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Mesha

Mesha [N] [E] [H]

(freedom ).

  1. The name of one of the geographical limits of the Joktanites when they first settled in Arabia. ( Genesis 10:30 )
  2. The king of Moab who was tributary to Ahab, ( 2 Kings 3:4 ) but when Ahab fell at Ramoth-gilead, Mesha refused to pay tribute to his successor, Jehoram. When Jehoram succeeded to the throne of Israel, one of his first acts was to secure the assistance of Jehoshaphat, his fathers ally, in reducing the Moabites to their former condition of tributaries. The Moabites were defeated, and the king took refuge in his last stronghold, and defended himself with the energy of despair. With 700 fighting men he made a vigorous attempt to cut his way through the beleaguering army, and when beaten back, he withdrew to the wall of his city, and there, in sight of the allied host, offered his first-born son, his successor in the kingdom, as a burnt offering to Chemosh, the ruthless fire-god of Moab. His bloody sacrifice had so far the desired effect that the besiegers retired from him to their own land. (At Dibon in Moab has lately been discovered the famous Moabite Stone, which contains inscriptions concerning King Mesha and his wars, and which confirms the Bible account. --ED.)
  3. The eldest son of Caleb the son of Hezron by his wife Azubah, as Kimchi conjectures. ( 1 Chronicles 2:42 )
  4. A Benjamite, son of Shabaraim by his wife Hodesh, who bore him in the land of Moab. ( 1 Chronicles 8:9 )

[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
[H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

Bibliography Information

Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Mesha'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.