1 Samuel 18 ESV

David and Jonathan's Friendship

1 As soon as he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan 1loved him as his own soul.

References for 1 Samuel 18:1

2 And Saul took him that day 2and would not let him return to his father's house.

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3 Then Jonathan made a covenant with David, because 3he loved him as his own soul.

References for 1 Samuel 18:3

    • 553 18:3 - [See ver. 1 above]
      4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, and his armor, and even his sword and his bow and his belt.
      5 And David went out 4and was successful wherever Saul sent him, so that Saul set him over the men of war. And this was good in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's servants.

      References for 1 Samuel 18:5

        • 554 18:5 - ver. 14, 15, 30

          Saul's Jealousy of David

          6 As they were coming home, when David returned from striking down the Philistine, 5the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with songs of joy, and with musical instruments.a

          References for 1 Samuel 18:6

            • š 18:6 - Or triangles, or three-stringed instruments
              7 And the women 6sang to one another as they celebrated, 7"Saul has struck down his thousands, and David his ten thousands."

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              8 And Saul was very angry, and this saying displeased him. He said, "They have ascribed to David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed thousands, and what more can he have but 8the kingdom?"

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              9 And Saul eyed David from that day on.
              10 The next day 9a harmful spirit from God rushed upon Saul, and 10he raved within his house while David was 11playing the lyre, as he did day by day. 12Saul had his spear in his hand.

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              11 And Saul 13hurled the spear, for he thought, "I will pin David to the wall." But David evaded him twice.

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              12 14Saul was afraid of David because 15the LORD was with him 16but had departed from Saul.

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                  13 So Saul removed him from his presence and made him a commander of a thousand. 17And he went out and came in before the people.

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                  14 And David 18had success in all his undertakings, 19for the LORD was with him.

                  References for 1 Samuel 18:14

                    • 568 18:14 - ver. 5
                    • 569 18:14 - [See ver. 12 above]
                      15 And when Saul saw that 20he had great success, he stood in fearful awe of him.

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                        • 570 18:15 - [See ver. 14 above]
                          16 21But all Israel and Judah loved David, for he went out and came in before them.

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                              David Marries Michal

                              17 Then Saul said to David, "Here is 22my elder daughter Merab. 23I will give her to you for a wife. Only be valiant for me 24and fight the LORD's battles." For Saul thought, "Let not my hand be against him, 25but let the hand of the Philistines be against him."

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                                  18 And David said to Saul, 26"Who am I, and who are my relatives, my father's clan in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king?"

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                                  19 But at the time when Merab, Saul's daughter, should have been given to David, she was given to 27Adriel the 28Meholathite for a wife.

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                                  20 Now 29Saul's daughter Michal 30loved David. And they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.

                                  References for 1 Samuel 18:20

                                    • 579 18:20 - [See ver. 17 above]
                                    • 580 18:20 - ver. 28
                                      21 Saul thought, "Let me give her to him, that she may 31be a snare for him 32and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him." Therefore Saul said to David a second time,b33"You shall now be my son-in-law."

                                      References for 1 Samuel 18:21

                                        • › 18:21 - Hebrew by two
                                          22 And Saul commanded his servants, "Speak to David in private and say, 'Behold, the king has delight in you, and all his servants love you. Now then become the king's son-in-law.'"
                                          23 And Saul's servants spoke those words in the ears of David. And David said, 34"Does it seem to you a little thing to become the king's son-in-law, since I am a poor man and have no reputation?"

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                                          24 And the servants of Saul told him, "Thus and so did David speak."
                                          25 Then Saul said, "Thus shall you say to David, 'The king desires no 35bride-price except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, 36that he may be avenged of the king's enemies.'"37Now Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.

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                                              26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son-in-law. 38Before the time had expired,

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                                                  27 David arose and went, 39along with his men, and killed two hundred of the Philistines. 40And David brought their foreskins, which were given in full number to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him his daughter Michal for a wife.

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                                                      28 But when Saul saw and knew that 41the LORD was with David, 42and that Michal, Saul's daughter, loved him,

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                                                          29 Saul was even more afraid of David. So Saul was David's enemy continually.
                                                          30 43Then the princes of the Philistines came out to battle, and as often as they came out 44David had more success than all the servants of Saul, so that his name was highly esteemed.

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