Exodus 22 NIV

Protection of Property

1 "If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he must pay back1 five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

References for Exodus 22:1

2 "If a thief is caught breaking in2 and is struck so that he dies, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed;3

References for Exodus 22:2

3 but if it happensa after sunrise, he is guilty of bloodshed. "A thief must certainly make restitution,4 but if he has nothing, he must be sold5 to pay for his theft.

References for Exodus 22:3

    • a 22:3 - Or "if he strikes him"
      4 "If the stolen animal is found alive in his possession6--whether ox or donkey or sheep--he must pay back double.7

      References for Exodus 22:4

      5 "If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and they graze in another man's field, he must make restitution8 from the best of his own field or vineyard.

      References for Exodus 22:5

      6 "If a fire breaks out and spreads into thornbushes so that it burns shocks9 of grain or standing grain or the whole field, the one who started the fire must make restitution.10

      References for Exodus 22:6

      7 "If a man gives his neighbor silver or goods for safekeeping11 and they are stolen from the neighbor's house, the thief, if he is caught, must pay back double.12

      References for Exodus 22:7

          8 But if the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judgesb13 to determine whether he has laid his hands on the other man's property.

          References for Exodus 22:8

            • b 22:8 - Or "before God "; also in verse 9
              9 In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, 'This is mine,' both parties are to bring their cases before the judges.14 The one whom the judges declarec guilty must pay back double to his neighbor.

              References for Exodus 22:9

                • c 22:9 - Or "whom God declares"
                  10 "If a man gives a donkey, an ox, a sheep or any other animal to his neighbor for safekeeping15 and it dies or is injured or is taken away while no one is looking,

                  References for Exodus 22:10

                      11 the issue between them will be settled by the taking of an oath16 before the LORD that the neighbor did not lay hands on the other person's property. The owner is to accept this, and no restitution is required.

                      References for Exodus 22:11

                      12 But if the animal was stolen from the neighbor, he must make restitution17 to the owner.

                      References for Exodus 22:12

                          13 If it was torn to pieces by a wild animal, he shall bring in the remains as evidence and he will not be required to pay for the torn animal.18

                          References for Exodus 22:13

                          14 "If a man borrows an animal from his neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, he must make restitution.19

                          References for Exodus 22:14

                              15 But if the owner is with the animal, the borrower will not have to pay. If the animal was hired, the money paid for the hire covers the loss.20

                              References for Exodus 22:15

                              Social Responsibility

                              16 "If a man seduces a virgin21 who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price,22 and she shall be his wife.

                              References for Exodus 22:16

                              17 If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must still pay the bride-price for virgins.
                              18 "Do not allow a sorceress23 to live.

                              References for Exodus 22:18

                              19 "Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal24 must be put to death.

                              References for Exodus 22:19

                              20 "Whoever sacrifices to any god25 other than the LORD must be destroyed.d26

                              References for Exodus 22:20

                                • d 22:20 - The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
                                  21 "Do not mistreat an alien27 or oppress him, for you were aliens28 in Egypt.

                                  References for Exodus 22:21

                                  22 "Do not take advantage of a widow or an orphan.29
                                  23 If you do and they cry out30 to me, I will certainly hear their cry.31

                                  References for Exodus 22:23

                                  24 My anger will be aroused, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives will become widows and your children fatherless.32

                                  References for Exodus 22:24

                                  25 "If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not be like a moneylender; charge him no interest.e33

                                  References for Exodus 22:25

                                  26 If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge,34 return it to him by sunset,

                                  References for Exodus 22:26

                                  27 because his cloak is the only covering he has for his body. What else will he sleep in?35 When he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.36
                                  28 "Do not blaspheme Godf37 or curse38 the ruler of your people.39

                                  References for Exodus 22:28

                                    • f 22:28 - Or "Do not revile the judges"
                                      29 "Do not hold back offerings40 from your granaries or your vats.g "You must give me the firstborn of your sons.41

                                      References for Exodus 22:29

                                        • g 22:29 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
                                          30 Do the same with your cattle and your sheep.42 Let them stay with their mothers for seven days, but give them to me on the eighth day.43

                                          References for Exodus 22:30

                                          31 "You are to be my holy people.44 So do not eat the meat of an animal torn by wild beasts;45 throw it to the dogs.

                                          References for Exodus 22:31