19 But I say, Has not Israel known? First, Moses says, *I* will provoke you to jealousy through [them that are] not a nation: through a nation without understanding I will anger you.

References for Romans 10:19

    • n 10:19 - See Deut. 32.21.
    • o 10:19 - Epi, 'through,' signifies the occasion or condition under which a thing happens, not the means of, as an instrument: 'through' expresses this more nearly than 'by.' See Note, ch. 5.14, 'in.'