Exodus 22:12

12 But if the animal was stolen from the neighbor, restitution must be made to the owner.

Read Exodus 22:12 Using Other Translations

And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.
But if it is stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner.
But if the animal was indeed stolen, the guilty person must pay compensation to the owner.

What does Exodus 22:12 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Exodus 22:12

And if it be stolen from him
Or "but if" F24 it was taken away by theft; and that "from with him" F25, as it may be literally rendered, from among his own cattle, and they not taken; and he being present, pretending to have an eye upon them and keep them, but was careless and negligent, at least, if he did not connive at the theft:

he shall make restitution to the owner thereof;
for in such a case there was ground for suspicion of fraud; however, there was apparent carelessness, and it was but just he should make restitution, since he had hire or wages for keeping it; which is the reason Aben Ezra gives for it, and is suggested by the Targum of Jonathan; which adds to the former clause, by way of explanation,

``that which was with him to be kept for a reward.''


FOOTNOTES:

F24 (Ma yk) "si autem", Drusius.
F25 (wmem) "e cum eo", Montanus.
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