1 Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel:
2 to know wisdom and instruction; a to discern the words of understanding;

References for Proverbs 1:2

    • a 1:2 - 'Wisdom' here and in ver. 7 is chokmah. 'Instruction' means also, 'correction,' 'warning,' 'discipline,' Job 36.10.
      3 to receive the instruction of wisdom, b righteousness and judgment, and equity;

      References for Proverbs 1:3

        • b 1:3 - Sachal, it means 'intelligence,' 'circumspection,' and 'understanding,' as in ch. 3.4, also 'success,' 'good esteem:' see 'succeeded better,' 1Sam. 18.30.
          4 to give prudence to the simple, c to the young man knowledge and discretion. d

          References for Proverbs 1:4

            • c 1:4 - 'Simple,' in this book, means one lacking in the powers of the soul and mind, and hence easily enticed and misled.
            • d 1:4 - Or 'reflection,' 'sagacity.'
              5 He that is wise will hear, and will increase learning; and the intelligent will gain e wise counsels:

              References for Proverbs 1:5

                • e 1:5 - Or 'get:' so ch. 4.5,7.
                  6 to understand a proverb and an allegory, the words of the wise and their enigmas.
                  7 The fear of Jehovah is the beginning of knowledge: fools f despise wisdom g and instruction.

                  References for Proverbs 1:7

                    • f 1:7 - Eveel. It is the generic word, but has two shades of meaning according as it is opposed to chakam, 'wise,' or aroom, 'prudent,' 'wary,' ch. 12.16. But the idea of 'wickedness' is not absent from it. As to details, kesil is usually rendered 'foolish,' as ver. 22; ch. 12.23, nabal is rather 'vile,' 'impious:' see 1Sam. 25.3,25.
                    • g 1:7 - See ver. 2.