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1 Samuel 23 ESV

David Saves the City of Keilah

1 Now they told David, "Behold, the Philistines are fighting against 1Keilah and are robbing the threshing floors."

References for 1 Samuel 23:1

2 Therefore David 2inquired of the LORD, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" And the LORD said to David, "Go and attack the Philistines and save Keilah."

References for 1 Samuel 23:2

3 But David's men said to him, "Behold, we are afraid here in Judah; how much more then if we go to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?"
4 Then David 3inquired of the LORD again. And the LORD answered him, "Arise, go down to Keilah, 4for I will give the Philistines into your hand.

References for 1 Samuel 23:4

      5 And David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines and brought away their livestock and struck them with a great blow. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
      6 5When Abiathar the son of Ahimelech had fled to David to Keilah, he had come down with an ephod in his hand.

      References for 1 Samuel 23:6

      7 Now it was told Saul that David had come to Keilah. And Saul said, "God has given him into my hand, for he has shut himself in by entering a town that has gates and bars."
      8 And Saul summoned all the people to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.
      9 David knew that Saul was plotting harm against him. And he said to Abiathar the priest, 6"Bring the ephod here."

      References for 1 Samuel 23:9

      10 Then said David, "O LORD, the God of Israel, your servant has surely heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah, to destroy the city on my account.
      11 Will the men of Keilah surrender me into his hand? Will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? O LORD, the God of Israel, please tell your servant." And the LORD said, "He will come down."
      12 Then David said, "Will the men of Keilah surrender me and my men into the hand of Saul?" And the LORD said, 7"They will surrender you."

      References for 1 Samuel 23:12

          13 Then David and his men, 8who were about six hundred, arose and departed from Keilah, and they went 9wherever they could go. When Saul was told that David had escaped from Keilah, he gave up the expedition.

          References for 1 Samuel 23:13

          14 And David remained in the strongholds in the wilderness, in the hill country 10of the wilderness of 11Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God did not give him into his hand

          References for 1 Samuel 23:14

          Saul Pursues David

          15 David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh.

          References for 1 Samuel 23:15

              16 And Jonathan, Saul's son, rose and went to David at Horesh, and strengthened his hand in God.
              17 And he said to him, "Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. 12Saul my father also knows this."

              References for 1 Samuel 23:17

              18 13And the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

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              19 14Then the Ziphites went up to Saul at Gibeah, saying, "Is not David hiding among us in the strongholds at Horesh, on the hill of Hachilah, which is south of 15Jeshimon

              References for 1 Samuel 23:19

              20 Now come down, O king, according to all your heart's desire to come down, 16and our part shall be to surrender him into the king's hand."

              References for 1 Samuel 23:20

                  21 And Saul said, 17"May you be blessed by the LORD, 18for you have had compassion on me

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                  22 Go, make yet more sure. Know and see the place where his foot is, and who has seen him there, for it is told me that he is very cunning.
                  23 See therefore and take note of all the lurking places where he hides, and come back to me with sure information. Then I will go with you. And if he is in the land, I will search him out among all the thousands of Judah."
                  24 And they arose and went to Ziph ahead of Saul. Now David and his men were 19in the wilderness of Maon, 20in the Arabah to the south of 21Jeshimon.

                  References for 1 Samuel 23:24

                      25 And Saul and his men went to seek him. And David was told, so he went down to the rock and lived in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.
                      26 Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain. And David was hurrying to get away from Saul. As Saul and his men were closing in on David and his men to capture them,
                      27 a messenger came to Saul, saying, "Hurry and come, for the Philistines have made a raid against the land."
                      28 So Saul returned from pursuing after David and went against the Philistines. Therefore that place was called the Rock of Escape.a

                      References for 1 Samuel 23:28

                        • § 23:28 - Or Rock of Divisions
                          29 b And David went up from there and lived in the strongholds of 22Engedi.

                          References for 1 Samuel 23:29

                          Study tools for 1 Samuel 23

                          • a 23:28 - Or Rock of Divisions
                          • b 23:29 - Ch 24:1 in Hebrew