Revelation 11:1-14 CSB

The Two Witnesses

1 Then I was given a measuring reeda like a rod,b with these words: "Goc and measure God's sanctuary and the altar, and [count] those who worship there.

References for Revelation 11:1

    • a 11:1 - Ezk 40:3, 5; 42:15-19; Rv 21:15
    • b 11:1 - Other mss add and the angel stood up
    • c 11:1 - Lit Arise
      2 But exclude the courtyard outside the sanctuary. Don't measure it, because it is given to the nations,d and they will trample the holy city for 42 months.

      References for Revelation 11:2

        • d 11:2 - Or Gentiles
          3 I will empowere my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days,f g dressed in sackcloth."h

          References for Revelation 11:3

            • e 11:3 - Lit I will give to
            • f 11:3 - Three and a half years of thirty-day months
            • g 11:3 - Dn 12:11; Rv 12:6,14; 13:5
            • h 11:3 - Mourning garment of coarse, often black, material
              4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord i of the earth.j

              References for Revelation 11:4

                • i 11:4 - Other mss read God
                • j 11:4 - Zch 4:3,11-14
                  5 If anyone wants to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and consumes their enemies;k if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way.

                  References for Revelation 11:5

                      6 These men have the power to close the sky so that it does not rain during the days of their prophecy.l They also have power over the waters to turn them into blood,m and to strike the earth with any plague whenever they want.

                      References for Revelation 11:6

                        • l 11:6 - 1 Kg 17:1
                        • m 11:6 - Ex 7:17-21

                          The Witnesses Martyred

                          7 When they finish their testimony, the beastn o that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, conquer them, and kill them.

                          References for Revelation 11:7

                            • n 11:7 - Or wild animal
                            • o 11:7 - Rv 13:1,11; 17:8
                              8 Their dead bodiesp will lie in the public squareq of the great city, which is called, prophetically,r Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified.

                              References for Revelation 11:8

                                • p 11:8 - Lit Their corpse
                                • q 11:8 - Or lie on the broad street
                                • r 11:8 - Or spiritually, or symbolically
                                  9 And representatives froms the peoples, tribes, languages, and nations will view their bodies for three and a half days and not permit their bodies to be put into a tomb.

                                  References for Revelation 11:9

                                    • s 11:9 - Lit And from
                                      10 Those who live on the earth will gloat over them and celebrate and send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who live on the earth.

                                      The Witnesses Resurrected

                                      11 But after the three and a half days, the breatht of lifeu from God entered them, and they stood on their feet. So great fear fell on those who saw them.

                                      References for Revelation 11:11

                                        • t 11:11 - Or spirit
                                        • u 11:11 - Gn 2:7; 6:17; 7:15,22; Ezk 37:5
                                          12 Then they heardv a loud voice from heaven saying to them, "Come up here." They went up to heaven in a cloud, while their enemies watched them.w

                                          References for Revelation 11:12

                                            • v 11:12 - Other mss read Then I heard
                                            • w 11:12 - 2 Kg 2:1; Mk 16:19; Lk 24:51; Ac 1:9-10
                                              13 At that moment a violent earthquake took place,x a tenth of the city fell, and 7,000 people were killed in the earthquake. The survivors were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

                                              References for Revelation 11:13

                                                • x 11:13 - Isaiah 29:6; Ezk 38:19
                                                  14 The second woey has passed. Take note: the third woe is coming quickly!

                                                  References for Revelation 11:14

                                                    • y 11:14 - Rv 8:13; 9:12