaphan, Zedekiah son of Hananiah, and all the other officials.
                                  13 Micaiah reported to them all the words he had heard when Baruch read from the scroll in the hearing of the people.
                                  14 Then all the officials sent [word] to Baruch through Jehudi son of Nethaniah, son of Shelemiah, son of Cushi, saying, "Bring the scroll that you read in the hearing of the people, and come." So Baruch son of Neriah took the scroll and went to them.
                                  15 They said to him, "Sit down and read [it] in our hearing." So Baruch read [it] in their hearing.
                                  16 When they had heard all the words, they turned to each other in fear and said to Baruch, "We must surely tell the king all these things."
                                  17 Then they asked Baruch, "Tell us-how did you write all these words? At his dictation?"i

                                  References for Jeremiah 36:17

                                    • i 36:17 - Lit From his mouth
                                      18 Baruch said to them, "At his dictation.j He recited all these words to me while I was writing on the scroll in ink."

                                      References for Jeremiah 36:18

                                        • j 36:18 - Lit From his mouth

                                          Jehoiakim Burns the Scroll

                                          19 The officials said to Baruch, "You and Jeremiah must hide yourselves and tell no one where you are."

                                          References for Jeremiah 36:19

                                              20 Then they came to the king at the courtyard, having deposited the scroll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and reported everything in the hearing of the king.
                                              21 The king sent Jehudi to get the scroll, and he took it from the chamber of Elishama the scribe. Jehudi then read it in the hearing of the king and all the officials who were standing by the king.
                                              22 Since it was the ninth month, the king was sitting in his winter quartersk with a fire burning in front of him.

                                              References for Jeremiah 36:22

                                                  23 As soon as Jehudi would read three or four columns, Jehoiakim would cut the scrolll with a scribe's knife and throw the columns into the blazing fire until the entire scroll was consumed by the fire in the brazier.

                                                  References for Jeremiah 36:23

                                                    • l 36:23 - Lit columns, he would tear it
                                                      24 As they heard all these words, the king and all of his servants did not become terrified or tear their garments.
                                                      25 Even though Elnathan, Delaiah, and Gemariah had urged the king not to burn the scroll, he would not listen to them.
                                                      26 Then the king commanded Jerahmeel the king's son, Seraiah son of Azriel, and Shelemiah son of Abdeel to seize Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet, but the Lord had hidden them.

                                                      Jeremiah Dictates Another Scroll

                                                      27 After the king had burned the scroll with the words Baruch had written at Jeremiah's dictation,m the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah:

                                                      References for Jeremiah 36:27

                                                        • m 36:27 - Lit written from Jeremiah's mouth
                                                          28 "Take another scroll, and once again write on it the very words that were on the original scroll that Jehoiakim king of Judah burned.
                                                          29 You are to proclaim concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah: This is what the Lord says: You have burned the scroll, saying: Why have you written on it: The king of Babylon will certainly come and destroy this land and cause it to be without man or beast?
                                                          30 Therefore, this is what the Lord says concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah: He will have no one to sit on David's throne, and his corpse will be thrown out [to be exposed] to the heat of day and the frost of night.n

                                                          References for Jeremiah 36:30

                                                              31 I will punish him, his descendants, and his officers for their wrongdoing. I will bring on them, on the residents of Jerusalem, and on the men of Judah all the disaster, which I warned them about but they did not listen."
                                                              32 Then Jeremiah took another scroll and gave it to Baruch son of Neriah, the scribe, and he wrote on it at Jeremiah's dictationo all the words of the scroll that Jehoiakim, Judah's king, had burned in the fire. And many other words like them were added.

                                                              References for Jeremiah 36:32

                                                                • o 36:32 - Lit it from Jeremiah's mouth