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Barzillai

Barzillai [N] [H] [S]

of iron.

  • A Meholathite, the father of Adriel ( 2 Samuel 21:8 ).

  • A Gileadite of Rogelim who was distinguished for his loyalty to David. He liberally provided for the king's followers ( 2 Samuel 17:27 ). David on his death-bed, remembering his kindness, commended Barzillai's children to the care of Solomon ( 1 Kings 2:7 ).

  • A priest who married a daughter of the preceding ( Ezra 2:61 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Barzillai". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Barzillai [N] [E] [S]

    son of contempt; made of iron
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Barzillai'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    BARZILLAI

    bar-zil'-a-i, bar-zil'-i (barzillay; Berzelli, "man of iron" (BDB, but compare Cheyne, Encyclopedia Biblica)):

    (1) A Gileadite of Rogelim who brought provisions to David and his army to Mahanaim, in their flight from Absalom (2 Samuel 17:27-29). When David was returning to Jerusalem after Absalom's defeat, Barzillai conducted him over Jordan, but being an old man of 80 years of age, he declined David's invitation to come to live in the capital, and sent instead his son Chimham (2 Samuel 19:31-39). David before his death charged Solomon to "show kindness unto the sons of Barzillai." (1 Kings 2:7). Cheyne in Encyclopedia Biblica, without giving any reason, differentiates this Barzillai from Barzillai the Gileadite (Ezra 2:61 = Nehemiah 7:63). See (2) below.

    (2) The father of a family of priests who in Ezra's time, after the return of the exiles, could not trace their genealogy. "Therefore were they deemed polluted and put from the priesthood." This Barzillai had taken "a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite," and had adopted his wife's family name (Ezra 2:61,62 = Nehemiah 7:63,64). His original name is given as Jaddus (the King James Version Addus) (1 Esdras 5:38). (See ZORZELLEUS; the Revised Version, margin "Phaezeldaeus.")

    (3) Barzillai the Meholathite, whose son Adriel was married to Saul's daughter, either Michal (2 Samuel 21:8) or Merab (1 Samuel 18:19).

    T. Rees


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'BARZILLAI'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.