At once the royal secretaries were summoned--on the twenty-third day of the third month, the month of Sivan. They wrote out all Mordecai's orders to the Jews, and to the satraps, governors and nobles of the 127 provinces stretching from India to Cush.1 These orders were written in the script of each province and the language of each people and also to the Jews in their own script and language.2
References for Esther 8:9
Mordecai wrote in the name of King Xerxes, sealed the dispatches with the king's signet ring, and sent them by mounted couriers, who rode fast horses especially bred for the king.
The king's edict granted the Jews in every city the right to assemble and protect themselves; to destroy, kill and annihilate any armed force of any nationality or province that might attack them and their women and children; and to plunder3 the property of their enemies.
References for Esther 8:11
The day appointed for the Jews to do this in all the provinces of King Xerxes was the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar.4
References for Esther 8:12
A copy of the text of the edict was to be issued as law in every province and made known to the people of every nationality so that the Jews would be ready on that day5 to avenge themselves on their enemies.
References for Esther 8:13
The couriers, riding the royal horses, raced out, spurred on by the king's command. And the edict was also issued in the citadel of Susa.6
References for Esther 8:14
Mordecai7 left the king's presence wearing royal garments of blue and white, a large crown of gold8 and a purple robe of fine linen.9 And the city of Susa held a joyous celebration.10
References for Esther 8:15
For the Jews it was a time of happiness and joy,11 gladness and honor.12
References for Esther 8:16
In every province and in every city, wherever the edict of the king went, there was joy13 and gladness among the Jews, with feasting and celebrating. And many people of other nationalities became Jews because fear14 of the Jews had seized them.15
References for Esther 8:17