Matthew 18 ESV

Who Is the Greatest?

1 1At that time the disciples came to Jesus, saying, "Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?"

References for Matthew 18:1

2 And calling to him a child, he put him in the midst of them
3 and said, "Truly, I say to you, unless you 2turn and 3become like children, you 4will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

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4 5Whoever humbles himself like this child is the 6greatest in the kingdom of heaven.

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      5 7"Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me,

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      6 but 8whoever causes one of these 9little ones who believe in me to sin,a it would be better for him to have a great millstone fastened around his neck and to be drowned in the depth of the sea.

      References for Matthew 18:6

        • ± 18:6 - Greek causes... to stumble; also verses 8, 9

          Temptations to Sin

          7 "Woe to the world for 10temptations to sin!b11For it is necessary that temptations come, 12but woe to the one by whom the temptation comes!

          References for Matthew 18:7

            • ² 18:7 - Greek stumbling blocks
              8 13And if your hand or your foot causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life crippled or lame than with two hands or two feet to be thrown into 14the eternal fire.

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              9 15And if your eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into the 16hellc of fire.

              References for Matthew 18:9

                • 907 18:9 - [See ver. 8 above]
                • 908 18:9 - [See ver. 8 above]
                • ³ 18:9 - Greek Gehenna

                  The Parable of the Lost Sheep

                  10 "See that you do not despise 17one of these little ones. For I tell you that in heaven 18their angels always 19see the face of my Father who is in heaven.d

                  References for Matthew 18:10

                    • ´ 18:10 - Some manuscripts add verse 11: For the Son of Man came to save the lost
                      12 20What do you think? 21If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them has gone astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine on the mountains and go in search of the one that went astray?

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                          13 And if he finds it, truly, I say to you, he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine that never went astray.
                          14 So 22it is not the will of mye Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish.

                          References for Matthew 18:14

                            • µ 18:14 - Some manuscripts your

                              If Your Brother Sins Against You

                              15 23"If your brother sins against you, 24go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have 25gained your brother.

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                              16 But if he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, that every charge may be established 26by the evidence of two or three witnesses.

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                              17 If he refuses to listen to them, 27tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, 28let him be to you as 29a Gentile and 30a tax collector.

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                              18 Truly, I say to you, 31whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosedf in heaven.

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                                • 18:18 - Or shall have been bound... shall have been loosed
                                  19 Again I say to you, if two of you 32agree on earth about anything they ask, 33it will be done for them by my Father in heaven.

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                                  20 For where two or three are 34gathered in my name, 35there am I among them."

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                                  The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant

                                  21 Then Peter came up and said to him, "Lord, how often 36will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? 37As many as seven times?"

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                                      22 Jesus said to him, "I do not say to you seven times, but seventy times seven.g

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                                        • · 18:22 - Or seventy-seven times
                                          23 "Therefore the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished 38to settle accounts with his servants.h

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                                            • ¸ 18:23 - Greek bondservants; also verses 28, 31
                                              24 When he began to settle, one was brought to him who owed him 39ten thousand 40talents.i

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                                                • ¹ 18:24 - A talent was a monetary unit worth about twenty years' wages for a laborer
                                                  25 41And since he could not pay, his master ordered him 42to be sold, with his wife and 43children and all that he had, and payment to be made.

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                                                  26 So the servantj44fell on his knees, imploring him, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.'

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                                                    • º 18:26 - Greek bondservant; also verses 27, 28, 29, 32, 33
                                                      27 And out of pity for him, the master of that servant released him and 45forgave him the debt.

                                                      References for Matthew 18:27

                                                        • 937 18:27 - [See ver. 25 above]
                                                          28 But when that same servant went out, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred 46denarii,k and seizing him, he began to choke him, saying, 'Pay what you owe.'

                                                          References for Matthew 18:28

                                                            • » 18:28 - A denarius was a day's wage for a laborer
                                                              29 So his fellow servant fell down and pleaded with him, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you.'
                                                              30 He refused and went and put him in prison until he should pay the debt.
                                                              31 When his fellow servants saw what had taken place, they were greatly distressed, and they went and reported to their master all that had taken place.
                                                              32 Then his master summoned him and said to him, 'You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me.
                                                              33 47And should not you have had mercy on your fellow servant, as I had mercy on you?'

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                                                              34 48And in anger his master delivered him to the jailers,l49until he should pay all his debt.

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                                                                • ¼ 18:34 - Greek torturers
                                                                  35 50So also my heavenly Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother 51from your heart."

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