Compare Translations for Deuteronomy 22:23

Deuteronomy 22:23 ASV
If there be a damsel that is a virgin betrothed unto a husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;
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Deuteronomy 22:23 BBE
If a young virgin has given her word to be married to a man, and another man meeting her in the town, has connection with her;
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Deuteronomy 22:23 CEB
If a young woman who is a virgin is engaged to one man and another man meets up with her in a town and has sex with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 CJB
"If a girl who is a virgin is engaged to a man, and another man comes upon her in the town and has sexual relations with her;
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Deuteronomy 22:23 RHE
If a man have espoused a damsel that is a virgin, and some one find her in the city, and lie with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 ESV
"If there is a betrothed virgin, and a man meets her in the city and lies with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 GW
his is what you must do when a man has sexual intercourse with a virgin who is engaged to another man. If this happens in a city,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 GNT
"Suppose a man is caught in a town having intercourse with a young woman who is engaged to someone else.
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Deuteronomy 22:23 HNV
If there be a young lady who is a virgin pledged to be married to a husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;
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Deuteronomy 22:23 CSB
If there is a young woman who is a virgin engaged to a man, and [another] man encounters her in the city and has sex with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 KJV
If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed unto an husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;
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Deuteronomy 22:23 LEB
"If it happens [that] a young woman, a virgin, [is] engaged to a man, [and] a man finds her in the town and lies with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 NAS
"If there is a girl who is a virgin engaged to a man, and another man finds her in the city and lies with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 NCV
If a man meets a virgin in a city and has sexual relations with her, but she is engaged to another man,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 NIRV
Suppose a man happens to see a virgin in a town. And she has promised to get married to another man. But the man who happens to see her has sex with her.
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Deuteronomy 22:23 NIV
If a man happens to meet in a town a virgin pledged to be married and he sleeps with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 NKJV
"If a young woman who is a virgin is betrothed to a husband, and a man finds her in the city and lies with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 NLT
"Suppose a man meets a young woman, a virgin who is engaged to be married, and he has sexual intercourse with her. If this happens within a town,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 NRS
If there is a young woman, a virgin already engaged to be married, and a man meets her in the town and lies with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 RSV
"If there is a betrothed virgin, and a man meets her in the city and lies with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 DBY
If a damsel, a virgin, be betrothed to some one, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 MSG
If a man comes upon a virgin in town, a girl who is engaged to another man, and sleeps with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 WBT
If a damsel [that is] a virgin shall be betrothed to a husband, and a man shall find her in the city, and lie with her;
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Deuteronomy 22:23 TMB
"If a damsel who is a virgin be betrothed unto a husband, and a man find her in the city and lie with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 TNIV
If a man happens to meet in a town a virgin pledged to be married and he sleeps with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 TYN
Yf a mayde be hanfasted vnto an husbonde, and then a man finde her in the towne and leye with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 WEB
If there be a young lady who is a virgin pledged to be married to a husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;
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Deuteronomy 22:23 WYC
If a man espouseth a damsel (who is a) virgin, and another man findeth her in the city, and doeth lechery with her,
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Deuteronomy 22:23 YLT
`When there is a damsel, a virgin, betrothed to a man, and a man hath found her in a city, and lain with her;
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Deuteronomy 22 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 22

Of humanity towards brethren. (1-4) Various precepts. (5-12) Against impurity. (13-30)

Verses 1-4 If we duly regard the golden rule of "doing to others as we would they should do unto us," many particular precepts might be omitted. We can have no property in any thing that we find. Religion teaches us to be neighbourly, and to be ready to do all good offices to all men. We know not how soon we may have occasion for help.

Verses 5-12 God's providence extends itself to the smallest affairs, and his precepts do so, that even in them we may be in the fear of the Lord, as we are under his eye and care. Yet the tendency of these laws, which seem little, is such, that being found among the things of God's law, they are to be accounted great things. If we would prove ourselves to be God's people, we must have respect to his will and to his glory, and not to the vain fashions of the world. Even in putting on our garments, as in eating or in drinking, all must be done with a serious regard to preserve our own and others' purity in heart and actions. Our eye should be single, our heart simple, and our behaviour all of a piece.

Verses 13-30 These and the like regulations might be needful then, and yet it is not necessary that we should curiously examine respecting them. The laws relate to the seventh commandment, laying a restraint upon fleshly lusts which war against the soul.

Deuteronomy 22 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 22

Deuteronomy 22:1-4 . OF HUMANITY TOWARD BRETHREN.

1. Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them, &c.--"Brother" is a term of extensive application, comprehending persons of every description; not a relative, neighbor, or fellow countryman only, but any human being, known or unknown, a foreigner, and even an enemy ( Exodus 23:4 ). The duty inculcated is an act of common justice and charity, which, while it was taught by the law of nature, was more clearly and forcibly enjoined in the law delivered by God to His people. Indifference or dissimulation in the circumstances supposed would not only be cruelty to the dumb animals, but a violation of the common rights of humanity; and therefore the dictates of natural feeling, and still more the authority of the divine law, enjoined that the lost or missing property of another should be taken care of by the finder, till a proper opportunity occurred of restoring it to the owner.

Deuteronomy 22:5-12 . THE SEX TO BE DISTINGUISHED BY APPAREL.

5. The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment--Though disguises were assumed at certain times in heathen temples, it is probable that a reference was made to unbecoming levities practised in common life. They were properly forbidden; for the adoption of the habiliments of the one sex by the other is an outrage on decency, obliterates the distinctions of nature by fostering softness and effeminacy in the man, impudence and boldness in the woman as well as levity and hypocrisy in both; and, in short, it opens the door to an influx of so many evils that all who wear the dress of another sex are pronounced "an abomination unto the Lord."

6, 7. If a bird's nest chance to be before thee--This is a beautiful instance of the humanizing spirit of the Mosaic law, in checking a tendency to wanton destructiveness and encouraging a spirit of kind and compassionate tenderness to the tiniest creatures. But there was wisdom as well as humanity in the precept; for, as birds are well known to serve important uses in the economy of nature, the extirpation of a species, whether of edible or ravenous birds, must in any country be productive of serious evils. But Palestine, in particular, was situated in a climate which produced poisonous snakes and scorpions; and the deserts and mountains would have been overrun with them as well as immense swarms of flies, locusts, mice, and vermin of various kinds if the birds which fed upon them were extirpated [MICHAELIS]. Accordingly, the counsel given in this passage was wise as well as humane, to leave the hen undisturbed for the propagation of the species, while the taking of the brood occasionally was permitted as a check to too rapid an increase.

8. thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence--The tops of houses in ancient Judea, as in the East still, were flat, being composed of branches or twigs laid across large beams, and covered with a cement of clay or strong plaster. They were surrounded by a parapet breast high. In summer the roof is a favorite resort for coolness, and accidents would frequently happen from persons incautiously approaching the edge and falling into the street or court; hence it was a wise and prudent precaution in the Jewish legislator to provide that a stone balustrade or timber railing round the roof should form an essential part of every new house.

9. Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers

10. Thou shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together--Whether this association, like the mixture of seeds, had been dictated by superstitious motives and the prohibition was symbolical, designed to teach a moral lesson ( 2 Corinthians 6:14 ), may or may not have been the case. But the prohibition prevented a great inhumanity still occasionally practised by the poorer sort in Oriental countries. An ox and ass, being of different species and of very different characters, cannot associate comfortably, nor unite cheerfully in drawing a plough or a wagon. The ass being much smaller and his step shorter, there would be an unequal and irregular draft. Besides, the ass, from feeding on coarse and poisonous weeds, has a fetid breath, which its yoke fellow seeks to avoid, not only as poisonous and offensive, but producing leanness, or, if long continued, death; and hence, it has been observed always to hold away its head from the ass and to pull only with one shoulder.

11. thou shalt not wear a garment of divers sorts--The essence of the crime ( Zephaniah 1:8 ) consisted, not in wearing a woollen and a linen robe, but in the two stuffs being woven together, according to a favorite superstition of ancient idolaters

12. thou shalt make thee fringes upon the four quarters--or, according to some eminent biblical interpreters, tassels on the coverlet of the bed. The precept is not the same as Numbers 15:38 .

13-30. If a man take a wife, &c.--The regulations that follow might be imperatively needful in the then situation of the Israelites; and yet, it is not necessary that we should curiously and impertinently inquire into them. So far was it from being unworthy of God to leave such things upon record, that the enactments must heighten our admiration of His wisdom and goodness in the management of a people so perverse and so given to irregular passions. Nor is it a better argument that the Scriptures were not written by inspiration of God to object that this passage, and others of a like nature, tend to corrupt the imagination and will be abused by evil-disposed readers, than it is to say that the sun was not created by God, because its light may be abused by wicked men as an assistant in committing crimes which they have meditated [HORNE].