1 I say then, Has God cast away his people? Far be the thought. For *I* also am an Israelite, of [the] seed of Abraham, of [the] tribe of Benjamin.
2 God has not cast away his people whom he foreknew. Know ye not what the scripture says in [the history of] Elias, how he pleads with God against Israel?

References for Romans 11:2

    • a 11:2 - See 1Kings 19.14-18.
      3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, they have dug down thine altars; and *I* have been left alone, and they seek my life.
      4 But what says the divine answer to him? I have left to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed knee to Baal.

      References for Romans 11:4

        • b 11:4 - 'Baal' has the feminine article. It was adored in Syria in masculine and feminine characters.
          5 Thus, then, in the present time also there has been a remnant according to election of grace.
          6 But if by grace, no longer of works: since [otherwise] grace is no more grace.

          References for Romans 11:6

            • c 11:6 - See Note, Matt. 18.32.
              7 What [is it] then? What Israel seeks for, that he has not obtained; but the election has obtained, and the rest have been blinded,

              References for Romans 11:7

                • d 11:7 - Or 'hardened,' 'made obdurate in heart.'
                  8 according as it is written, God has given to them a spirit of slumber, eyes not to see, and ears not to hear, unto this day.

                  References for Romans 11:8

                    • e 11:8 - See Deut. 29.4; Isa. 6.9,10; 29.10.
                      9 And David says, Let their table be for a snare, and for a gin, and for a fall-trap, and for a recompense to them:

                      References for Romans 11:9

                        • f 11:9 - See Ps. 69.22-23.
                          10 let their eyes be darkened not to see, and bow down their back alway.
                          11 I say then, Have they stumbled in order that they might fall? Far be the thought: but by their fall [there is] salvation to the nations to provoke them to jealousy.
                          12 But if their fall [be the] world's wealth, and their loss [the] wealth of [the] nations, how much rather their fulness?
                          13 For I speak to you, the nations, inasmuch as *I* am apostle of nations, I glorify my ministry;
                          14 if by any means I shall provoke to jealousy [them which are] my flesh, and shall save some from among them.
                          15 For if their casting away [be the] world's reconciliation, what [their] reception but life from among [the] dead?
                          16 Now if the first-fruit [be] holy, the lump also; and if the root [be] holy, the branches also.
                          17 Now if some of the branches have been broken out, and *thou*, being a wild olive tree, hast been grafted in amongst them, and hast become a fellow-partaker of the root and of the fatness of the olive tree,
                          18 boast not against the branches; but if thou boast, [it is] not *thou* bearest the root, but the root thee.
                          19 Thou wilt say then, The branches have been broken out in order that *I* might be grafted in.
                          20 Right: they have been broken out through unbelief, and *thou* standest through faith. Be not high-minded, but fear:
                          21 if God indeed has not spared the natural branches; lest it might be he spare not thee either.

                          References for Romans 11:21

                            • g 11:21 - This is another case where the grammatical structure is not complete. It may well be taken, 'fear ... lest he spare not thee;' the beginning of ver. 21 adding a supplementary thought, of which the apostle's mind was full; still it is a broken phrase.
                              22 Behold then [the] goodness and severity of God: upon them who have fallen, severity; upon thee goodness of God, if thou shalt abide in goodness, since [otherwise] *thou* also wilt be cut away.

                              References for Romans 11:22

                                • h 11:22 - The subjunctive, 'if thou shouldest abide,' or 'abidest.' There are three degrees of condition in Greek: indicative, if the fact arrives; subjunctive, doubtful if it will; and conditional, of uncertain probability.
                                  23 And *they* too, if they abide not in unbelief, shall be grafted in; for God is able again to graft them in.
                                  24 For if *thou* hast been cut out of the olive tree wild by nature, and, contrary to nature, hast been grafted into the good olive tree, how much rather shall they, who are according to nature be grafted into their own olive tree?
                                  25 For I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, of this mystery, that ye may not be wise in your own conceits, that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the nations be come in;

                                  References for Romans 11:25

                                    • i 11:25 - Or 'obdurateness,' as ver. 7.
                                      26 and so all Israel shall be saved. According as it is written, The deliverer shall come out of Zion; he shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.

                                      References for Romans 11:26

                                        • j 11:26 - See Isa. 59.20-21.
                                          27 And this is the covenant from me to them, when I shall have taken away their sins.
                                          28 As regards the glad tidings, [they are] enemies on your account; but as regards election, beloved on account of the fathers.
                                          29 For the gifts and the calling of God [are] not subject to repentance.

                                          References for Romans 11:29

                                            • k 11:29 - i.e. 'irrevocable.' The Greek only occurs here and 2Cor. 7.10, 'never to be regretted.'
                                              30 For as indeed *ye* [also] once have not believed in God, but now have been objects of mercy through the unbelief of *these*;

                                              References for Romans 11:30

                                                • l 11:30 - See Note q, ch. 10.21.
                                                  31 so these also have now not believed in your mercy, in order that *they* also may be objects of mercy.

                                                  References for Romans 11:31

                                                    • m 11:31 - This means that the Jews would not believe in the mercy shown to the Gentiles, and thus lost the glad tidings of the grace of God for themselves; and thus, their right to the promises being gone, they come in at the end as objects of mere mercy, as any poor Gentile might be, though, by that mercy, God accomplishes his promises, to which, as to their present responsibility, they had lost all title. It is this which gives rise to the apostle's expressions of admiration as to the wisdom of God.
                                                      32 For God hath shut up together all in unbelief, in order that he might shew mercy to all.
                                                      33 O depth of riches both of [the] wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable his judgments, and untraceable his ways!

                                                      References for Romans 11:33

                                                        • n 11:33 - Or 'O depth of God's riches, and wisdom, and knowledge.'
                                                          34 For who has known [the] mind of [the] Lord, or who has been his counsellor?
                                                          35 or who has first given to him, and it shall be rendered to him?

                                                          References for Romans 11:35

                                                            • o 11:35 - See Isa. 40.13; Job. 41.11.
                                                              36 For of him, and through him, and for him [are] all things: to him be glory for ever. Amen.

                                                              References for Romans 11:36

                                                                • p 11:36 - 'Of,' ek; 'through,' dia; 'for,' eis.