Esther 1:1-9 NIV

Queen Vashti Deposed

1 This is what happened during the time of Xerxes,a1 the Xerxes who ruled over "127 provinces2 stretching from India to Cushb:3

References for Esther 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Hebrew "Ahasuerus," a variant of Xerxes' Persian name; here and throughout Esther
    • b 1:1 - That is, the upper Nile region
      2 At that time King Xerxes reigned from his royal throne in the citadel of Susa,4

      References for Esther 1:2

      3 and in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet5 for all his nobles and officials. The military leaders of Persia and Media, the princes, and the nobles of the provinces were present.

      References for Esther 1:3

      4 For a full 180 days he displayed the vast wealth of his kingdom and the splendor and glory of his majesty.
      5 When these days were over, the king gave a banquet, lasting seven days,6 in the enclosed garden7 of the king's palace, for all the people from the least to the greatest, who were in the citadel of Susa.

      References for Esther 1:5

      6 The garden had hangings of white and blue linen, fastened with cords of white linen and purple material to silver rings on marble pillars. There were couches8 of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and other costly stones.

      References for Esther 1:6

      7 Wine was served in goblets of gold, each one different from the other, and the royal wine was abundant, in keeping with the king's liberality.9

      References for Esther 1:7

      8 By the king's command each guest was allowed to drink in his own way, for the king instructed all the wine stewards to serve each man what he wished.
      9 Queen Vashti also gave a banquet10 for the women in the royal palace of King Xerxes.

      References for Esther 1:9