Esther 1:1-3 NIV

Queen Vashti Deposed

1 This is what happened during the time of Xerxes,a1 the Xerxes who ruled over %"127 provinces2 stretching from India to Cushb:3

References for Esther 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Hebrew "Ahasuerus," a variant of Xerxes' Persian name; here and throughout Esther
    • b 1:1 - That is, the upper Nile region
      2 At that time King Xerxes reigned from his royal throne in the citadel of Susa,4

      References for Esther 1:2

      3 and in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet5 for all his nobles and officials. The military leaders of Persia and Media, the princes, and the nobles of the provinces were present.

      References for Esther 1:3