Genesis 4:1-16 ESV

Cain and Abel

1 Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, "I have gottena a man with the help of the LORD."

References for Genesis 4:1

    • y 4:1 - Cain sounds like the Hebrew for gotten
      2 And again, she bore his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain a worker of the ground.
      3 In the course of time Cain brought to the LORD an offering of 1the fruit of the ground,

      References for Genesis 4:3

      4 and Abel also brought of 2the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions. And the LORD 3 had regard for Abel and his offering,

      References for Genesis 4:4

      5 but 4for Cain and his offering he had no regard. So Cain was very angry, and his face fell.

      References for Genesis 4:5

      6 The LORD said to Cain, "Why are you angry, and why has your face fallen?
      7 5If you do well, will you not be accepted?b And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door. 6Its desire is forc you, but you must rule over it."

      References for Genesis 4:7

        • z 4:7 - Hebrew will there not be a lifting up [of your face]?
        • { 4:7 - Or against
          8 Cain spoke to Abel his brother.d And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and 7killed him.

          References for Genesis 4:8

            • | 4:8 - Hebrew; Samaritan, Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate add Let us go out to the field
              9 Then the LORD said to Cain, "Where is Abel your brother?" He said, 8"I do not know; am I my brother's keeper?"

              References for Genesis 4:9

              10 And the LORD said, "What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood 9is crying to me from the ground.

              References for Genesis 4:10

              11 And now 10you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.

              References for Genesis 4:11

              12 When you work the ground, it shall no longer yield to you its strength. You shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth."
              13 Cain said to the LORD, "My 11punishment is greater than I can bear.e

              References for Genesis 4:13

                • } 4:13 - Or My guilt is too great to bear
                  14 Behold, 12you have driven me today away from the ground, and 13from your face I shall be hidden. I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, 14and whoever finds me will kill me."

                  References for Genesis 4:14

                  15 Then the LORD said to him, "Not so! If anyone kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him 15sevenfold." And the LORD 16put a mark on Cain, lest any who found him should attack him.

                  References for Genesis 4:15

                  16 Then Cain went away from the presence of the LORD and settled in the land of Nod,f east of Eden.

                  References for Genesis 4:16

                    • ~ 4:16 - Nod means wandering