1 Why are the nations in tumultuous agitation, and [why] do the peoples meditate a vain thing?

References for Psalms 2:1

    • a 2:1 - Leummim, a general word for 'the races of mankind.'
      2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the princes plot together, against Jehovah and against his anointed:

      References for Psalms 2:2

        • b 2:2 - Or 'stand up.'
          3 Let us break their bonds asunder, and cast away their cords from us!
          4 He that dwelleth in the heavens shall laugh, the Lord shall have them in derision.

          References for Psalms 2:4

            • c 2:4 - Adonai.
              5 Then will he speak to them in his anger, and in his fierce displeasure will he terrify them:
              6 And *I* have anointed my king upon Zion, the hill of my holiness.

              References for Psalms 2:6

                • d 2:6 - Or 'installed:' see Prov. 8.23.
                  7 I will declare the decree: Jehovah hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; *I* this day have begotten thee.
                  8 Ask of me, and I will give thee nations for an inheritance, and for thy possession the ends of the earth:

                  References for Psalms 2:8

                    • e 2:8 - Erets, 'land,' but the plural 'ends' seems to involve the meaning 'earth:' see 1Sam. 2.8,10; Ps. 72.8; Isa. 49.6; Acts 13.47.
                      9 Thou shalt break them with a sceptre of iron, as a potter's vessel thou shalt dash them in pieces.

                      References for Psalms 2:9

                        • f 2:9 - Or 'rod:' see Gen. 49.10.
                          10 And now, O kings, be ye wise, be admonished, ye judges of the earth.

                          References for Psalms 2:10

                            • g 2:10 - Or 'consider well.'
                              11 Serve Jehovah with fear, and rejoice with trembling.
                              12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish in the way, though his anger burn but a little. Blessed are all who have their trust in him.

                              References for Psalms 2:12

                                • h 2:12 - Or 'for soon his anger burneth.'
                                • i 2:12 - 'Take refuge,' as Ps. 61.4: same root word as 'refuge,' in Ps. 14.6, &c., and 'trust' in 2Sam. 22.3.