Ecclesiastes 4 ESV

Evil Under the Sun

1 1Again I 2saw all 3the oppressions that are done under the sun. And behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they had 4no one to comfort them! On the side of their oppressors there was power, and there was no one to comfort them.

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2 And I 5thought the dead who are already dead more fortunate than the living who are still alive.

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3 But 6better than both is he who has not yet been and has not seen the evil deeds that are done under the sun.

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4 Then I saw that all toil and all skill in work come from a man's envy of his neighbor. This also is 7vanity and a striving after wind.

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5 The fool 8folds his hands and 9eats his own flesh.

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6 10Better is a handful of 11quietness than two hands full of toil and a striving after wind.

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7 12Again, I saw vanity under the sun:

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    • 116 4:7 - [See ver. 1 above]
      8 one person who has no other, either son or brother, yet there is no end to all his toil, and his 13eyes are never satisfied with riches, so that he never asks, 14"For whom am I toiling and depriving myself of pleasure?" This also is vanity and an unhappy 15business.

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      9 Two are better than one, because they have a good reward for their toil.
      10 For if they fall, one will lift up his fellow. But woe to him who is alone when he falls and has not another to lift him up!
      11 Again, if two lie together, they keep warm, 16but how can one keep warm alone?

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      12 And though a man might prevail against one who is alone, two will withstand him--a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
      13 Better was 17a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king who no longer knew how 18to take advice.

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      14 For he went 19from prison to the throne, though in his own kingdom he had been born poor.

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      15 I saw all the living who move about under the sun, along with thata youth who was to stand in the king'sb place.

      References for Ecclesiastes 4:15

        • l 4:15 - Hebrew the second
        • m 4:15 - Hebrew his
          16 There was no end of all the people, all of whom he led. Yet those who come later will not rejoice in him. Surely this also is 20vanity and a striving after wind.

          References for Ecclesiastes 4:16