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2 Samuel 21 ESV

David Avenges the Gibeonites

1 Now there was a famine in the days of David for three years, year after year. And David 1sought the face of the LORD. And the LORD said, "There is bloodguilt on Saul and on his house, because he put the Gibeonites to death."

References for 2 Samuel 21:1

2 So the king called the Gibeonites and spoke to them. Now the Gibeonites were not of the people of Israel but 2of the remnant of the Amorites. Although the people of Israel had sworn to spare them, Saul had sought to strike them down in his zeal for the people of Israel and Judah.

References for 2 Samuel 21:2

3 And David said to the Gibeonites, "What shall I do for you? And how shall I make atonement, that you may bless 3the heritage of the LORD?"

References for 2 Samuel 21:3

4 The Gibeonites said to him, "It is not a matter of silver or gold between us and Saul or his house; neither is it for us to put any man to death in Israel." And he said, "What do you say that I shall do for you?"
5 They said to the king, "The man who consumed us and planned to destroy us, so that we should have no place in all the territory of Israel,
6 let seven of his sons be given to us, so that we may hang them before the LORD at 4Gibeah of Saul, 5the chosen of the LORD." And the king said, "I will give them."

References for 2 Samuel 21:6

7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Saul's son Jonathan, because of 6the oath of the LORD that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.

References for 2 Samuel 21:7

8 The king took the two sons of 7Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Meraba the daughter of Saul, whom 8she bore to 9Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite;

References for 2 Samuel 21:8

    • œ 21:8 - Two Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts Michal
      9 and he gave them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them on the mountain before the LORD, and the seven of them perished together. They were put to death in the first days of harvest, 10at the beginning of barley harvest.

      References for 2 Samuel 21:9

      10 11Then Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth and spread it for herself on the rock, from the beginning of harvest until rain fell upon them from the heavens. And she did not allow the birds of the air to come upon them by day, or the beasts of the field by night.

      References for 2 Samuel 21:10

      11 When David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done,
      12 David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of his son Jonathan from the men of Jabesh-gilead, 12who had stolen them from the public square of 13Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged them, on the day the Philistines killed Saul on Gilboa.

      References for 2 Samuel 21:12

      13 And he brought up from there the bones of Saul and the bones of his son Jonathan; and they gathered the bones of those who were hanged.
      14 And they buried the bones of Saul and his son Jonathan in the land of Benjamin in 14Zela, in the tomb of Kish his father. And they did all that the king commanded. And after that 15God responded to the plea for the land.

      References for 2 Samuel 21:14

      War with the Philistines

      15 There was war again between the Philistines and Israel, and David went down together with his servants, and they fought against the Philistines. And David grew weary.

      References for 2 Samuel 21:15

          16 And Ishbi-benob, one of the descendants 16of the giants, whose spear weighed three hundred shekelsb of bronze, and who was armed with a new sword, thought to kill David.

          References for 2 Samuel 21:16

            • 565 21:16 - ver. 18, 20, 22
            •  21:16 - A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
              17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah came to his aid and attacked the Philistine and killed him. Then David's men swore to him, 17"You shall no longer go out with us to battle, lest you quench 18the lamp of Israel."

              References for 2 Samuel 21:17

              18 19After this there was again war with the Philistines at Gob. Then 20Sibbecai 21the Hushathite struck down Saph, who was one of the descendants 22of the giants.

              References for 2 Samuel 21:18

                  19 And there was again war with the Philistines at Gob, and 23Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, the Bethlehemite, struck down Goliath the Gittite, 24the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.c

                  References for 2 Samuel 21:19

                    • ž 21:19 - Contrast 1 Chronicles 20:5, which may preserve the original reading
                      20 And there was again war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, who had six fingers on each hand, and six toes on each foot, twenty-four in number, and he also was descended 25from the giants.

                      References for 2 Samuel 21:20

                        • 574 21:20 - ver. 16, 18
                          21 And when 26he taunted Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David's brother, struck him down.

                          References for 2 Samuel 21:21

                          22 These four were descended 27from the giants in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

                          References for 2 Samuel 21:22

                            • 576 21:22 - [See ver. 20 above]

                              Study tools for 2 Samuel 21

                              • a 21:8 - Two Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts Michal
                              • b 21:16 - A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
                              • c 21:19 - Contrast 1 Chronicles 20:5, which may preserve the original reading