Luke 23 ESV

Jesus Before Pilate

1 1Then the whole company of them arose and brought him before Pilate.

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2 And they began to accuse him, saying, "We found this man 2misleading our nation and 3forbidding us to give tribute to 4Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, 5a king."

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      3 6And Pilate asked him, 7"Are you the King of the Jews?" And he answered him, 8"You have said so."

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          4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, 9"I find no guilt in this man.

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          5 But they were urgent, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, 10from Galilee even to this place."

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          Jesus Before Herod

          6 When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean.

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              7 And when he learned that he belonged to 11Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time.

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              8 When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, 12for he had long desired to see him, 13because he had heard about him, and he was hoping 14to see some sign done by him.

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              9 So he questioned him at some length, but he made no answer.
              10 The chief priests and the scribes stood by, vehemently accusing him.
              11 And Herod with his soldiers 15treated him with contempt and 16mocked him. Then, 17arraying him in splendid clothing, he sent him back to Pilate.

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              12 And 18Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before this they had been at enmity with each other.

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              13 Pilate then called together the chief priests and 19the rulers and the people,

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              14 and said to them, "You brought me this man 20as one who was misleading the people. And 21after examining him before you, behold, I 22did not find this man guilty of any of your charges against him

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                  15 Neither did Herod, for 23he sent him back to us. Look, nothing deserving death has been done by him.

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                      16 24I will therefore punish and release him."a

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                        • Û 23:16 - Here, or after verse 19, some manuscripts add verse 17: Now he was obliged to release one man to them at the festival

                          Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified

                          18 25But they all cried out together, 26"Away with this man, and release to us Barabbas"--

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                          19 a man who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection started in the city and 27for murder

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                          20 Pilate addressed them once more, desiring to release Jesus,
                          21 but they kept shouting, "Crucify, crucify him!
                          22 A third time he said to them, "Why, 28what evil has he done? 29I have found in him no guilt deserving death. 30I will therefore punish and release him."

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                              23 But they were urgent, demanding with loud cries that he should be crucified. And their voices prevailed.
                              24 So Pilate decided that their demand should be granted.
                              25 He released the man who had been thrown into prison 31for insurrection and murder, for whom they asked, 32but he delivered Jesus over to their will.

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                                  The Crucifixion

                                  26 33And as they led him away, they seized one Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it behind Jesus.

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                                  27 And there followed him a great multitude of the people and of women who were 34mourning and lamenting for him.

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                                  28 But turning to them Jesus said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.
                                  29 For behold, 35the days are coming when they will say, 36'Blessed are the barren and the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!'

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                                  30 37Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall on us,' and to the hills, 'Cover us.'

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                                  31 For 38if they do these things when 39the wood is green, what will happen 40when it is dry?"

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                                  32 41Two others, who were criminals, were led away to be put to death with him.

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                                  33 42And when they came to the place that is called The Skull, there they crucified him, and the criminals, 43one on his right and one on his left.

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                                      34 And Jesus said, "Father, 44forgive them, 45for they know not what they do."b And they cast lots 46to divide his garments.

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                                        • Ü 23:34 - Some manuscripts omit the sentence And Jesus... what they do
                                          35 And 47the people stood by, watching, 48but 49the rulers 50scoffed at him, saying, 51"He saved others; 52let him save himself, 53if he is 54the Christ of God, 55his Chosen One!"

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                                          36 The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and 56offering him sour wine

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                                          37 and saying, 57"If you are 58the King of the Jews, save yourself!"

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                                              38 59There was also an inscription over him,c"This is 60the King of the Jews.

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                                                • Ý 23:38 - Some manuscripts add in letters of Greek and Latin and Hebrew
                                                  39 61One of the criminals who were hanged 62railed at him,d saying, "Are you not 63the Christ? Save yourself and us!"

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                                                    • Þ 23:39 - Or blasphemed him
                                                      40 But the other rebuked him, saying, "Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation?
                                                      41 And we indeed justly, for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong."
                                                      42 And he said, "Jesus, remember me 64when you come into your kingdom."

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                                                      43 And he said to him, "Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in 65Paradise."

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                                                      The Death of Jesus

                                                      44 66It was now about the sixth hour,e and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour,f

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                                                        • ß 23:44 - That is, noon
                                                        • à 23:44 - That is, 3 p.m.
                                                          45 while the sun's light failed. And 67the curtain of the temple was torn in two.

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                                                          46 Then Jesus, 68calling out with a loud voice, said, "Father, 69into your hands I 70commit my spirit!" And having said this 71he breathed his last.

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                                                              47 Now 72when the centurion saw what had taken place, 73he praised God, saying, "Certainly this man was innocent!"

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                                                              48 And all the crowds that had assembled for this spectacle, when they saw what had taken place, returned home 74beating their breasts.

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                                                              49 And all 75his acquaintances and 76the women who had followed him from Galilee 77stood at a distance watching these things.

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                                                                  Jesus Is Buried

                                                                  50 78Now there was a man named Joseph, from the Jewish town of Arimathea. He was a member of the council, a good and righteous man,

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                                                                  51 who had not consented to their decision and action; and he 79was looking for the kingdom of God.

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                                                                  52 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.
                                                                  53 Then he took it down and wrapped it in a linen shroud and 80laid him in a tomb cut in stone, 81where no one had ever yet been laid.

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                                                                  54 It was the day of 82Preparation, and the Sabbath was beginning.g

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                                                                    • á 23:54 - Greek was dawning
                                                                      55 83The women 84who had come with him from Galilee followed and saw the tomb and how his body was laid.

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                                                                          56 Then they returned and 85prepared spices and ointments. On the Sabbath they rested 86according to the commandment.

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