Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus

1 When Jesus had spoken these words, 1he went out with his disciples across 2the Kidron Valley, where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered.

References for John 18:1

2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew 3the place, for 4Jesus often met there with his disciples.

References for John 18:2

3 5So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons.

References for John 18:3

4 Then Jesus, 6knowing all that would happen to him, came forward and said to them, 7"Whom do you seek?"

References for John 18:4

5 They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus said to them, "I am he."a Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them.

References for John 18:5

    • ® 18:5 - Greek I am; also verses 6, 8
      6 8When Jesusb said to them, "I am he," they drew back and fell to the ground.

      References for John 18:6

      7 So he asked them again, 9"Whom do you seek?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth."

      References for John 18:7

        • 1268 18:7 - [See ver. 4 above]
          8 Jesus answered, "I told you that I am he. So, if you seek me, let these men go."
          9 10This was to fulfill the word that he had spoken: "Of those whom you gave me I have lost not one."

          References for John 18:9

          10 Then Simon Peter, 11having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servantc and cut off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.)

          References for John 18:10

            • ° 18:10 - Greek bondservant; twice in this verse
              11 So Jesus said to Peter, "Put your sword into its sheath; 12shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me?"

              References for John 18:11

              Jesus Faces Annas and Caiaphas

              12 So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound him.

              References for John 18:12

                  13 First they 13led him to 14Annas, for he was the father-in-law of 15Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

                  References for John 18:13

                      14 It was Caiaphas who had advised the Jews 16that it would be expedient that one man should die for the people.

                      References for John 18:14

                      Peter Denies Jesus

                      15 17Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Since that disciple was known to the high priest, he entered with Jesus into the court of the high priest,

                      References for John 18:15

                      16 18but Peter stood outside at the door. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the servant girl who kept watch at the door, and brought Peter in.

                      References for John 18:16

                      17 19The servant girl at the door said to Peter, "You also are not one of this man's disciples, are you?" He said, "I am not."

                      References for John 18:17

                      18 Now the servantsd and officers had made a charcoal fire, because it was cold, and they were standing and warming themselves. 20Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself.

                      References for John 18:18

                        • ± 18:18 - Greek bondservants; also verse 26

                          The High Priest Questions Jesus

                          19 21The high priest then questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching.

                          References for John 18:19

                          20 Jesus answered him, "I have spoken 22openly 23to the world. I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all Jews come together. 24I have said nothing in secret.

                          References for John 18:20

                          21 Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to them; they know what I said."
                          22 When he had said these things, one of the officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying, 25"Is that how you answer the high priest?"

                          References for John 18:22

                          23 Jesus answered him, "If what I said is wrong, bear witness about the wrong; but if what I said is right, why do you strike me?"
                          24 26Annas then sent him bound to 27Caiaphas the high priest.

                          References for John 18:24

                              Peter Denies Jesus Again

                              25 28Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. So they said to him, "You also are not one of his disciples, are you?" He denied it and said, "I am not."

                              References for John 18:25

                              26 One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of 29the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, "Did I not see you 30in the garden with him?"

                              References for John 18:26

                                  27 Peter again denied it, and 31at once a rooster crowed.

                                  References for John 18:27

                                  Jesus Before Pilate

                                  28 32Then they led Jesus 33from the house of Caiaphas to 34the governor's headquarters.e It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor's headquarters, 35so that they would not be defiled, 36but could eat the Passover.

                                  References for John 18:28

                                    • ² 18:28 - Greek the praetorium
                                      29 37So Pilate went outside to them and said, "What accusation do you bring against this man?"

                                      References for John 18:29

                                      30 They answered him, "If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered him over to you."
                                      31 Pilate said to them, 38"Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law." The Jews said to him, "It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death."

                                      References for John 18:31

                                      32 39This was to fulfill the word that Jesus had spoken 40to show by what kind of death he was going to die.

                                      References for John 18:32

                                      My Kingdom Is Not of This World

                                      33 41So Pilate entered his headquarters again and called Jesus and said to him, 42"Are you the King of the Jews?"

                                      References for John 18:33

                                      34 Jesus answered, "Do you say this of your own accord, or did others say it to you about me?"
                                      35 Pilate answered, "Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you over to me. What have you done?"
                                      36 Jesus answered, 43"My kingdom 44is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, 45my servants would have been fighting, that 46I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world."
                                      37 Then Pilate said to him, "So you are a king?" Jesus answered, 47"You say that I am a king. 48For this purpose I was born and for this purpose 49I have come into the world--50to bear witness to the truth. 51Everyone who is 52of the truth 53listens to my voice."
                                      38 Pilate said to him, "What is truth?"After he had said this, 54he went back outside to the Jews and told them, 55"I find no guilt in him.

                                      References for John 18:38

                                      39 56But you have a custom that I should release one man for you at the Passover. So do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?"

                                      References for John 18:39

                                      40 They cried out again, 57"Not this man, but Barabbas!" Now Barabbas was a robber.f

                                      References for John 18:40

                                        • ³ 18:40 - Or an insurrectionist